Ajina, Ājina: 18 definitions



Ajina means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Ajina (अजिन) refers to “hide”, which is mentioned in verse 3.13 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] Having thereupon bathed according to ritual—with the oil removed by an astringent—,rubbed (one’s body) with musk-charged saffron, (and) fumigated (oneself) with aloe-wood one shall (at last) turn to [...] fresh victuals, lard, (and) sesame-oil; (besides), to tepid water for purification (and) a bed covered with a quilt, hide [viz., ajina], and silk, ramie, or goat’s-hair sheet [...]”.

Note: Ajina (“hide”) denotes “the pleasant-to-touch hairy skin of tigers etc.” (vyāghrādīṇām sukhasparśaṃ romaśaṃ carma Indu). For its counterpart (g)yaṅ-(g)źi or (l)pags-pa (Mahāvyutpatti 6994), the translators have substituted slag-pa “fur-coat”.—peu bslag-pa in X is a corruption.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Ajina (अजिन).—Genealogy From Viṣṇu, Brahmā, Marīci, Kaśyapa, Vaivasvata, Uttānapāda, Dhruva, Śṛṣṭi, Ripu, Cākṣuṣa, Manu, Uru, Aṃga, Vena, Pṛthu, Antardhāna, Havirdhāna and Ajina. Birth. Pṛthu had two sons, Antardhāna and Vādi. Antardhāna had a son, Havirdhāna, by Śikhaṇḍinī. Dhiṣaṇā, who was born in the Agnikula became Havirdhāna’s wife. Six sons were born to them, Prācīnabarhis, Śukra, Gaya, Kṛṣṇa, Vraja and Ajina. (Viṣṇu Purāṇa, Part I, Chapter 14). (See full article at Story of Ajina from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Ajina (अजिन).—A son of Havirdhāna.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 37. 24; Vāyu-purāṇa 63. 23; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 14. 2.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Ajina (अजिन).—This word denotes generally the skin of an animal—e.g., a gazelle, as well as that of a goat (aja). The use of skins as clothing is shown by the adjective ‘clothed in skins’ (ajina-vāsin) in the Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa (iii. 9. 1. 2), and the furrier’s trade is mentioned in the Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā. The Maruts also wear deer-skins, and the wild ascetics (muni) of a late Rigveda hymn6 seem to be clad in skins (mala).

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Ājina (आजिन) is the shorter name of Ājinadvīpa, one of the continents (dvīpa) of the middle-world (madhyaloka) which is encircled by the ocean named Ājinasamudra (or simply Ājina), according to Jain cosmology. The middle-world contains innumerable concentric dvīpas and, as opposed to the upper-world (adhaloka) and the lower-world (ūrdhvaloka), is the only world where humans can be born.

Ājina is recorded in ancient Jaina canonical texts dealing with cosmology and geography of the universe. Examples of such texts are the Saṃgrahaṇīratna in the Śvetāmbara tradition or the Tiloyapannatti and the Trilokasāra in the Digambara tradition.

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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

ajina : (m.) a cheetah, i.e. a long limbed beast of cat family with tawny fur and black spots. (ptsd) gives the meaning "black antilope" but the Sinhalese term "andum diviyā" shows that it is a kind of leopard. nt. its hide.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Ajina, (nt.) (Vedic ajina, to aja, orig. goats’skin) the hide of the black antelope, worn as a garment by ascetics D.I, 167; Sn.1027; J.I, 12, 53; IV, 387; V, 407. kharājina a rough skin (as garment) M.I, 343; S.IV, 118; A.II, 207; Sn.249 (= kharāni a°-cammāni SnA 291). dantājina? ivory (q. v.).

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ajina (अजिन).—n S A hide (esp. of an antelope) used as a bed or seat by the religious student.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ajina (अजिन) [-kṛṣṇājina, -कृष्णाजिन].—n A hide of an antelope used as a bed or seat.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ajina (अजिन).—[ajati kṣipati raja ādi āvaraṇena; aj-inac, ajeraja ca Uṇ.2.48, vībhāvabādhanārtham]

1) the (hairy) skin of a tiger, lion, elephant &c. especially of a black antelope (used as a seat, garment &c.); अथाजिनाषाढधरः (athājināṣāḍhadharaḥ) Ku.5.3, गजाजिनं शोणितबिन्दुवर्षि च (gajājinaṃ śoṇitabinduvarṣi ca) 67, Ki.11.15; ऐणेयेनाजिनेन ब्राह्मणं रौरवेण क्षत्रियम् अजिनेन वैश्यम् (aiṇeyenājinena brāhmaṇaṃ rauraveṇa kṣatriyam ajinena vaiśyam) Āśval.

2) A sort of leather bag or bellows.

Derivable forms: ajinam (अजिनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ajina (अजिन).—n.

(-naṃ) A hide used as a seat, bed, &c. by the religious student; generally the hide of an antelope. E. aja to go, and the Unadi aff. inac.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ajina (अजिन).— (perhaps derived from 2 aja), n. The hide of any animal, particularly of the black antelope, used as a covering, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 64, as purse, [Daśakumāracarita] 191, 16.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ajina (अजिन).—[neuter] hide, [especially] of a goat or antelope.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ajina (अजिन):—n. (probably at first the skin of a goat, aja)

2) the hairy skin of an antelope, especially a black antelope (which serves the religious student for a couch seat, covering etc.)

3) the hairy skin of a tiger, etc.

4) m. Name of a descendant of Pṛthu, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ajina (अजिन):—(naṃ) 1. n. A hide used to sit upon by ascetics.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Ajina (अजिन):—

--- OR ---

Ajina (अजिन):—[Uṇādisūtra 2, 48.]

2) ein lederner Sack, - Beutel: ratna eine Perle von einem solchen Beutel [Daśakumāracarita] in [Benfey’ Chrestomathie aus Sanskritwerken 191, 16]; vgl. carmaratnabhastrikā [189, 2.] ratnabhūtā carmabhastrikā [19.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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