Anudatta, Anudātta, Anudāttā: 8 definitions

Introduction

Anudatta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Anudātta (अनुदात्त, “grave”) refers to one of the four accents used in vocal representation (vācika), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 19.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Anudātta (अनुदात्त).—Non-udatta, absence of the acute accent;one of the Bāhyaprayatnas or external efforts to produce sound. This sense possibly refers to a stage or a time when only one accent, the acute or उदात्त (udātta) was recognized just as in English and other languages at present, This udatta was given to only one vowel in a single word (simple or compound) and all the other vowels were uttered accentless.i.e. अनुदात्त (anudātta). Possibly with this idea.in view, the standard rule 'अनुदात्तं पदमे-कवर्जम् (anudāttaṃ padame-kavarjam)'* was laid down by Panini. P.VI.1.158. As, however, the syllable, just preceding the accented (उदात्त (udātta)) syllable, was uttered with a very low tone, it was called अनुदात्ततर (anudāttatara), while if the syllables succeeding the accented syllable showed a gradual fall in case they happened to be consecutive and more than two, the syllable succeeding the उदात्त (udātta) was given a mid-way tone, called स्वरितः (svaritaḥ) cf. उदात्तादनुदात्तस्य स्वरितः (udāttādanudāttasya svaritaḥ). Thus, in the utterance of Vedic hymns the practice of three tones उदात्त, अनुदात्त (udātta, anudātta) and स्वरित (svarita) came in vogue and accordingly they are found defined in all the Prātiśākhya and grammar works;cf. उच्चैरुदात्तः,नीचैरनुदात्तः समाहारः स्वरितः (uccairudāttaḥ, nīcairanudāttaḥ samāhāraḥ svaritaḥ) P.I.2.29-31, T.Pr.I.38-40, V.Pr.I.108-110, Anudātta is defined by the author of the Kāśikāvṛtti as यस्मिन्नुच्चार्यमाणे गात्राणामन्ववसर्गो नाम शिथिलीभवनं भवति, स्वरस्य मृदुता, कण्ठ-विवरस्य उरुता च सः अनुदात्तः (yasminnuccāryamāṇe gātrāṇāmanvavasargo nāma śithilībhavanaṃ bhavati, svarasya mṛdutā, kaṇṭha-vivarasya urutā ca saḥ anudāttaḥ) cf. अन्ववसर्गो मार्दवमुरुता स्वस्येति नीचैःकराणि शब्दस्य (anvavasargo mārdavamurutā svasyeti nīcaiḥkarāṇi śabdasya) M. Bh. on I.2.29,30. Cf. also उदात्तश्चानुदात्तश्च स्वरितश्च त्रयः स्वराः । आयाम-विश्रम्भोक्षपैस्त उच्यन्ते (udāttaścānudāttaśca svaritaśca trayaḥ svarāḥ | āyāma-viśrambhokṣapaista ucyante)Sक्षराश्रयाः ॥ (kṣarāśrayāḥ ||) R. Pr. III.1. The term anudātta is translated by the word 'grave' as opposed to acute' (udātta,) and 'circumflex' (svarita); (2) a term applied to such roots as have their vowel अनुदात्त (anudātta) or grave, the chief characteristic of such roots being the non-admission of the augment इ (i) before an ārdhadhātuka affix placed after them. (See अनिट् (aniṭ),).

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Anudāttā (अनुदात्ता).—A term meaning 'having a grave accent,' used by ancient grammarians.Cf. किमियमेकश्रुतिरुदात्ता उत अनुदात्ता (kimiyamekaśrutirudāttā uta anudāttā) M. Bh.on I. 2.33.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (A) next»] — Anudatta in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Anudātta (अनुदात्त).—One of the five sons created by Pañcajanya for the Pitṛs. (Mahābhārata, Vana Parva, Chapter 220, Verse 10).

2) Anudātta (अनुदात्त).—The fire (Agni) called Pāñcajanya created the elements named Anudāttas. Pāñcajanya generated these elements from his two hands with the help of his spiritual strength (tapaśśakti). (Mahābhārata, Vana Parva, Chapter 220, Verse 10).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

anudātta (अनुदात्त).—m S One of the three accents,--the grave accent.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

anudātta (अनुदात्त).—m One of the three accents–the grave accent.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Anudātta (अनुदात्त).—a. Grave (accent); not elevated or raised (not pronounced with the Udātta accent); उच्चैरुदात्तः नीचैरनुदात्तः (uccairudāttaḥ nīcairanudāttaḥ); accentless, having the neutral, general tone; उदात्तश्चानुदात्तश्च स्वरितश्च त्रयः स्वराः (udāttaścānudāttaśca svaritaśca trayaḥ svarāḥ) uttered with the grave accent (as a vowel); प्रयत्नप्रेरितो वायुर्यदोर्ध्वभागे प्रति- हतोऽचं निष्पादयति स उदात्तः (prayatnaprerito vāyuryadordhvabhāge prati- hato'caṃ niṣpādayati sa udāttaḥ); एवमधोनिष्पन्नोऽच् अनुदात्तः (evamadhoniṣpanno'c anudāttaḥ); ताल्वा- दिषु सभागेषु स्थानेषु नीचभागे निष्पन्नोऽच् अनुदात्तः (tālvā- diṣu sabhāgeṣu sthāneṣu nīcabhāge niṣpanno'c anudāttaḥ); °त्तं पदमेकवर्जम् (ttaṃ padamekavarjam) Sk. (The term anudātta is used by Pāṇini for the grave accent which immediately precedes the Udātta, and also for the general accentless tone neither high nor low, termed ekaśruti, the one monotonous intonation belonging to the generality of syllables in a word).

-ttaḥ The grave accent.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anudātta (अनुदात्त).—[adjective] not elevated or high, low; spoken with the low accent. [masculine] the Anudātta or low accent; tara [masculine] the lower accent (before an Udātta or a Svarita).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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