Udanavarga [sanskrit]

by W. Woodville Rockhill | 1892 | 13,101 words

The Udanavarga is a collection of Sanskrit verses representing aphorisms attributed to the Buddha and his disciples. The Udanavarga resembles the Pali Dhammapada and Udana, yet it belong the ancient tradition of early Buddhism. Alternative titles: Udānavarga (उदानवर्ग).

सर्वे सत्त्वा मरिष्यन्ति मरणान्तं हि जीवितम् ।
यथा कर्म गमिष्यन्ति पुण्य पाप फल उपगाः ॥ २३ ॥

sarve sattvā mariṣyanti maraṇāntaṃ hi jīvitam |
yathā karma gamiṣyanti puṇya pāpa phala upagāḥ || 23 ||

The English translation of Verse 1.23 is contained in the book Udanavarga by W. Woodville Rockhill. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

English translation by W. Woodville Rockhill (1892)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.23). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Sarva, Sattva, Marishyat, Marishyanti, Marananta, Jivita, Yatha, Karman, Punya, Papa, Phala, Upaga,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Verse 1.23). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “sarve sattvā mariṣyanti maraṇāntaṃ hi jīvitam
  • sarve -
  • sarva (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [locative single]
    sarva (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    sarvā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • sattvā* -
  • sattva (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • mariṣyanti -
  • mṛ -> mariṣyat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative plural from √mṛ class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √mṛ class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √mṛ class 1 verb], [nominative plural from √mṛ class 6 verb], [vocative plural from √mṛ class 6 verb], [accusative plural from √mṛ class 6 verb]
    mṛ -> mariṣyantī (participle, feminine)
    [vocative single from √mṛ class 1 verb], [vocative single from √mṛ class 6 verb]
    mṝ -> mariṣyat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative plural from √mṝ class 9 verb], [vocative plural from √mṝ class 9 verb], [accusative plural from √mṝ class 9 verb]
    mṝ -> mariṣyantī (participle, feminine)
    [vocative single from √mṝ class 9 verb]
    mṛ (verb class 1)
    [future active third plural]
    mṛ (verb class 6)
    [future active third plural]
    mṝ (verb class 9)
    [future active third plural]
  • maraṇāntam -
  • maraṇānta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    maraṇānta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    maraṇāntā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • hi -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • jīvitam -
  • jīvita (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    jīvita (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    jīvitā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    jīv -> jīvita (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √jīv class 1 verb]
    jīv -> jīvita (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √jīv class 1 verb], [accusative single from √jīv class 1 verb]
  • Line 2: “yathā karma gamiṣyanti puṇya pāpa phala upagāḥ
  • yathā -
  • yathā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    yathā (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yathā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • karma -
  • karman (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • gamiṣyanti -
  • gam (verb class 1)
    [future active third plural]
    gam (verb class 2)
    [future active third plural]
    gam (verb class 3)
    [future active third plural]
  • puṇya -
  • puṇya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    puṇya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    puṇ -> puṇya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √puṇ]
    puṇ -> puṇya (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √puṇ class 10 verb]
    puṇ -> puṇya (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √puṇ class 10 verb]
  • pāpa -
  • pāpa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pāpa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • phala* -
  • phala (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • upagāḥ -
  • upaga (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    upagā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
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