Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 14.26

सत्स्वप्यन्येषु दुःखेषु दुःखं यत्र विशेषतः ।
परस्परविरोधाच्च पराधीनतयैव च ॥ २६ ॥

satsvapyanyeṣu duḥkheṣu duḥkhaṃ yatra viśeṣataḥ |
parasparavirodhācca parādhīnatayaiva ca || 26 ||

'And with all these other miseries there is an especial misery arising from mutual enmity and from subjection to a master.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (14.26). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Sat, Sad, Api, Apya, Anya, Duhkha, Duhkham, Yatra, Visheshatah, Visheshatas, Paraspara, Virodha, Paradhinata,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 14.26). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line1: “satsvapyanyeṣu duḥkheṣu duḥkhaṃ yatra viśeṣataḥ
  • satsva -
  • sat (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
    sat (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]
    sad (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
    sad (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]
  • apya -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    apya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • anyeṣu -
  • anya (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]
  • duḥkheṣu -
  • duḥkha (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
    duḥkha (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]
  • duḥkham -
  • duḥkham (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    duḥkha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    duḥkha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    duḥkhā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • yatra -
  • yatra (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yatra (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    yatra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    yatra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • viśeṣataḥ -
  • viśeṣataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    viśeṣatas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • Line2: “parasparavirodhācca parādhīnatayaiva ca
  • paraspara -
  • paraspara (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    paraspara (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    paraspara (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • virodhāc -
  • virodha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • parādhīnatayai -
  • parādhīnatā (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 14.26

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

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