Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 13.72

द्रवति सपरपक्षे निर्जिते पुष्पकेतौ जयति जिततमस्के नीरजस्के महार्षौ ।
युवतिरिव सहासा द्यौश्चकाशे सचन्द्रा सुरभि च जलगर्भं पुष्पवर्षं पपात ॥ ७२ ॥

dravati saparapakṣe nirjite puṣpaketau jayati jitatamaske nīrajaske mahārṣau |
yuvatiriva sahāsā dyauścakāśe sacandrā surabhi ca jalagarbhaṃ puṣpavarṣaṃ papāta || 72 ||

When the flower-armed god thus fled away vanquished with his hostile forces and the passionless sage remained victorious, having conquered all the power of darkness, the heavens shone out with the moon like a maiden with a smile, and a sweet-smelling shower of flowers fell down wet with dew.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (13.72). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Dravat, Sapara, Paksha, Pakshi, Nirjita, Nirjiti, Pushpaketu, Jayat, Jita, Nirajaska, Maharshi, Yuvati, Iva, Sahasa, Div, Dyau, Candra, Surabhi, Surabhin, Jalagarbha, Pushpavarsha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 13.72). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “dravati saparapakṣe nirjite puṣpaketau jayati jitatamaske nīrajaske mahārṣau
  • dravati -
  • dravat (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    dravat (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    dru (verb class 1)
    [present active third single]
  • sapara -
  • sapara (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • pakṣe -
  • pakṣa (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    pakṣa (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    pakṣā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    pakṣi (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    pakṣ (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single]
  • nirjite -
  • nirjita (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    nirjita (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    nirjitā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    nirjiti (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
  • puṣpaketau -
  • puṣpaketu (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • jayati -
  • jayati (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    jayat (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    jayat (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    ji -> jayat (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √ji class 1 verb]
    ji -> jayat (participle, neuter)
    [locative single from √ji class 1 verb]
    ji (verb class 1)
    [present active third single]
  • jita -
  • jita (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    jita (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ji -> jita (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √ji class 1 verb], [vocative single from √ji class 9 verb]
    ji -> jita (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √ji class 1 verb], [vocative single from √ji class 9 verb]
  • ta -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tan (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
  • maske -
  • mask (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single]
  • nīrajaske -
  • nīrajaska (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    nīrajaska (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    nīrajaskā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • mahārṣau -
  • mahārṣi (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • Line 2: “yuvatiriva sahāsā dyauścakāśe sacandrā surabhi ca jalagarbhaṃ puṣpavarṣaṃ papāta
  • yuvatir -
  • yuvati (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • iva -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • sahāsā* -
  • sahāsa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    sahāsā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • dyauś -
  • div (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single], [vocative single]
    dyau (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single], [vocative single]
  • cakāśe -
  • kāś (verb class 1)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
    kāś (verb class 4)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • candrā -
  • candrā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • surabhi -
  • surabhi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    surabhi (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    surabhī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    surabhin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    surabhin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • jalagarbham -
  • jalagarbha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    jalagarbha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    jalagarbhā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • puṣpavarṣam -
  • puṣpavarṣa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    puṣpavarṣa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • papāta -
  • (verb class 3)
    [imperative active second plural]
    pat (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    pat (verb class 4)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 13.72

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

Buy now!
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