Vacyalankara, Vācyālaṅkāra: 1 definition

Introduction:

Vacyalankara means something in Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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[«previous next»] — Vacyalankara in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vācyālaṅkāra (वाच्यालंकार).—m S A rhetorical ornament; a figure of the sentiment or sense. vācyālaṅkāra (or properly and commonly arthālaṅkāra) is contradistinguished from śabdālaṅkāra. The first is Deflection or affection of the sense of the sentence; the second is Change (from literal to metaphorical) of the sense of a word; the first is Figure, the second is Trope. The vācyālaṅkāra or Figures are enumerated at one hundred and fifteen, the śabdā- laṅkāra or Tropes, at five. These hundred and fifteen figures, omitted under the proper word arthā- laṅkāra, are inserted here:--upamālaṅkāra, ananvaya, upamēyōpamā, pratīpa, rūpaka, pariṇāma, ullēkha, ssṛtimān, bhrāntimān, sasandēha, apanhuti, utprēkṣā, atiśayōkti, tulyayōgitā, dīpaka, prativastūpamā, dṛṣṭānta, nidarśanā, vyatirēka, vinōkti, samāsōkti, parikara, parikarāṅkura, ślēṣa, aprastutapraśaṃsā, prastutāṅkura, paryāyōkta, vyājanindā, vyājastuti, ākṣēpa, virōdhābhāsa, vibhāvanā, viśēṣōkti, asambhava, asaṅgati, viṣama, vicitra, adhika, alpa, anyōnya, viśēṣa, vyāghāta, kāraṇamālā, ēkāvalī, mālā- dīpaka, yaśāsaṅkhya, paryāya, parivṛtti, parisaṅkhyā, vikalpa, samuccaya, samādhi, pratyanīka, kāvyārthāpatti, kāvyaliṅga, arthāntaranyāsa, vikasvara, prauḍhōkti, sambhāvanā, mithyādhya- vasiti, lalita, praharṣaṇa, viṣādana, ullāsa, avajñā, anujñā, lēśa, mudrā, ratnāvalī, tadguṇa, pūrvarūpa, atadguṇa, utkarṣa, mīlita, sāmānya, uttara, citra, sūkṣma, vyājōkti, vivṛtōkti, yukti, lōkōkti, chēkōkti, vakrōkti, svabhāvōkti, bhāvika, atyukti, nirukti, pratiṣēdha, vidhi, hētu, rasavat, prēyas, ūrjasvit, samāhita, bhāvōdaya, bhāvasandhi, bhāvaśa- balatā. For the definitions and exemplifications of these figures see pratāparudragrantha & kāvyaprakāśa. Note. The above vācyālaṅkāra are, not one hundred and fifteen, but ninety-eight; because the enumera- tion presents, not the divisions and subdivisions, but the main word simply.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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