Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 9.43

यो निश्चयो मन्त्रवरस्तवायं नायं न युक्तो न तु कालयुक्तः ।
शोकाय हित्वा पितरं वयःस्थं स्याद्धर्मकामस्य हि ते न धर्मः ॥ ४३ ॥

yo niścayo mantravarastavāyaṃ nāyaṃ na yukto na tu kālayuktaḥ |
śokāya hitvā pitaraṃ vayaḥsthaṃ syāddharmakāmasya hi te na dharmaḥ || 43 ||

'This resolve of thine is an excellent counsel, not unfit in itself but only unfit at the present time; it could not be thy duty, loving duty as thou dost, to leave thy father in his old age to sorrow.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (9.43). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yah, Nishcaya, Mantra, Avara, Yushmad, Aya, Idam, Naya, Yukta, Kalayukta, Shoka, Hitva, Hitvan, Pitri, Vayahstha, Syat, Sya, Harman, Kama, Tad, Dharma,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 9.43). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “yo niścayo mantravarastavāyaṃ nāyaṃ na yukto na tu kālayuktaḥ
  • yo* -
  • yaḥ (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    ya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • niścayo* -
  • niścaya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • mantra -
  • mantṛ (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    mantra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • avaras -
  • avara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    vṛ (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active second single]
  • tavā -
  • yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [genitive single]
  • ayam -
  • aya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    idam (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • nāyam -
  • nāya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • yukto* -
  • yukta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    yuj -> yukta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √yuj class 7 verb]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • kālayuktaḥ -
  • kālayukta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “śokāya hitvā pitaraṃ vayaḥsthaṃ syāddharmakāmasya hi te na dharmaḥ
  • śokāya -
  • śoka (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    śoka (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
  • hitvā -
  • hitvā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    dhā -> hitvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √dhā]
    dhā -> hitvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √dhā]
    dhā -> hitvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √dhā]
    dhā -> hitvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √dhā]
    hi -> hitvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √hi]
    hitvan (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • pitaram -
  • pitṛ (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • vayaḥstham -
  • vayaḥstha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vayaḥstha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    vayaḥsthā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • syāddh -
  • syāt (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    syāt (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    as (verb class 2)
    [optative active third single]
  • harma -
  • harman (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • kāmasya -
  • kāma (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    kāma (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • hi -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • dharmaḥ -
  • dharma (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 9.43

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

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