Udatta, Udātta: 21 definitions

Introduction:

Udatta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Udatt.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Udātta (उदात्त, “acute”) refers to one of the four accents used in vocal representation (vācika), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 19.

2) Udātta (उदात्त) refers to one of the four jātis, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 29. A jāti refers to a combination of the dhātus (roots). The four dhātus relate to different aspects of strokes in playing stringed instruments (tata).

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra, “the udātta relates to the vistāra-dhātus or to many other things”.

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyavilasa of Ciranjiva Bhattacarya (natyashastra)

Udātta (उदात्त) refers to one of the 93 alaṃkāras (“figures of speech”) mentioned by Cirañjīva Bhaṭṭācārya (fl. 17th century) in his Kāvyavilāsa and is listed as one of the 89 arthālaṃkāras (figure of speech determined by the sense, as opposed to sound).—The figure udātta has been admitted first by Bhāmaha (K.A. III/11). Mammaṭa (K.P.X/176) defines udātta. According to Mammaṭa and Ruyyaka, the figure udātta consists in the delineation of the richness or affluence of a thing or the exalted character of great men.

Cirañjīva defines udātta-alaṃkāra as follows—“udāttamṛddhiścaritaṃ ślāghyaṃ cānyopalakṣaṇam”.—The definition given by Jayadeva in his Candrāloka is almost the same (C. L. V/115). According to Cirañjīva when the richness or affluence of things or the exalted character of a person is described by the pretext of delineation of another thing, it is the figure udātta. So here we find two types of udātta which have been admitted by Mammaṭa, Ruyyaka etc.

Example of the udātta-alaṃkāra:—

āgārāṅgaṇadehalīmaṇimahaḥśreṇīsamutsāritasvāntardvāntakule dvijātimahilālīlāvilāsasthale |
gauḍaśrīyaśavantadānakaṇikāsampātasampādite no jānantyupayāntamastamudayaṃ bhāsvantamantaḥ sthitāḥ ||

“The inmates who reside in the palace in which the darkness is dispelled completely by the rays of jewels set in the lower part of the wooden frame of the door the courtyard; which is the place of amorous sports of the kṣatriya women and where the munificence of Yaśavanta, the wealth of Gauḍa is accomplished, do not know the blazing sun which undergo rise and setting”.

Notes: Here the affluence of jewel of the king’s palace is described. So it is the example of first type of the figure udātta.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: archive.org: Uṇādi-Sūtras In The Sanskrit Grammatical Tradition

Udātta (उदात्त).—One of the technical terms which have been used in the uṇādi-sūtras;—Udātta, ‘accent’, is a property of the vowels and consonants do not possess any independent accent. Pāṇini defines udātta in the sūtrauccairudāttaḥ’. This acute accent is the prominent one in a word. This term occurs in about three .

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Udātta (उदात्त).—The acute accent defined by Pāṇini in the words उचैरुदात्तः (ucairudāttaḥ) P.I.2. 29. The word उच्चैः (uccaiḥ) is explained by Patañjali in the words 'आयामो दारुण्यं अणुता स्वस्य इति उचैःकराणि शब्दस्य (āyāmo dāruṇyaṃ aṇutā svasya iti ucaiḥkarāṇi śabdasya)' where आयाम (āyāma) (गात्रनिग्रह (gātranigraha) restriction of the organs), दारुण्य (dāruṇya) (रूक्षता (rūkṣatā) rudeness) and स्वस्य अणुता (svasya aṇutā) (कण्ठस्य संवृतता (kaṇṭhasya saṃvṛtatā) closure of the glottis) are given as specific characteristics of the acute accent. The acute is the prominent accent in a word-a simple word as also a compound word-and when a vowel in a word is possessed of the acute accent, the remaining vowels have the अनुदात्त (anudātta) or the grave accent. Accent is a property of vowels and consonants do not possess any independent accent. They possess the accent of the adjoining vowel connected with it. The acute accert corresponds to what is termed 'accent' in English and other languages.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Kavyashastra (science of poetry)

Source: Shodhganga: Bhismacaritam a critical study

Udātta (उदात्त, “exalted”) refers to one of the various Alaṅkāras (‘figures of speech’) classified as Artha (‘sense’), as employed in the Bhīṣmacarita (Bhishma Charitra) which is a mahākāvya (‘epic poem’) written by Hari Narayan Dikshit.—The poet has skilfully used ‘udātta-alaṅkāra in the poem Bhīṣmacarita. For instance, in I.14 the poet has exalted the status of our country by describing it growing plenty of grains and fruits; and where the light of knowledge is always shining. It is really a wonderful description of India. The other examples are I.12, I.13, I.15, I.16, I.17, etc.

Kavyashastra book cover
context information

Kavyashastra (काव्यशास्त्र, kāvyaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian tradition of poetry (kavya). Canonical literature (shastra) of the includes encyclopedic manuals dealing with prosody, rhetoric and various other guidelines serving to teach the poet how to compose literature.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Udātta (उदात्त) or Udāttaghoṣa refers to “one having a high voice”, representing a desirable characteristic of an astrologer (Jyotiṣa), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 2), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “We shall now proceed to give a brief description of (the qualifications of) a jyotiṣaka. He must be of noble birth and of agreeable appearance; meek, truthful and without jealousy; of proportional limbs; of joints well built and of good growth; have no physical defects; be of fine hands, feet, nails, eyes, chin, teeth, ears, forehead, eye-brows and head; of fine physique and of high, sonorous voice [i.e., udātta-ghoṣa]”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Udatta, (adj.) (Sk. udātta) elevated, high, lofty, clever Nett 7, 118, 123 (= uḷārapañña C.). (Page 133)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

udātta (उदात्त).—a S Open--as a vowel: acute--as the accent: high or sharp--as a tone.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

udātta (उदात्त).—a Lofty, high, noble.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Udātta (उदात्त).—a. [ud-ādā-kta]

1) High, elevated, lofty, exalted, noble; इतश्चोदात्तदन्तानां कुञ्जराणां तरस्विनाम् (itaścodāttadantānāṃ kuñjarāṇāṃ tarasvinām) Rām.2.99.11. उदात्तकुलजातीय उदात्ताभिजनः सदा (udāttakulajātīya udāttābhijanaḥ sadā) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 13. 145.31. °अन्वयैः (anvayaiḥ) K.92; Ratnāvalī 4; sublime; Ve.1.

2) Noble, dignified; अत्युदात्तसुजनश्चन्द्रकेतुः (atyudāttasujanaścandraketuḥ) Uttararāmacarita 6.

3) Generous, bountiful, donor.

4) Famous, illustrious, great; Śiśupālavadha 2.82; ललितोदात्तमहिमा (lalitodāttamahimā) Bv.1.79.

5) Dear, beloved.

6) Highly or acutely accented (as a Svara), see below.

-ttaḥ 1 The acute accent, a high or sharp tone; उच्चैरुदात्तः (uccairudāttaḥ) P.I.2.29; ताल्वादिषु सभागेषु स्थानेषूर्ध्वभागे निष्पन्नोऽनुदात्तः (tālvādiṣu sabhāgeṣu sthāneṣūrdhvabhāge niṣpanno'nudāttaḥ) Sk.; see under अनुदात्त (anudātta) also; निहन्त्यरीनेकपदे य उंदात्तः स्वरानिव (nihantyarīnekapade ya uṃdāttaḥ svarāniva) Śiśupālavadha 2.95.

2) Gift, donation.

3) A kind of musical instrument, a large drum.

4) A variety of the hero; see धीरोदात्त (dhīrodātta).

-ttam (In Rhet.) A figure of speech which describes supermundane prosperity, or an action of one that is great represented collaterally to the subject in hand; लोकातिशयसंपत्तिवर्णनोदात्तमुच्यते । यद्वापि प्रस्तुतस्याङ्गं महतां चरितं भवेत् (lokātiśayasaṃpattivarṇanodāttamucyate | yadvāpi prastutasyāṅgaṃ mahatāṃ caritaṃ bhavet) || S. D.752; cf. also K. P.1; उदात्तं वस्तुनः संपन्महता चोपलक्षणम् (udāttaṃ vastunaḥ saṃpanmahatā copalakṣaṇam).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Udātta (उदात्त).—mfn.

(-ttaḥ-ttā-ttaṃ) 1. Generous, gentle and bountiful. 2. Giving, a donor. 3. Great, illustrious. 4. Dear, beloved. 5. Accented. m.

(-ttaḥ) 1. The acute accent, a high or sharp tone. 2. Gift, donation. 3. A musical instrument, a large drum. 4. An ornament, (in rhetoric) E. ud high, up, and ātta pronounced, sounded; or from to give or have, with āṅ prefixed, affix ktaḥ see anudātta.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Udātta (उदात्त).—see with the prep. ud-ā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Udātta (उदात्त).—[adjective] elevated, high (lit. & [figuratively]), highly or acutely accented, sublime, illustrious, high-minded, generous, haughty, arrogant. [masculine] the high or acute accent.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Udātta (उदात्त):—[=ud-ātta] [from udā-dā] mfn. (for ud-ā-datta) lifted upraised, lofty, elevated, high, [Rāmāyaṇa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] arisen, come forth, [Prabodha-candrodaya]

3) [v.s. ...] highly or acutely accented, [Pāṇini; Nirukta, by Yāska; Ṛgveda-prātiśākhya; Atharvaveda-prātiśākhya] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] high, great, illustrious

5) [v.s. ...] generous, gentle, bountiful

6) [v.s. ...] giving, a donor, [Daśakumāra-carita; Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

7) [v.s. ...] haughty, pompous, [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

8) [v.s. ...] dear, beloved, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] (tara, [Comparative degree] more elevated, more acute)

10) [v.s. ...] m. the acute accent, a high or sharp tone, [Ṛgveda-prātiśākhya; Atharvaveda-prātiśākhya; Pāṇini] etc.

11) [v.s. ...] a gift, donation, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) [v.s. ...] a kind of musical instrument

13) [v.s. ...] a large drum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) [v.s. ...] an ornament or figure of speech in rhetoric, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) [v.s. ...] work, business, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

16) [v.s. ...] n. pompous or showy speech, [Kāvyādarśa; Sāhitya-darpaṇa; Pratāparudrīya]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Udātta (उदात्त):—[udā+tta] (ttaḥ) 1. m. The acute accent; a gift. a. Liberal; great; dear.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Udātta (उदात्त) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Udatta.

[Sanskrit to German]

Udatta in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Udātta (उदात्त) [Also spelled udatt]:—(a) sublime, lofty; acute (accent); hence ~[] (nf).

context information

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Udatta (उदत्त) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Udātta.

2) Udatta (उदत्त) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Udātta.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Udātta (ಉದಾತ್ತ):—

1) [adjective] high; lofty; exalted.

2) [adjective] noble; dignified.

3) [adjective] generous; bountiful; liberal (in donating).

4) [adjective] highly or acutely accented.

--- OR ---

Udātta (ಉದಾತ್ತ):—

1) [noun] = ಉದಾತ್ತನಾಯಕ [udattanayaka].

2) [noun] the acute accent; a sharp note.

3) [noun] (rhet.) a figure of speech which describes super mundane prosperity or an action of one that is great.

4) [noun] (pros.) a meter with 6 syllables in a quarter.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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