Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 9.41

जाम्बूनदं हर्म्यमिव प्रदीप्तं विषेण संयुक्तमिवोत्तमान्नम् ।
ग्राहाकुलं चाम्ब्विव सारविन्दं राज्यं हि रम्यं व्यसनाश्रयं च ॥ ४१ ॥

jāmbūnadaṃ harmyamiva pradīptaṃ viṣeṇa saṃyuktamivottamānnam |
grāhākulaṃ cāmbviva sāravindaṃ rājyaṃ hi ramyaṃ vyasanāśrayaṃ ca || 41 ||

'The golden palace seems to me to be on fire; the daintiest viands seem mixed with poison; infested with crocodiles [is the tranquil lotus-bed].'

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (9.41). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Jambunada, Harmya, Iva, Pradipta, Visha, Vishena, Samyuktam, Samyukta, Uttama, Graha, Akula, Ambu, Sara, Vinda, Rajya, Ramya, Vyasana,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 9.41). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “jāmbūnadaṃ harmyamiva pradīptaṃ viṣeṇa saṃyuktamivottamānnam
  • jāmbūnadam -
  • jāmbūnada (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    jāmbūnada (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    jāmbūnadā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • harmyam -
  • harmya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    harmya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    harmyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • iva -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • pradīptam -
  • pradīpta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    pradīpta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    pradīptā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • viṣeṇa -
  • viṣeṇa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    viṣeṇa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    viṣa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    viṣa (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • saṃyuktam -
  • saṃyuktam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    saṃyukta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    saṃyukta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    saṃyuktā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • ivo -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • uttamānn -
  • uttama (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • am -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    e (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “grāhākulaṃ cāmbviva sāravindaṃ rājyaṃ hi ramyaṃ vyasanāśrayaṃ ca
  • grāhā -
  • grāha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    grāha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • akulam -
  • akula (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    akula (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    akulā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ambvi -
  • ambu (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ambu (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    ambu (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • iva -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • sāra -
  • sāra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sāra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vindam -
  • vinda (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vinda (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    vindā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • rājyam -
  • rājya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    rājya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    rājyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    rāj -> rājya (participle, masculine)
    [adverb from √rāj]
    rāj -> rājya (participle, neuter)
    [adverb from √rāj]
    rāj -> rājyā (participle, feminine)
    [adverb from √rāj]
    rāj -> rājya (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √rāj class 1 verb], [accusative single from √rāj]
    rāj -> rājya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √rāj class 1 verb], [accusative single from √rāj class 1 verb], [nominative single from √rāj], [accusative single from √rāj]
  • hi -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • ramyam -
  • ramya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ramya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    ramyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    ram -> ramya (participle, masculine)
    [adverb from √ram]
    ram -> ramya (participle, neuter)
    [adverb from √ram]
    ram -> ramyā (participle, feminine)
    [adverb from √ram]
    ram -> ramya (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √ram class 1 verb], [accusative single from √ram]
    ram -> ramya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √ram class 1 verb], [accusative single from √ram class 1 verb], [nominative single from √ram], [accusative single from √ram]
  • vyasanā -
  • vyasana (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • aśrayam -
  • śri (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active first single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 9.41

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

Buy now!
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