Nirjita: 13 definitions


Nirjita means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Nirjita (निर्जित, “conquered”) refers to one of the sixty defects of mantras, according to the 11th century Kulārṇava-tantra: an important scripture of the Kaula school of Śāktism traditionally stated to have consisted of 125.000 Sanskrit verses.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Śrī Devī: “For those who do japa without knowing these defects [e.g., nirjita—conquered], there is no realization even with millions and billions of japa. [...] Oh My Beloved! there are ten processes for eradicating defects in Mantras as described. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Nirjita (निर्जित) refers to “triumph” (e.g., triumph over one’s enemy), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 12), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “[...] I will now speak of the rules of the arghya (offering) to be presented to Agastya as stated by the Ṛṣis. [...] The offering to be made by princes in honour of Agastya shall consist of the fragrant flowers of the season, of fruits, of precious stones, of gold cloths, of cows, of bulls, of well-cooked rice, of sweet-meats, of curdled milk, of coloured rice, of perfumed smoke and fragrant paste. A prince making this offering, with a truly devout spirit, on every occasion of the reappearance of the star Canopus for 7 years will be freed from disease, will triumph over his enemies [i.e., nirjita-arāti-pakṣa] and will become the sole ruler of the Earth”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Nirjita (निर्जित) refers to “(having been) defeated”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.4.9 (“Boasting of Tāraka”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā said to Kumāra (son of Śiva): “[...] Formerly Indra and the guardians of the quarters had been conquered by him. Due to the power of his penance, the heroic Viṣṇu too has been threatened by him. The entire universe of the three worlds has been defeated (nirjita) by this wicked Asura. Now, because of your presence, they have fought again. Hence, O son of Śiva, this sinful being Tāraka shall be killed by you. Due to the boon granted by me he cannot be slain by any one else. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nirjita (निर्जित).—p S Utterly conquered or subdued. Ex. tē buddhisākṣitvēṃ nirjita kēlī tuṃvāci ||.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

nirjita (निर्जित).—p Utterly conquered or subdued.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nirjita (निर्जित).—p. p.

1) Conquered completely, vanquished.

2) Acquired, gained, won.

3) Claimed; स दत्त्वा निर्जितां वृद्धिं करणे परिवर्तयेत् (sa dattvā nirjitāṃ vṛddhiṃ karaṇe parivartayet) Manusmṛti 8.154.

-indriyaḥ a saint.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Nirjita (निर्जित).—seemingly born (Régamey suggests a blend of nirjāta with nirmita): dharmeṇa kāyu nirjito Samādhirājasūtra 22.34 (verse), see s.v. dharmakāya (2). So Tibetan, skyes pa, and according to Régamey Chin.; the meaning seems almost necessary; forced and improbable would be the (sc. material) body is conquered (suppressed) by dharma (in the state of the dharmakāya); compare dharmanirjāto…dharmakāyaḥ 22.9 (prose).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirjita (निर्जित).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Conquered, subdued, overcome. 2. Won, gained. 3. Unconquered. E. nir affirmative or neg. prefix, jita conquered.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nirjita (निर्जित):—[=nir-jita] [from nir-ji] mfn. conquered, subdued, gained, won, [ib.]

2) [v.s. ...] claimed id est. due (as interest on money), [Manu-smṛti viii, 154]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirjita (निर्जित):—[nir-jita] (taḥ-tā-taṃ) a. Conquered, won; unconquered.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Nirjita (निर्जित) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ṇijjia.

[Sanskrit to German]

Nirjita in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Nirjita (ನಿರ್ಜಿತ):—[adjective] won; conquered.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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