Asamgati, Asaṃgati: 5 definitions



Asamgati means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyavilasa of Ciranjiva Bhattacarya (natyashastra)

Asaṃgati (असंगति), also spelled Asaṅgati, refers to one of the 93 alaṃkāras (“figures of speech”) mentioned by Cirañjīva Bhaṭṭācārya (fl. 17th century) in his Kāvyavilāsa and is listed as one of the 89 arthālaṃkāras (figure of speech determined by the sense, as opposed to sound).—The figure asaṃgati has been admitted by Rudraṭa (IX/48), Ruyyaka (A.S.P. 129) Mammaṭa (X/191), Viśvanātha (X/90) Jagannātha (R.G.P. 590) and others.

Asaṃgati-alaṃkāra is also based on the contradiction in the relation of the cause and its effect. General by the cause and its effect subsists in one place. The smoke generated by the kitchen fire cannot be found in a mountain, but when a cause is depicted to reside in a certain place and its effect is depicted to reside in another place, incongruiety regarding the location of the cause and its effect is found. This type of incongruiety is the essence of the figure asaṃgati.

Cirañjīva defines asaṃgati as—“akhyātabhinnadeśitve kāryahetvorasaṅgatiḥ”.—This is the slight modification of the definition of asaṃgati given by Jayadeva in his Candrāloka (V/79) which runs thus—“ākhyātebhinnadeśatve kāryahetvorasaṅgatiḥ”. According to Cirañjīva when the location of a cause and its effect is not familiar or when these reside indifferent location the figure of speech is asaṃgati.

Example of the vibhāvanā-alaṃkāra:—

upakārimukhendusthamanyadeva vaco’mṛtam |
kvacitsravati kasyā’pi jāyate jīvitodayaḥ ||

“The nectar in the form of speech in the moon-like face of a benefactor is of different type. It sometimes oozes out and others get life”.

Notes: Here the cause that is the ambrosial stream and the effect that is getting life are found to exist generally in the same place. But here the flowing of nectar is from the moon-like face of the benefactor and the act of getting life is found in others. So here the residing of the cause and the effect in different location is unfamiliar. So it is an example of the figure asaṃgati.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Asaṃgati (असंगति).—f.

1) Not associating with.

2) Incongruity, improbability.

3) (In Rhet.) A figure of speech in which a cause and tits effect are represented as locally different or separated (in which there is an apparent violation of the relation between cause and effect); भिन्नदेशतयात्यन्तं कार्यकारणभूतयोः । युगपद्धर्मयोर्यत्र ख्यातिः सा स्याद- संगतिः (bhinnadeśatayātyantaṃ kāryakāraṇabhūtayoḥ | yugapaddharmayoryatra khyātiḥ sā syāda- saṃgatiḥ) || K. P.1; विरुद्धं भिन्नदेशत्वं कार्यहेत्वोरसंगतिः । विषं जलधरैः पीतं मूर्छिताः पथिकाङ्गनाः (viruddhaṃ bhinnadeśatvaṃ kāryahetvorasaṃgatiḥ | viṣaṃ jaladharaiḥ pītaṃ mūrchitāḥ pathikāṅganāḥ) || Kuval.

Derivable forms: asaṃgatiḥ (असंगतिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Asaṃgati (असंगति):—[=a-saṃgati] [from a-saṃgata] f. ‘incongruity, improbability’, Name of a rhetorical figure, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa; Kāvyaprakāśa] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] non-association with, [Mahābhārata xii.]

[Sanskrit to German]

Asamgati in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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