Ajirna, Ajīrṇa: 19 definitions


Ajirna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Ajirn.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Rasashastra (Alchemy and Herbo-Mineral preparations)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Ajīrṇa (अजीर्ण) refers to “indegestion”, as defined in the fourth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 4).—Accordingly, “the following are the causes of indigestion (ajīrṇa), which is due to weakness of the digesting heat [i.e., mandāgni]:—Drinking of excessive quantity of water (i.e., water drunk in excess of the quantity required to satisfy thirst), taking of food at irregular hours and in irregular quantities, suppressing calls of nature, and sleeping in day time”.

Indigestion is of four kinds, viz.,

  1. āmājīrṇa (indigestion due to āmā: undigested part of the chyle),
  2. vidagdha-jīrṇa or jaratpitta (putrefaction of the bile),
  3. viṣṭabdhā-jīrṇa (i.e, indigestion attended with flatulence),
  4. rasaśeṣa-jīrṇa (undigested chyle).

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Ajīrṇa (अजीर्ण) refers to that which is “undigested” (i.e., water), as mentioned in a verse sometimes added after 5.18 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “(any) water (is) not, however, to be drunk if water coming from another place (is still) undigested [viz., ajīrṇa], and boiled (water not) if raw (water is still undigested), unboiled  (water) not even if boiled (water is already) digested. This precept (applies only) to (boiled) cold (water); if, however, (boiled) hot (water is still) undigested [viz., ajīrṇa], one shall eschew cold (water altogether). [...]”.

Note: After verse 18d, some manuscripts insert 4½ couplets from Aṣṭāṅgasaṃgraha I.6 (26cd—27, 31, 28—29 of our subsequent numeration), the first 2½ of which are also known to, and commented upon by, Aruṇadatta.

Source: Research Gate: Internal applications of Vatsanabha (Aconitum ferox wall)

Ajīrṇa (अजीर्ण) refers to “indigestion”. Medicinal formulations in the management of this condition include 58 references of Vatsanābha usages. Guṭikā is maximum (49) dosage form in the management of Ajīrṇa. Vatsanābha (Aconitum ferox), although categorized as sthāvara-viṣa (vegetable poisons), has been extensively used in ayurvedic pharmacopoeia.

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Ajīrṇa (अजीर्ण):—Indigestion

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Ajīrṇa (अजीर्ण) refers to “rotten (food)”, according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra, the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “(The disciple) should behave well for a period of eight, five or three years. Otherwise initiation should not be given to him (as) he (would not achieve) success in the Kula teachings. [...]  The evil soul who gets angry with (his) teacher or talks back (disrespectfully) is certainly destroyed as is rotten food (ajīrṇaajīrṇe bhojanaṃ yathā). The disciple must never be angry with his teacher whether in speech, mind or with the actions of (his) body. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

Source: archive.org: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Ajīrṇa (अजीर्ण) refers to “indigestion”, according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, “[...] If hunting is to be altogether prohibited, how can meat, skin, horn and other articles prescribed for sacrifices be obtained? Similarly, by sleeping in the day time, the corporeal body, which is the means for attaining the three great objects of life, is preserved from such diseases as indigestion (ajīrṇa), and so on. [...]”.

Arts book cover
context information

This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ajīrṇa (अजीर्ण).—n (S) ajīrṇavikāra m (S) pop. ajīrṇatā f Indigestion, dyspepsia.

--- OR ---

ajīrṇa (अजीर्ण).—a (S) Undigested. 2 Undecayed, unimpaired, unworn.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ajīrṇa (अजीर्ण).—a Undigested; unworn. Indiges- tion, dyspepsia.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ajīrṇa (अजीर्ण).—a. Undigested; undecomposed.

-rṇam, -rṇiḥ f.

1) Indigestion; अजीर्णे भेषजं वारि जीर्णो वारि बलप्रदम्, अजीर्णो भोजनं बिषम् (ajīrṇe bheṣajaṃ vāri jīrṇo vāri balapradam, ajīrṇo bhojanaṃ biṣam); कैरजीर्णभयाद् भ्रातर्भोजनं परिहीयते (kairajīrṇabhayād bhrātarbhojanaṃ parihīyate) H.2.57, Manusmṛti 4. 121.

2) Vigour, energy, absence of decay.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ajīrṇa (अजीर्ण).—n.

(-rṇaṃ) 1. Flatulency, indigestion. 2. Vigor, absence of old age or decay. mfn.

(-rṇaḥ-rṇā-rṇaṃ) 1. Undigested. 2. Undecayed, unimpaired. E. a neg, and jīrṇa old, digested.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ajīrṇa (अजीर्ण).—[neuter] indigestion.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ajīrṇa (अजीर्ण):—[=a-jīrṇa] mfn. (√jṝ), not decomposed

2) [v.s. ...] unimpaired

3) [v.s. ...] undigested

4) [v.s. ...] n. indigestion.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ajīrṇa (अजीर्ण):—[tatpurusha compound] I. m. f. n.

(-rṇaḥ-rṇā-rṇam) 1) Undigested.

2) Un-decayed, unimpaired. Ii. n.

(-rṇam) 1) Flatulency, indigestion.

2) Vigour, absence of old age or decay. E. a neg. and jīrṇa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ajīrṇa (अजीर्ण):—[a-jīrṇa] (ṇaṃ) 1. n. Flatulence. a. Undigested; undecayed.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Ajīrṇa (अजीर्ण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ainna.

[Sanskrit to German]

Ajirna in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Ajīrṇa (अजीर्ण) [Also spelled ajirn]:—(nm) indigestion (caused by overeating)

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ajīrṇa (ಅಜೀರ್ಣ):—[adjective] not dissolved in the stomach; not digested.

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Ajīrṇa (ಅಜೀರ್ಣ):—

1) [noun] want of digestion; indigestion.

2) [noun] a disorder in the body causing incapacity to digest; dyspepsia.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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