Jirna, Jīrṇā, Jīrṇa: 22 definitions


Jirna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Jirn.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Jīrṇā (जीर्णा) is another name for the second variety of Vṛddhadāruka, a medicinal plant identified with either a) Argyreia nervosa (synonym Argyreia speciosa or Hawaiian baby woodrose or elephant creeper) or b) Merremia peltata (synonym Ipomoea petaloidea), both from the Convolvulaceae or “moring glory family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.117-119 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Jīrṇā and Vṛddhadāruka, there are a total of fourteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Vaidyavallabha: An Authoritative Work on Ayurveda Therapeutics

Jīrṇa (जीर्ण) or Jīrṇajvara refers to “chronic fever”, and is dealt with in the 17th-century Vaidyavallabha (chapter 6) written by Hastiruci.—The Vaidyavallabha is a work which deals with the treatment and useful for all 8 branches of Ayurveda. The text Vaidyavallabha has been designed based on the need of the period of the author, availability of drugs during that time, disease (viz., jīrṇa-jvara) manifesting in that era, socio-economical-cultural-familial-spiritual-aspects of that period Vaidyavallabha.

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Jīrṇa (जीर्ण) refers to “unused” (wells) or “dilapidated” (buildings), as taught in the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Agadatantra or Sarpavidyā).—The Kāśyapasaṃhitā mentions that snake-bites that happen in certain places [like an unused well (jīrṇa-kūpa) or dilapidated buildings (jīrṇa-prākāra)] are highly inimical to the victim.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Jīrṇa (जीर्ण) refers to “old” (e.g., an old blanket), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “(The Śāmbhava yogi) has the authority (to perform the rites), knows the scripture and has a consort. [...] The observance of the teacher’s dictates is his vow. He resides in a mountain cave. Having established his space, he fasts and eats roots and bulbs. He is a regular initiate and eats what he has begged from houses. He is a yogi who lives in the forest. Free of duality and craving, he is intent on practicing Yoga at night. Free of being and non-being, he is wrapped in an old blanket [i.e., jīrṇa-kanthā-avaguṇṭhita]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Jīrṇa (जीर्ण) refers to “(being) digested”, according to the Īśvarapratyabhijñāvivṛtivimarśinī (KSTS vol. 65, 327–331).—Accordingly, “When, further, these elements of prāṇa, body, etc., [already] penetrated by the elixir of Awareness, are thoroughly permeated [by it], they are [then] ‘digested’ (jīrṇa) like the element of gold [is by mercury], by which [process] their purifier, the ‘liquefied essence’ [of Awareness] as it were, alone remains—then that too is the state Beyond the Fourth”.

Note: [Jīrṇa here stands in for jāraṇa, one of the sixteen rasa-saṃskāras (alchemical processes)].—The [above] process goes like this: having inundated/penetrated (viddha) the objective layers of self-hood (body etc.) with the “elixir” of one’s ultimate nature (i.e., saṃvid-rasa, autonomous dynamic consciousness), the “gold” hidden within them is extracted, i.e. their dependence on consciousness as their substrate is revealed. When those layers have become completely permeated (abhiniviṣṭaabhiniviṣṭo'tyantaṃ), through, one presumes, further spiritual practice, all trace of their objectivity (and the saṃskāras thereof) is “worn away” or “digested” (jīrṇa) by the elixir of consciousness—as mercury eats up gold flakes—which thus becomes a single unitary mass of awareness (‘prakāśa-ghanam eva saṃvidrūpam’, cited infra).

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Jīrṇa (जीर्ण) refers to “digestion”, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 19.94cd-99ab, while describing the ritual that protect the king and his kingdom]—“[...] Great sleep, who bewilders the world, is there. For the king’s well-being at night and for his digestion (jīrṇa-artha) when he eats, etc., this worship should continue [throughout the night] by the order of the God of Gods. Then [the king] should sleep the entire night. He should remain at ease, free of the dangers of Yakṣas, Rakṣas, Pisācas, fear of disrupted sleep—which bring about Mātṛs—and trembling from those afflictions”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (kavya)

Jīrṇa (जीर्ण) refers to a “withered (mendicant)”, according to Bāṇa’s Kādambarī (p. 226).—There are apparently several Tantric rites that Bāṇa pejoratively associates with the priest: [...] “he had written down the [work known as ] the ‘Doctrine of Mahākāla’ instructed to him by a withered Mahāpāśupata mendicant”; “he was one in whom the disease of talking about [finding] treasure had arisen”; “in him the wind [disease] of alchemy had grown”; “he entertained the deluded desire of becoming the lover of a Yakṣa maiden”.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: HereNow4u: Lord Śrī Mahāvīra

Jīrṇa (जीर्ण) is the name of a garden visited by Mahāvīra during his thirteenth year of spiritual-exertion.—In the middle of the 13th year on the tenth day of the bright fortnight of Vaiśākha month in the afternoon, the Lord was in meditation under a Śala tree in the Jīrṇa garden by the banks of the river Jṛmbhikā outside the village Jṛmbhikā. At that time, ascending the accelerated path of annihilating the obscuring karmas (kṣapakaśreṇī) with a fast without water and in the second stage of pure (Śukla) meditation; the Lord destroyed the four obscuring karmas, namely, deluding, intuition obscuring, knowledge obscuring and interference producing under Uttarāphālgunī constellation, and achieve pure intuition and pure knowledge i.e. became an Arhanta and omniscient.

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Jīrṇa (जीर्ण) refers to “worn out” (bondage), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “That very same [thing], by which the karmas, being the seeds of birth, are worn out, is said [to be] wearing away karma by those who have subdued their senses whose bondage is worn out (jīrṇa-bandhana). On account of the difference between what is intentional and unintentional, wearing awaykarma has two varieties which are the cause for cutting off the many chains produced by actions”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Jirna in India is the name of a plant defined with Anisochilus carnosus in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Plectranthus strobiliferus Roxb. (among others).

2) Jirna is also identified with Rivea hypocrateriformis.

3) Jirna is also identified with Rivea ornata It has the synonym Convolvulus ocellatus var. ornatus (Engler) A. Meeuse (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Bombay Fl.: (1861)
· Edwards’s Botanical Register
· Fl. Bombay (1908)
· Phil. J. Sci. (1912)
· Hortus Bengalensis (1814)
· Flora Indica, or ‘Descriptions of Indian Plants’ ed. 2 (1832)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Jirna, for example health benefits, chemical composition, side effects, extract dosage, pregnancy safety, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

jīrṇa (जीर्ण).—a (S) Old and wasted; infirm or decayed; worn out--an animal or a thing. 2 Digested--food.

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jīrṇa (जीर्ण) [or जीर्णज्वर, jīrṇajvara].—m S A slow and continual fever; a hectic fever.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

jīrṇa (जीर्ण).—a Old and wasted, worn out. Digested–food.

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jīrṇa (जीर्ण).—m A hectic fever.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jīrṇa (जीर्ण).—p. p. [jṝ-kta]

1) Old, ancient.

2) Worn out, ruined, wasted, decayed, tattered (as clothes); वासांसि जीर्णानि यथा विहाय (vāsāṃsi jīrṇāni yathā vihāya) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 2.22; Uttararāmacarita 6.38; Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 5.3.

3) Digested; सुजीर्णमन्नं सुविचक्षणः सुतः (sujīrṇamannaṃ suvicakṣaṇaḥ sutaḥ) H.1.22.

-rṇaḥ 1 An old man.

2) A tree.

3) Cumin-seed.

-ṇā Large cuminseed.

-rṇam 1 Benzoin.

2) Old age, decrepitude.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jīrṇa (जीर्ण).—mfn.

(-rṇaḥ-rṇā-rṇaṃ) 1. Old, ancient. 2. Withered decayed. 3. Digested. m.

(-rṇaḥ) 1. An old man. 2. Cumin seed. n.

(-rṇaṃ) Benjamin. E. E. jṝ to become old or decayed, affix kta.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jīrṇa (जीर्ण).—[adjective] decayed, infirm, old, frail, dry; [neuter] digestion; also = seq.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Jīrṇa (जीर्ण):—[from jīra] mfn. ([Pāṇini 3-2, 104]) old, worn out, withered, wasted, decayed, [Atharva-veda x, 8, 27; Taittirīya-saṃhitā i; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] ancient (tradition), [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra [Scholiast or Commentator]]

3) [v.s. ...] digested, [Mahābhārata iii, 8623; Rāmāyaṇa; Harivaṃśa] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] m. an old man, [Horace H. Wilson]

5) [v.s. ...] (= jarṇa), a tree, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] = raṇa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] n. old, age,, decrepitude, [Rājataraṅgiṇī iii, 316]

8) [v.s. ...] ‘digestion’ See -śakti

9) [v.s. ...] benjamin, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) Jīrṇā (जीर्णा):—[from jīrṇa > jīra] f. large cumin-seed, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jīrṇa (जीर्ण):—[(rṇaḥ-rṇā-rṇaṃ) a.] Old; decayed; digested. m. An old man; cumin seed. n. Benjamin.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Jīrṇa (जीर्ण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Jiṇṇa, Jīraṇa, Juṇṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Jirna in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Jīrṇa (जीर्ण) [Also spelled jirn]:—(a) time-worn, decayed, decrepit; old, chronic; —[jvara] chronic fever; hence ~[] (nf); —[vastra] worn-out/tattered cloth; -[śīrṇa] tattered, worn and torn.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Jīrṇa (ಜೀರ್ಣ):—

1) [adjective] having lived or been in existence for a long time; aged; old; ancient.

2) [adjective] feeble; enfeebled; weak.

3) [adjective] reduced to or fallen into pieces or into disrepair, as from age, wear or neglect; dilapidated.

4) [adjective] decayed; spoiled; rotten.

5) [adjective] (said of food) digested; assimilated in the body.

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Jīrṇa (ಜೀರ್ಣ):—

1) [noun] the ripe age in one’s life; old age.

2) [noun] an old man.

3) [noun] a being dissolved.

4) [noun] the act or process of (food) being digested, assimilated in the body.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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