Asambhava, Asaṃbhava: 13 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Asambhava means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Asambhav.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Asaṃbhava (असंभव).—Impossibility of occurrence (used in connection with an operation); cf नावश्यं द्विकार्ययोग एव विप्रतिषेधः । किं तर्हि । असंभवेपि । (nāvaśyaṃ dvikāryayoga eva vipratiṣedhaḥ | kiṃ tarhi | asaṃbhavepi |) M. Bh. I.1.12 Vārt. 3; (2) impossibility of a statement, mention, act etc. cf. असंभवः खल्वपि अर्थादेशनस्य (asaṃbhavaḥ khalvapi arthādeśanasya) M. Bh. on II.1.1.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyavilasa of Ciranjiva Bhattacarya (natyashastra)

Asambhava (असम्भव) refers to one of the 93 alaṃkāras (“figures of speech”) mentioned by Cirañjīva Bhaṭṭācārya (fl. 17th century) in his Kāvyavilāsa and is listed as one of the 89 arthālaṃkāras (figure of speech determined by the sense, as opposed to sound).—Ancient Ālaṃkārikas like Bhāmaha, Udbhaṭa, Daṇḍin and Vāmana and modern Ālaṃkārikas like Ruyyaka, Mammaṭa, Viśvanātha and Jagannātha have not admitted asambhava. This figure of speech is found to be treated first by Jayadeva in his Candrāloka (V/76). Appayyadīkṣita has also treated it as a separate figure in his kuvalayānanda (P. 208).

Following Jayadeva and Appayya, Cirañjīva defines asambhava as—“asambhavo’rthaniṣpattāvasambhāvyatvavarṇanam”. This definition is actually the same with the definition given by Jayadeva and slightly modified from the definition of kuvalayānanda. When one action is accomplished then if the impossibility of that action is described by the poet, it is the figure asambhava. After the completion of an action if it is said that the impossible thing has taken place it is that figure asambhava.

Example of the asambhava-alaṃkāra:—

bāṇena yena nihato bhāle mahiṣasattamaḥ |
paśya devasya māhātmyaṃ tenaivā’sya hayo hataḥ ||

“Behold the power of destiny, by that very shaft which has killed the big buffalo after hitting its forehead, his horse is killed”.

Notes: In this verse after the death of the horse, the impossibility of its death is a subject of discussion. The charioter has thrown his shaft to kill the buffalo. It strikes the forehead of the buffalo, but it is astonishing that the same shaft has killed the horse connected with the chariot. This is simply impossible. This impossibility is expressed by the word paśya devasya māthatṃyam (ibid.). So it is an example of asambhava. Actually when the shaft had striken the forehead of the buffalo it was moving towards the front of the chariot, but it suddenly turned backward; the shaft piercing the forehead and coming out through its backside wounded the head of the horse and it became dead.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Asambhava in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

asambhava (असंभव).—m (S) Incongruity, inconsistency, absurdity, incompatibility. Hence (by implication), Improbability or impossibility. N.B. This second sense is the common sense.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Asambhava in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Asaṃbhava (असंभव).—a. Improbable, unlikely, inconsistent; असंभवं हेममृगस्य जन्म (asaṃbhavaṃ hemamṛgasya janma) H.1.26,

-vaḥ 1 Non-existence; अन्य- दाहुरसंभवात् (anya- dāhurasaṃbhavāt) Vāj.4.1; Iśa. Up.13; रामेणापि कथं न हेमहरिणस्यासंभवो लक्षितः (rāmeṇāpi kathaṃ na hemahariṇasyāsaṃbhavo lakṣitaḥ) Pt.2.4; Śi.16.34.

2) Improbability, impossibility.

-vā, -vam An extra-ordinary event.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Asambhava (असम्भव).—mfn.

(-vaḥ-vā-vaṃ) 1. Improbable, unlikely, inconsistent. 2. Nonexistent. nf.

(-vaṃ-vā) 1. Any extraordinary event. 2. Non existence. E. a neg. sambhava production.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Asaṃbhava (असंभव).—I. m. 1. non-existence, Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 872; impossibility, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 4. 2. omission, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 27. Ii. adj. impossible, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 27, M.M. Apunaḥsambhava, i. e.

Asaṃbhava is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms a and saṃbhava (संभव).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Asaṃbhava (असंभव).—1. [masculine] non-existence, absence, want; impossibility, absurdity.

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Asaṃbhava (असंभव).—2. [adjective] not existing, absent, wanting, impossible.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Asaṃbhava (असंभव):—[=a-saṃbhava] m. ‘non-existence’, destruction, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā xl, 10]

2) [v.s. ...] non-happening, cessation, interruption, [Manu-smṛti xi, 27]

3) [v.s. ...] absence of, want, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] impropriety, inconsistence, impossibility, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Manu-smṛti etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] non-coition, impotence, [Āpastamba-gṛhya-sūtra]

6) [v.s. ...] mfn. ‘non-happening’, inconsistent, impossible.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Asambhava (असम्भव):—[a-sambhava] (vaḥ-vā-vaṃ) a. Improbable. n. Extraordinary event.

[Sanskrit to German]

Asambhava in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Asambhava in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Asaṃbhava (असंभव) [Also spelled asambhav]:—(a) impossible, impracticable.

context information

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Asambhava in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Asaṃbhava (ಅಸಂಭವ):—[adjective] not likely to happen or be true; unlikely; improbable.

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Asaṃbhava (ಅಸಂಭವ):—[noun] (rhet.) a fig. of speech describing an improbable event or happening.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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