Ajina, Ājina: 23 definitions
Ajina means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)
Ajina (अजिन) refers to “hide”, which is mentioned in verse 3.13 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] Having thereupon bathed according to ritual—with the oil removed by an astringent—,rubbed (one’s body) with musk-charged saffron, (and) fumigated (oneself) with aloe-wood one shall (at last) turn to [...] fresh victuals, lard, (and) sesame-oil; (besides), to tepid water for purification (and) a bed covered with a quilt, hide [viz., ajina], and silk, ramie, or goat’s-hair sheet [...]”.
Note: Ajina (“hide”) denotes “the pleasant-to-touch hairy skin of tigers etc.” (vyāghrādīṇām sukhasparśaṃ romaśaṃ carma Indu). For its counterpart (g)yaṅ-(g)źi or (l)pags-pa (Mahāvyutpatti 6994), the translators have substituted slag-pa “fur-coat”.—peu bslag-pa in X is a corruption.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
Ajina (अजिन) refers to the “hide” (of an elephant), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.27 (“Description of the fraudulent words of the Brahmacārin”).—Accordingly, as Śiva (in guise of a Brahmacārin) said to Pārvatī: “[...] Sandal paste is applied on your body, while the ashes of the funeral pyre on that of Śiva. Where your silken garment and where the elephant-hide [i.e., gaja-ajina] of Śiva. Where the divine ornaments and where the serpents of Śiva? Where the deities that move about and where Śiva, fond of goblins and their oblations? Where the pleasing sound of his tabor? Where His peculiar drum called Damaru? Where the set of fine drums and the inauspicious sound of his horn? [...]”.Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
Ajina (अजिन).—Genealogy From Viṣṇu, Brahmā, Marīci, Kaśyapa, Vaivasvata, Uttānapāda, Dhruva, Śṛṣṭi, Ripu, Cākṣuṣa, Manu, Uru, Aṃga, Vena, Pṛthu, Antardhāna, Havirdhāna and Ajina. Birth. Pṛthu had two sons, Antardhāna and Vādi. Antardhāna had a son, Havirdhāna, by Śikhaṇḍinī. Dhiṣaṇā, who was born in the Agnikula became Havirdhāna’s wife. Six sons were born to them, Prācīnabarhis, Śukra, Gaya, Kṛṣṇa, Vraja and Ajina. (Viṣṇu Purāṇa, Part I, Chapter 14). (See full article at Story of Ajina from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Ajina (अजिन).—A son of Havirdhāna.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 37. 24; Vāyu-purāṇa 63. 23; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 14. 2.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram
Ajīna (अजीन) refers to an “antelope’s hide”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “The teacher (ācārya) in the western house is one who belongs to the sequence of the line (of teachers). (He is) a yogi who, intent on Yoga, observes the Rule. Free of duality and thought constructs, he is intent on the practice of ritual union. He eats what he has begged and, free of aversion, he is pure and intent on the practice of chastity. Established in Bhairavī’s vow, he is born from the womb of a Yoginī. He wears an antelope’s hide and white clothes [i.e., ajīna-śvetavastra]. [...]”.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects
Ajina (अजिन).—This word denotes generally the skin of an animal—e.g., a gazelle, as well as that of a goat (aja). The use of skins as clothing is shown by the adjective ‘clothed in skins’ (ajina-vāsin) in the Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa (iii. 9. 1. 2), and the furrier’s trade is mentioned in the Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā. The Maruts also wear deer-skins, and the wild ascetics (muni) of a late Rigveda hymn6 seem to be clad in skins (mala).
General definition (in Jainism)Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism
Ājina (आजिन) is the shorter name of Ājinadvīpa, one of the continents (dvīpa) of the middle-world (madhyaloka) which is encircled by the ocean named Ājinasamudra (or simply Ājina), according to Jain cosmology. The middle-world contains innumerable concentric dvīpas and, as opposed to the upper-world (adhaloka) and the lower-world (ūrdhvaloka), is the only world where humans can be born.
Ājina is recorded in ancient Jaina canonical texts dealing with cosmology and geography of the universe. Examples of such texts are the Saṃgrahaṇīratna in the Śvetāmbara tradition or the Tiloyapannatti and the Trilokasāra in the Digambara tradition.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
ajina : (m.) a cheetah, i.e. a long limbed beast of cat family with tawny fur and black spots. (ptsd) gives the meaning "black antilope" but the Sinhalese term "andum diviyā" shows that it is a kind of leopard. nt. its hide.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Ajina, (nt.) (Vedic ajina, to aja, orig. goats’skin) the hide of the black antelope, worn as a garment by ascetics D.I, 167; Sn.1027; J.I, 12, 53; IV, 387; V, 407. kharājina a rough skin (as garment) M.I, 343; S.IV, 118; A.II, 207; Sn.249 (= kharāni a°-cammāni SnA 291). dantājina? ivory (q. v.).
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
ajina (अजिन).—n S A hide (esp. of an antelope) used as a bed or seat by the religious student.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
ajina (अजिन) [-kṛṣṇājina, -कृष्णाजिन].—n A hide of an antelope used as a bed or seat.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Ajina (अजिन).—[ajati kṣipati raja ādi āvaraṇena; aj-inac, ajeraja ca Uṇ.2.48, vībhāvabādhanārtham]
1) the (hairy) skin of a tiger, lion, elephant &c. especially of a black antelope (used as a seat, garment &c.); अथाजिनाषाढधरः (athājināṣāḍhadharaḥ) Ku.5.3, गजाजिनं शोणितबिन्दुवर्षि च (gajājinaṃ śoṇitabinduvarṣi ca) 67, Ki.11.15; ऐणेयेनाजिनेन ब्राह्मणं रौरवेण क्षत्रियम् अजिनेन वैश्यम् (aiṇeyenājinena brāhmaṇaṃ rauraveṇa kṣatriyam ajinena vaiśyam) Āśval.
2) A sort of leather bag or bellows.
Derivable forms: ajinam (अजिनम्).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-naṃ) A hide used as a seat, bed, &c. by the religious student; generally the hide of an antelope. E. aja to go, and the Unadi aff. inac.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Ajina (अजिन).— (perhaps derived from 2 aja), n. The hide of any animal, particularly of the black antelope, used as a covering, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 64, as purse, [Daśakumāracarita] 191, 16.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Ajina (अजिन).—[neuter] hide, [especially] of a goat or antelope.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Ajina (अजिन):—n. (probably at first the skin of a goat, aja)
2) the hairy skin of an antelope, especially a black antelope (which serves the religious student for a couch seat, covering etc.)
3) the hairy skin of a tiger, etc.
4) m. Name of a descendant of Pṛthu, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Ajina (अजिन):—I. n.
(-nam) The hide of a tiger, lion &c., but more especially of the antilope or the black species of it (see ajinayoni and kṛṣṇājina) and particularly appropriated to the religious student as a garment, seat, bed &c. Ii. m.
(-naḥ) The name of a descendant of Pṛthu, the son of Havirdhāna by Dhiṣaṇā. E. aj, uṇ. aff. inac; but it would seem that I. is derived from aja, with taddh. aff. inac.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Ajina (अजिन):—(naṃ) 1. n. A hide used to sit upon by ascetics.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Prakrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary
Ajiṇa (अजिण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Ajina.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
1) [noun] the hairy skin of an antelope or a tiger.
2) [noun] the skin, in general.
3) [noun] the tree Terminalia tomentosa of Combretaceae family.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+12): Ajinadayaka, Ajinadhari, Ajinadvipa, Ajinaka, Ajinakhipa, Ajinakkhipa, Ajinambara, Ajinapatra, Ajinapatre, Ajinapatri, Ajinapatrika, Ajinapatta, Ajinapattra, Ajinapattri, Ajinapattrika, Ajinapaveni, Ajinaphala, Ajinappaveni, Ajinaratna, Ajinasamdha.
Ends with (+30): Adajina, Anantajina, Bastajina, Bhajina, Dandajina, Dantajina, Ekanajina, Enajina, Gajajina, Gajina, Garddabhajina, Gaurajina, Harinajina, Jatajina, Kalajina, Kanhajina, Karajina, Karshnajina, Khajina, Khalajina.
Full-text (+52): Ajinayoni, Ajinavasin, Ajinaphala, Ajinapatra, Ajinasandha, Nirajina, Ajinapattra, Ajiniya, Krishnajina, Enajina, Mrigajina, Kalajina, Ajinapatri, Jinayoni, Aina, Dandajina, Ajinapattrika, Ajinapattri, Ajinaratna, Ainaga.
Search found 13 books and stories containing Ajina, Ājina, Ajiṇa; (plurals include: Ajinas, Ājinas, Ajiṇas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Puranic encyclopaedia (by Vettam Mani)
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Shrimad Bhagavad-gita (by Narayana Gosvami)
Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara (Study) (by Debabrata Barai)
Part 8.7 - The region of Uttarāpatha (northern part) < [Chapter 5 - Analyasis and Interpretations of the Kāvyamīmāṃsā]
Sankhayana-grihya-sutra (by Hermann Oldenberg)
The Great Chronicle of Buddhas (by Ven. Mingun Sayadaw)