Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 14.25

वाह्यन्ते गजभूताश्च बलीयांसो ऽपि दुर्बलैः ।
अङ्कुशक्लिष्टमूर्धानस्ताडिताः पादपार्ष्णिभिः ॥ २५ ॥

vāhyante gajabhūtāśca balīyāṃso 'pi durbalaiḥ |
aṅkuśakliṣṭamūrdhānastāḍitāḥ pādapārṣṇibhiḥ || 25 ||

'They are driven along, when born as elephants, by weaker creatures than themselves for all their strength,—their heads tormented by the hook and their bodies kicked by foot and heel.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (14.25). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Gaja, Bhuta, Baliyas, Api, Durbala, Ankusha, Klishtam, Klishta, Dhana, Tadita, Pada, Parshni,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 14.25). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line1: “vāhyante gajabhūtāśca balīyāṃso 'pi durbalaiḥ
  • vāhyante -
  • vāh (verb class 1)
    [present passive third plural]
    vah (verb class 0)
    [present passive third plural]
  • gaja -
  • gaja (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    gaj (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • bhūtāś -
  • bhūta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    bhūtā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • balīyāṃso' -
  • balīyas (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • durbalaiḥ -
  • durbala (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    durbala (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • Line2: “aṅkuśakliṣṭamūrdhānastāḍitāḥ pādapārṣṇibhiḥ
  • aṅkuśa -
  • aṅkuśa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    aṅkuśa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kliṣṭam -
  • kliṣṭam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kliṣṭa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kliṣṭa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    kliṣṭā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    kliś -> kliṣṭa (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √kliś class 4 verb], [accusative single from √kliś class 9 verb]
    kliś -> kliṣṭa (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √kliś class 4 verb], [accusative single from √kliś class 4 verb], [nominative single from √kliś class 9 verb], [accusative single from √kliś class 9 verb]
  • ūr -
  • ū (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single], [vocative single]
    ū (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single], [vocative single]
  • dhānas -
  • dhāna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tāḍitāḥ -
  • tāḍita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    tāḍitā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    taḍ -> tāḍita (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √taḍ], [vocative plural from √taḍ]
    taḍ -> tāḍitā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √taḍ], [vocative plural from √taḍ], [accusative plural from √taḍ]
  • pāda -
  • pāda (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • pārṣṇibhiḥ -
  • pārṣṇi (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 14.25

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

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