Jirna, Jīrṇā, Jīrṇa: 9 definitions

Introduction

Jirna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Jīrṇā (जीर्णा) is another name for the second variety of Vṛddhadāruka, a medicinal plant identified with either a) Argyreia nervosa (synonym Argyreia speciosa or Hawaiian baby woodrose or elephant creeper) or b) Merremia peltata (synonym Ipomoea petaloidea), both from the Convolvulaceae or “moring glory family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.117-119 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Jīrṇā and Vṛddhadāruka, there are a total of fourteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Vaidyavallabha: An Authoritative Work on Ayurveda Therapeutics

Jīrṇa (जीर्ण) or Jīrṇajvara refers to “chronic fever”, and is dealt with in the 17th-century Vaidyavallabha (chapter 6) written by Hastiruci.—The Vaidyavallabha is a work which deals with the treatment and useful for all 8 branches of Ayurveda. The text Vaidyavallabha has been designed based on the need of the period of the author, availability of drugs during that time, disease (viz., jīrṇa-jvara) manifesting in that era, socio-economical-cultural-familial-spiritual-aspects of that period Vaidyavallabha.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: HereNow4u: Lord Śrī Mahāvīra

Jīrṇa (जीर्ण) is the name of a garden visited by Mahāvīra during his thirteenth year of spiritual-exertion.—In the middle of the 13th year on the tenth day of the bright fortnight of Vaiśākha month in the afternoon, the Lord was in meditation under a Śala tree in the Jīrṇa garden by the banks of the river Jṛmbhikā outside the village Jṛmbhikā. At that time, ascending the accelerated path of annihilating the obscuring karmas (kṣapakaśreṇī) with a fast without water and in the second stage of pure (Śukla) meditation; the Lord destroyed the four obscuring karmas, namely, deluding, intuition obscuring, knowledge obscuring and interference producing under Uttarāphālgunī constellation, and achieve pure intuition and pure knowledge i.e. became an Arhanta and omniscient.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

jīrṇa (जीर्ण).—a (S) Old and wasted; infirm or decayed; worn out--an animal or a thing. 2 Digested--food.

--- OR ---

jīrṇa (जीर्ण) [or जीर्णज्वर, jīrṇajvara].—m S A slow and continual fever; a hectic fever.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

jīrṇa (जीर्ण).—a Old and wasted, worn out. Digested–food.

--- OR ---

jīrṇa (जीर्ण).—m A hectic fever.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jīrṇa (जीर्ण).—p. p. [jṝ-kta]

1) Old, ancient.

2) Worn out, ruined, wasted, decayed, tattered (as clothes); वासांसि जीर्णानि यथा विहाय (vāsāṃsi jīrṇāni yathā vihāya) Bg.2.22; U.6.38; Māl.5.3.

3) Digested; सुजीर्णमन्नं सुविचक्षणः सुतः (sujīrṇamannaṃ suvicakṣaṇaḥ sutaḥ) H.1.22.

-rṇaḥ 1 An old man.

2) A tree.

3) Cumin-seed.

-ṇā Large cuminseed.

-rṇam 1 Benzoin.

2) Old age, decrepitude.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jīrṇa (जीर्ण).—mfn.

(-rṇaḥ-rṇā-rṇaṃ) 1. Old, ancient. 2. Withered decayed. 3. Digested. m.

(-rṇaḥ) 1. An old man. 2. Cumin seed. n.

(-rṇaṃ) Benjamin. E. E. jṝ to become old or decayed, affix kta.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jīrṇa (जीर्ण).—[adjective] decayed, infirm, old, frail, dry; [neuter] digestion; also = seq.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Jīrṇa (जीर्ण):—[from jīra] mfn. ([Pāṇini 3-2, 104]) old, worn out, withered, wasted, decayed, [Atharva-veda x, 8, 27; Taittirīya-saṃhitā i; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] ancient (tradition), [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra [Scholiast or Commentator]]

3) [v.s. ...] digested, [Mahābhārata iii, 8623; Rāmāyaṇa; Harivaṃśa] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] m. an old man, [Horace H. Wilson]

5) [v.s. ...] (= jarṇa), a tree, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] = raṇa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] n. old, age,, decrepitude, [Rājataraṅgiṇī iii, 316]

8) [v.s. ...] ‘digestion’ See -śakti

9) [v.s. ...] benjamin, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) Jīrṇā (जीर्णा):—[from jīrṇa > jīra] f. large cumin-seed, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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