Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 9.42

इत्यात्मविज्ञानगुणानुरूपं मुक्तस्पृहं हेतुमदूर्जितं च ।
श्रुत्वा नरेन्द्रात्मजमुक्तवन्तं प्रत्युत्तरं मन्त्रधरो ऽप्युवाच ॥ ४२ ॥

ityātmavijñānaguṇānurūpaṃ muktaspṛhaṃ hetumadūrjitaṃ ca |
śrutvā narendrātmajamuktavantaṃ pratyuttaraṃ mantradharo 'pyuvāca || 42 ||

Having heard the king's son uttering this discourse, well suitable to his virtues and knowledge of the soul, freed from all desires, full of sound reasons, and weighty,—the counsellor thus made answer:

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (9.42). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Itya, Vijnana, Guna, Uru, Mukta, Spriha, Hetumat, Urjitam, Urjita, Narendra, Uktavat, Pratyuttara, Mantradhara, Api,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 9.42). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “ityātmavijñānaguṇānurūpaṃ muktaspṛhaṃ hetumadūrjitaṃ ca
  • ityāt -
  • itya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    itya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    i -> itya (participle, masculine)
    [ablative single from √i class 2 verb]
    i -> itya (participle, neuter)
    [ablative single from √i class 2 verb]
  • ma -
  • ma (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ma (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vijñāna -
  • vijñāna (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • guṇān -
  • guṇa (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • urū -
  • uru (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    uru (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    uru (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • ūpam -
  • ūpā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • mukta -
  • mukta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    mukta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    muc -> mukta (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √muc class 6 verb]
    muc -> mukta (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √muc class 6 verb]
    muc -> mukta (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √muc class 1 verb]
    muc -> mukta (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √muc class 1 verb]
    muj -> mukta (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √muj class 1 verb]
    muj -> mukta (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √muj class 1 verb]
  • spṛham -
  • spṛhā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    spṛha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    spṛha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • hetumad -
  • hetumat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    hetumat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • ūrjitam -
  • ūrjitam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    ūrjita (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ūrjita (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    ūrjitā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    ūrj -> ūrjita (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √ūrj class 1 verb], [accusative single from √ūrj class 2 verb], [accusative single from √ūrj class 7 verb]
    ūrj -> ūrjita (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √ūrj class 1 verb], [accusative single from √ūrj class 1 verb], [nominative single from √ūrj class 2 verb], [accusative single from √ūrj class 2 verb], [nominative single from √ūrj class 7 verb], [accusative single from √ūrj class 7 verb]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • Line 2: “śrutvā narendrātmajamuktavantaṃ pratyuttaraṃ mantradharo 'pyuvāca
  • śrutvā -
  • śru -> śrutvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √śru]
  • narendrāt -
  • narendra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • ma -
  • ma (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ma (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • jam -
  • ja (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ja (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • uktavantam -
  • uktavat (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vac -> uktavat (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √vac class 2 verb], [accusative single from √vac class 3 verb]
  • pratyuttaram -
  • pratyuttara (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • mantradharo' -
  • mantradhara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • apyu -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    api (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • uvāca -
  • vac (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    vac (verb class 3)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 9.42

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

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