Asamskrita, Asaṃskṛta: 18 definitions

Introduction:

Asamskrita means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Asaṃskṛta can be transliterated into English as Asamskrta or Asamskrita, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Asanskrat.

In Hinduism

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: eScholarship: Chapters 1-14 of the Hayasirsa Pancaratra

Asaṃskṛta (असंस्कृत) refers to “one who is uncultured”, representing an undesirable characteristic of an Ācārya, according to the 9th-century Hayaśīrṣa-pañcarātra Ādikāṇḍa chapter 3.—The Lord said:—“I will tell you about the Sthāpakas endowed with perverse qualities. He should not construct a temple with those who are avoided in this Tantra. [...] He should not be very dark, without compassion, a sinner, nor emaciated, short or lazy, he should not be injured, uncultured (asaṃskṛta), agitated and not depressed. [...] A god enshrined by any of these named above (viz., asaṃskṛta), is in no manner a giver of fruit. If a building for Viṣṇu is made anywhere by these excluded types (viz., asaṃskṛta) then that temple will not give rise to enjoyment and liberation and will yield no reward, of this there is no doubt”.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Asamskrita in Shaivism glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Asaṃskṛta (असंस्कृत) refers to “that which has not been purified (with mantras)”, according to the 13th-century Matsyendrasaṃhitā: a Kubjikā-Tripurā oriented Tantric Yoga text of the Ṣaḍanvayaśāmbhava tradition from South India.—Accordingly, “[...] He should treat [all phenomena] as one, not as separate. He should not drink [alcohol] or eat meat idly [with no ritual purpose]. He should not drink wine without first purifying it (asaṃskṛta) [with mantras], and he should consume meat after he has purified it with that [wine]. He should not answer the call of nature, should not sip water, etc., while reciting mantras or in an assembly. If he does so out of folly, the curse of the Yoginīs will fall on him. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Buddhist philosophy

Source: Google Books: The Treasury of Knowledge: Book six, parts one and two (philosophy)

Asaṃskṛta (असंस्कृत) (Sanskrit; in Tibetan: ’dus ma byas) refers to “uncompounded objects”, representing one of the six types of “objects” (viṣaya) (i.e., ‘that which is to be comprehended or known’).—Accordingly, “That which is to be understood through valid cognition is ‘the knowable’. The terms ‘object’ (viṣaya; yul), ‘knowable’ (jñeya; shes bya), and ‘appraisable’ (prameya; gzhal bya) are all essentially equivalent, but it is the defining characteristic of the ‘object’ that it is to be comprehended or known, [...]. When objects (viṣaya) are analyzed in terms of their essential nature, they may be: [i.e., “uncompounded objects” (asaṃskṛta; ’dus ma byas) cannot be produced from their own primary causes and secondary conditions;] [...]

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Asamskrita in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Asaṃskṛta (असंस्कृत) refers to “unconditioned dharmas” and represents one of the  two main divisions of dharmas (things), according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XLVIII. Dharmas or things occur in two main categories: unconditioned (asaṃskṛta) dharmas and conditioned (saṃskṛta) dharmas. The asaṃskṛtas, not formed by causes, are unproduced (utpāda), without extinction (vyaya), and without duration-change (sthityanyathātva). The schools debate their number: from one to nine.

The asaṃskṛtas and especially nirvāṇa also are just as impersonal as the saṃskṛtas. Nirvāṇa is the cessation of desire (rāga), hatred (dveṣa) and delusion (moha). In that capacity, it is necessary to be aware of the non-existence of the self in order to attain nirvāna in this life, which abolishes the pride of “I am”.

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Asaṃskṛta (असंस्कृत) refers to “(that which is) unconditioned”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “But further, son of good family, in the perspective of the essential character of the dharma (dharmasvabhāva), the Bodhisattva may grasp an essential character, thinking: ‘I have fully understood the dharmas’. But, how then has the Tathāgata understood the dharmas? [It is like this:] [...] their nature is wishless because it is not attached to thoughts; their nature has no desire because it is free from all desires; their nature is unconditioned (asaṃskṛta) because there is no any calculation; [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Asamskrita in Buddhism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

1) Asaṃskṛta (असंस्कृत, “unconditioned”) refers to a set of “three unconditioned things” as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 32):

  1. ākāśa (space),
  2. pratisaṃkhyā-nirodha (observed cessation),
  3. apratisaṃkhyā-nirodha (unobserved cessation).

The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., asaṃskṛta). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

2) Asaṃskṛta (असंस्कृत) or asaṃskṛtaśūnyatā refers to “emptiness of the unconditioned” one of the “twenty emptinesses” (śūnyatā) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 41).

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Asamskrita in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

asaṃskṛta (असंस्कृत).—a S That has not undergone any particular saṃskāra (as marriage, thread-investiture &c.)

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

asaṃskṛta (असंस्कृत).—a That has not undergone any particular saṃskāra (as marriage, thread investiture &c.). Uncivilized, savage, barbarous.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Asamskrita in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Asaṃskṛta (असंस्कृत).—a.

1) Unpolished, not refined or cleansed &c.

2) Not decorated or adorned.

3) One over whom no purificatory rite (any one of the saṃskāras) has been performed.

-taḥ An ungrammatical form (apaśabda).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Asaṃskṛta (असंस्कृत).—adj. and subst. nt. (= Pali asaṃkhata, epithet of nibbāna, perhaps as uncreated by a combination of factors, but see Critical Pali Dictionary), unconditioned; as nt., one of three unconditioned things. The adj. occurs e.g. Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 189.14. The three asaṃskṛtāni are ākāśa, pratisaṃkhyā-nirodha (which = nirvāṇa), aprati° (see pratisaṃkhyā and aprati°), Dharmasaṃgraha 32; in Mahāvyutpatti 2184 °tam, but 2185—6 name only the 2d and 3d, not ākāśa; without mention of the term asaṃskṛta, and with substitution of nirvāṇa- (-dhātu) for pratisaṃkhyānirodha, the three are named Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 177.3; 197.12; see also Abhidharmakośa La V-P. i.7.8.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Asaṃskṛta (असंस्कृत).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Not perfect, unpolished, rude, common. 2. Uninitiated, not having gone through the proper rites of caste, state, sex or age. E. a neg. saṃskṛta perfect.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Asaṃskṛta (असंस्कृत).—[adjective] unadorned, uncultivated, unprepared, uninitiated, unmarried.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Asaṃskṛta (असंस्कृत):—[=a-saṃskṛta] [from a-saṃskāra] mfn. not prepared, [Śāṅkhāyana-gṛhya-sūtra]

2) [v.s. ...] not consecrated, [Manu-smṛti; Yājñavalkya]

3) [v.s. ...] unadorned, [Pañcatantra]

4) [v.s. ...] unpolished, rude (as speech).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Asaṃskṛta (असंस्कृत):—[a-saṃskṛta] (taḥ-tā-taṃ) a. Rude.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Asaṃskṛta (असंस्कृत) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Asaṃkhaya, Asakkaya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Asamskrita in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Asamskrita in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Asaṃskṛta (असंस्कृत) [Also spelled asanskrat]:—(a) uncultured; unrefined; raw.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Asamskrita in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Asaṃskṛta (ಅಸಂಸ್ಕೃತ):—

1) [adjective] that is not of or belonging to Saṃskřta language.

2) [adjective] ; having not received required religious rites.

3) [adjective] not processed well; not refined; not purified; being in the original crude form or state.

4) [adjective] not sophisticated; lacking gentleness; barbarous; rude; uncivilised.

5) [adjective] (food) not seasoned by adding spices, etc.

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Asaṃskṛta (ಅಸಂಸ್ಕೃತ):—[noun] an uncivilised man; a man lacking gentleness.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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