Ajina, Ājina: 25 definitions


Ajina means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Images (photo gallery)

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Ajina (अजिन) refers to “hide”, which is mentioned in verse 3.13 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] Having thereupon bathed according to ritual—with the oil removed by an astringent—,rubbed (one’s body) with musk-charged saffron, (and) fumigated (oneself) with aloe-wood one shall (at last) turn to [...] fresh victuals, lard, (and) sesame-oil; (besides), to tepid water for purification (and) a bed covered with a quilt, hide [viz., ajina], and silk, ramie, or goat’s-hair sheet [...]”.

Note: Ajina (“hide”) denotes “the pleasant-to-touch hairy skin of tigers etc.” (vyāghrādīṇām sukhasparśaṃ romaśaṃ carma Indu). For its counterpart (g)yaṅ-(g)źi or (l)pags-pa (Mahāvyutpatti 6994), the translators have substituted slag-pa “fur-coat”.—peu bslag-pa in X is a corruption.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Discover the meaning of ajina in the context of Ayurveda from relevant books on Exotic India

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Ajina (अजिन) refers to the “hide” (of an elephant), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.27 (“Description of the fraudulent words of the Brahmacārin”).—Accordingly, as Śiva (in guise of a Brahmacārin) said to Pārvatī: “[...] Sandal paste is applied on your body, while the ashes of the funeral pyre on that of Śiva. Where your silken garment and where the elephant-hide [i.e., gaja-ajina] of Śiva. Where the divine ornaments and where the serpents of Śiva? Where the deities that move about and where Śiva, fond of goblins and their oblations? Where the pleasing sound of his tabor? Where His peculiar drum called Damaru? Where the set of fine drums and the inauspicious sound of his horn? [...]”.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Ajina (अजिन).—Genealogy From Viṣṇu, Brahmā, Marīci, Kaśyapa, Vaivasvata, Uttānapāda, Dhruva, Śṛṣṭi, Ripu, Cākṣuṣa, Manu, Uru, Aṃga, Vena, Pṛthu, Antardhāna, Havirdhāna and Ajina. Birth. Pṛthu had two sons, Antardhāna and Vādi. Antardhāna had a son, Havirdhāna, by Śikhaṇḍinī. Dhiṣaṇā, who was born in the Agnikula became Havirdhāna’s wife. Six sons were born to them, Prācīnabarhis, Śukra, Gaya, Kṛṣṇa, Vraja and Ajina. (Viṣṇu Purāṇa, Part I, Chapter 14). (See full article at Story of Ajina from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Ajina (अजिन).—A son of Havirdhāna.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 37. 24; Vāyu-purāṇa 63. 23; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 14. 2.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of ajina in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Ajīna (अजीन) refers to an “antelope’s hide”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “The teacher (ācārya) in the western house is one who belongs to the sequence of the line (of teachers). (He is) a yogi who, intent on Yoga, observes the Rule. Free of duality and thought constructs, he is intent on the practice of ritual union. He eats what he has begged and, free of aversion, he is pure and intent on the practice of chastity. Established in Bhairavī’s vow, he is born from the womb of a Yoginī. He wears an antelope’s hide and white clothes [i.e., ajīna-śvetavastra]. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

Discover the meaning of ajina in the context of Shaktism from relevant books on Exotic India

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Ajina (अजिन) refers to the “antilope-skin” (of one’s Guru) , according to the 13th-century Matsyendrasaṃhitā: a Kubjikā-Tripurā oriented Tantric Yoga text of the Ṣaḍanvayaśāmbhava tradition from South India.—Accordingly, “After this, O Śivā, hear the exposition of the Kula Conduct. After he has joined the tradition of the Siddhas, he should worship his guru as divine. The Yogin who is engaged in the worship of his guru can obtain the highest Power. The guru’s bedstead, his bedding, clothes, ornaments, sandals, parasol, antilope-skin (ajina), bowl or anything else: if he touches any of these with his feet, he should place them on his head and recite [mantras] eight times. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

Discover the meaning of ajina in the context of Shaivism from relevant books on Exotic India

General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Ajina (अजिन).—This word denotes generally the skin of an animal—e.g., a gazelle, as well as that of a goat (aja). The use of skins as clothing is shown by the adjective ‘clothed in skins’ (ajina-vāsin) in the Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa (iii. 9. 1. 2), and the furrier’s trade is mentioned in the Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā. The Maruts also wear deer-skins, and the wild ascetics (muni) of a late Rigveda hymn6 seem to be clad in skins (mala).

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Ājina (आजिन) is the shorter name of Ājinadvīpa, one of the continents (dvīpa) of the middle-world (madhyaloka) which is encircled by the ocean named Ājinasamudra (or simply Ājina), according to Jain cosmology. The middle-world contains innumerable concentric dvīpas and, as opposed to the upper-world (adhaloka) and the lower-world (ūrdhvaloka), is the only world where humans can be born.

Ājina is recorded in ancient Jaina canonical texts dealing with cosmology and geography of the universe. Examples of such texts are the Saṃgrahaṇīratna in the Śvetāmbara tradition or the Tiloyapannatti and the Trilokasāra in the Digambara tradition.

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Ajina (अजिन) refers to “skin”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “In this world, fool, how could the body, which is covered in a mass of skin (ajina-paṭala-gūḍha), a skeleton of bones, excessively filled with the smells of a stinking corpse, sitting in the mouth of Yama, the abode of the serpent-lord of disease, be for the pleasure of men? [Thus ends the reflection on] impurity”.

Synonyms: Carman.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Discover the meaning of ajina in the context of General definition from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

ajina : (m.) a cheetah, i.e. a long limbed beast of cat family with tawny fur and black spots. (ptsd) gives the meaning "black antilope" but the Sinhalese term "andum diviyā" shows that it is a kind of leopard. nt. its hide.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Ajina, (nt.) (Vedic ajina, to aja, orig. goats’skin) the hide of the black antelope, worn as a garment by ascetics D.I, 167; Sn.1027; J.I, 12, 53; IV, 387; V, 407. kharājina a rough skin (as garment) M.I, 343; S.IV, 118; A.II, 207; Sn.249 (= kharāni a°-cammāni SnA 291). dantājina? ivory (q. v.).

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Discover the meaning of ajina in the context of Pali from relevant books on Exotic India

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ajina (अजिन).—n S A hide (esp. of an antelope) used as a bed or seat by the religious student.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ajina (अजिन) [-kṛṣṇājina, -कृष्णाजिन].—n A hide of an antelope used as a bed or seat.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of ajina in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ajina (अजिन).—[ajati kṣipati raja ādi āvaraṇena; aj-inac, ajeraja ca Uṇādi-sūtra 2.48, vībhāvabādhanārtham]

1) the (hairy) skin of a tiger, lion, elephant &c. especially of a black antelope (used as a seat, garment &c.); अथाजिनाषाढधरः (athājināṣāḍhadharaḥ) Kumārasambhava 5.3, गजाजिनं शोणितबिन्दुवर्षि च (gajājinaṃ śoṇitabinduvarṣi ca) 67, Kirātārjunīya 11.15; ऐणेयेनाजिनेन ब्राह्मणं रौरवेण क्षत्रियम् अजिनेन वैश्यम् (aiṇeyenājinena brāhmaṇaṃ rauraveṇa kṣatriyam ajinena vaiśyam) Āśval.

2) A sort of leather bag or bellows.

Derivable forms: ajinam (अजिनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ajina (अजिन).—n.

(-naṃ) A hide used as a seat, bed, &c. by the religious student; generally the hide of an antelope. E. aja to go, and the Unadi aff. inac.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ajina (अजिन).— (perhaps derived from 2 aja), n. The hide of any animal, particularly of the black antelope, used as a covering, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 64, as purse, [Daśakumāracarita] 191, 16.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ajina (अजिन).—[neuter] hide, [especially] of a goat or antelope.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ajina (अजिन):—n. (probably at first the skin of a goat, aja)

2) the hairy skin of an antelope, especially a black antelope (which serves the religious student for a couch seat, covering etc.)

3) the hairy skin of a tiger, etc.

4) m. Name of a descendant of Pṛthu, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ajina (अजिन):—I. n.

(-nam) The hide of a tiger, lion &c., but more especially of the antilope or the black species of it (see ajinayoni and kṛṣṇājina) and particularly appropriated to the religious student as a garment, seat, bed &c. Ii. m.

(-naḥ) The name of a descendant of Pṛthu, the son of Havirdhāna by Dhiṣaṇā. E. aj, uṇ. aff. inac; but it would seem that I. is derived from aja, with taddh. aff. inac.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ajina (अजिन):—(naṃ) 1. n. A hide used to sit upon by ascetics.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Ajina (अजिन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Aiṇa, Ajiṇa, Āīṇa, Āīṇaga, Jīṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Ajina in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of ajina in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Ajiṇa (अजिण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Ajina.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

Discover the meaning of ajina in the context of Prakrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ajina (ಅಜಿನ):—

1) [noun] the hairy skin of an antelope or a tiger.

2) [noun] the skin, in general.

3) [noun] the tree Terminalia tomentosa of Combretaceae family.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

Discover the meaning of ajina in the context of Kannada from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Related products

Help me keep this site Ad-Free

For over a decade, this site has never bothered you with ads. I want to keep it that way. But I humbly request your help to keep doing what I do best: provide the world with unbiased truth, wisdom and knowledge.

Let's make the world a better place together!

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: