Aitareya: 7 definitions



Aitareya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Aitareya in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Aitareya (ऐतरेय).—A great scholar with profound knowledge of the Vedas. Being a non-brahmin he was not able to learn the Vedas from a guru. In spite of this handicap he acquired considerable scholarship and wrote a learned commentary on the Ṛgveda. This commentary ranks high among the various commentaries on the Vedas.

2) Aitareya (ऐतरेय).—Son of Sage, Māṇḍuki by his first wife, Itarā. Being the son of Itarā he came to be called Aitareya. As a boy he was very pious and used to chant the mantra "Namo Bhagavate Vāsudevāya" frequently. But he was a shy and silent boy and his father mistook his silence to be a sign of stupidity. Dissatisfied with him and being desirous of having learned sons, Māṇḍuki married another woman named Piṅgā and had four sons by her who all became very learned. Once Itarā called her son and told him that his father regarded him as an unworthy son and was often twitting her using insulting words for having given birth to so unworthy a son. She then told him of her resolve to sacrifice her life. Aitareya then made an enlightening discourse to her and dissuaded her from her determination to commit suicide. Some time later Lord Viṣṇu appeared before them and blessed the mother and son. On the advice of Viṣṇu Aitareya participated in the yajña conducted by Harimedhya at Koṭitīrtha and there he made a learned speech on the Vedas. Harimedhya was so pleased with him that he gave his daughter in marriage to him. (See Skanda Purāṇa, Chapters 1, 2 and 42).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aitareya (ऐतरेय).—a. [itarā-ṭhak] Originating from Aitareya.

-yaḥ, -yam A descendant of Itarā (or Itara, a sage) to whom the Aitareya Brāhmaṇa and Āraṇyaka were revealed.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aitareya (ऐतरेय).—[masculine] [Name] of an ancient teacher (lit. descendant of Itarā); [adjective] coming from Aitareya.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Aitareya (ऐतरेय) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—(?) Jones. 411.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aitareya (ऐतरेय):—[from aitara] m. a descendant of Itara or Itarā, Name of Mahidāsa (author of a Brāhmaṇa and Āraṇyaka called after him)

2) [v.s. ...] mfn. composed by Aitareya.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Aitareya (ऐतरेय):—patron. von itara gaṇa śubhrādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 1, 123.] metron. von itarā [Sāyaṇa] in der Einl. zum [Aitareyabrāhmaṇa] mahidāsa aitareyaḥ [Chāndogyopaniṣad 3, 16, 7.] empfängt die Offenbarung des nach ihm benannten [BRĀHMAṆA] und Āraṇyaka (āraṇyakavratarūpaṃ brāhmaṇam) [Sāyaṇa a. a. O.] Davon ein gleichlaut. adj. von Aitareya herrührend: ityaitareye dvitīye āraṇyake caturtho dhyāyaḥ [Aitareyopaniṣad 3, 14] in der Unterschr. Vgl. [Weber’s Indische Studien 1, 389.]

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Aitareya (ऐतरेय):—vgl. mahaitareya .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Aitareya (ऐतरेय):——

1) m. Patron. oder Metron. des Mahidāsa. —

2) Adj. von Aitareya verfasst.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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