Asamskrita, Asaṃskṛta: 10 definitions

Introduction

Asamskrita means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Asaṃskṛta can be transliterated into English as Asamskrta or Asamskrita, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: eScholarship: Chapters 1-14 of the Hayasirsa Pancaratra

Asaṃskṛta (असंस्कृत) refers to “one who is uncultured”, representing an undesirable characteristic of an Ācārya, according to the 9th-century Hayaśīrṣa-pañcarātra Ādikāṇḍa chapter 3.—The Lord said:—“I will tell you about the Sthāpakas endowed with perverse qualities. He should not construct a temple with those who are avoided in this Tantra. [...] He should not be very dark, without compassion, a sinner, nor emaciated, short or lazy, he should not be injured, uncultured (asaṃskṛta), agitated and not depressed. [...] A god enshrined by any of these named above (viz., asaṃskṛta), is in no manner a giver of fruit. If a building for Viṣṇu is made anywhere by these excluded types (viz., asaṃskṛta) then that temple will not give rise to enjoyment and liberation and will yield no reward, of this there is no doubt”.

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous (A) next»] — Asamskrita in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Asaṃskṛta (असंस्कृत) refers to “unconditioned dharmas” and represents one of the  two main divisions of dharmas (things), according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XLVIII. Dharmas or things occur in two main categories: unconditioned (asaṃskṛta) dharmas and conditioned (saṃskṛta) dharmas. The asaṃskṛtas, not formed by causes, are unproduced (utpāda), without extinction (vyaya), and without duration-change (sthityanyathātva). The schools debate their number: from one to nine.

The asaṃskṛtas and especially nirvāṇa also are just as impersonal as the saṃskṛtas. Nirvāṇa is the cessation of desire (rāga), hatred (dveṣa) and delusion (moha). In that capacity, it is necessary to be aware of the non-existence of the self in order to attain nirvāna in this life, which abolishes the pride of “I am”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous (A) next»] — Asamskrita in Buddhism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

1) Asaṃskṛta (असंस्कृत, “unconditioned”) refers to a set of “three unconditioned things” as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 32):

  1. ākāśa (space),
  2. pratisaṃkhyā-nirodha (observed cessation),
  3. apratisaṃkhyā-nirodha (unobserved cessation).

The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., asaṃskṛta). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

2) Asaṃskṛta (असंस्कृत) or asaṃskṛtaśūnyatā refers to “emptiness of the unconditioned” one of the “twenty emptinesses” (śūnyatā) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 41).

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (A) next»] — Asamskrita in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

asaṃskṛta (असंस्कृत).—a S That has not undergone any particular saṃskāra (as marriage, thread-investiture &c.)

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

asaṃskṛta (असंस्कृत).—a That has not undergone any particular saṃskāra (as marriage, thread investiture &c.). Uncivilized, savage, barbarous.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (A) next»] — Asamskrita in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Asaṃskṛta (असंस्कृत).—a.

1) Unpolished, not refined or cleansed &c.

2) Not decorated or adorned.

3) One over whom no purificatory rite (any one of the saṃskāras) has been performed.

-taḥ An ungrammatical form (apaśabda).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Asaṃskṛta (असंस्कृत).—adj. and subst. nt. (= Pali asaṃkhata, ep. of nibbāna, perh. as uncreated by a combination of factors, but see CPD), unconditioned; as nt., one of three unconditioned things. The adj. occurs e.g. Laṅk 189.14. The three asaṃskṛtāni are ākāśa, pratisaṃkhyā-nirodha (which = nirvāṇa), aprati° (see pratisaṃkhyā and aprati°), Dharmas 32; in Mvy 2184 °tam, but 2185—6 name only the 2d and 3d, not ākāśa; without mention of the term asaṃskṛta, and with substitution of nirvāṇa- (-dhātu) for pratisaṃkhyānirodha, the three are named Laṅk 177.3; 197.12; see also AbhidhK. La V-P. i.7.8.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Asaṃskṛta (असंस्कृत).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Not perfect, unpolished, rude, common. 2. Uninitiated, not having gone through the proper rites of caste, state, sex or age. E. a neg. saṃskṛta perfect.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Asaṃskṛta (असंस्कृत).—[adjective] unadorned, uncultivated, unprepared, uninitiated, unmarried.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Asaṃskṛta (असंस्कृत):—[=a-saṃskṛta] [from a-saṃskāra] mfn. not prepared, [Śāṅkhāyana-gṛhya-sūtra]

2) [v.s. ...] not consecrated, [Manu-smṛti; Yājñavalkya]

3) [v.s. ...] unadorned, [Pañcatantra]

4) [v.s. ...] unpolished, rude (as speech).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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