Spriha, Spṛhā: 15 definitions

Introduction:

Spriha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Spṛhā can be transliterated into English as Sprha or Spriha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Spraha.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Spṛha (स्पृह) refers to “desires”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “(A true practitioner) is a hero (vīra) who exerts himself and is courageous. He is content, devoted to the teacher, not greedy, compassionate, industrious, self-controlled, of good appearance, sāttvika, deep, all his limbs are intact (and) active, he knows (true) devotion and the scriptures and crosses over into (higher) realities. He is devoted to the transmission which is free of thought (nirvikalpakrama), he eats what he has begged and is desireless [i.e., vigata-spṛha]. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Spṛha (स्पृह) refers to “desire”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.12.—Accordingly, after Śiva spoke to Himācala (i.e., Himālaya): “Speaking these and many other similar things to the lord of mountains, lord Śiva the great Yogin, stopped. On hearing these ruthless words of Śiva free from sickness and desire [i.e., niḥ-spṛha], the father of Pārvatī became nervous, O celestial sage, and a little agitated. But he kept quiet. On hearing the words of the ascetic and finding her father, the lord of the mountains, frightened, Pārvatī bowed to Śiva and spoke these words clearly”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Spṛhā (स्पृहा) (Cf. Vāñchā) refers to a “desire” (for the world), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Is one not disturbed by [family] attachments? Is this body not cut down by diseases? Does death not open its mouth? Do calamities not do harm every day? Are hells not dreadful? Are not sensual pleasures deceiving like a dream? Because of which, having discarded one’s own benefit, you have a desire (spṛhā) for the world which is like a city of Kiṃnaras”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

spṛhā (स्पृहा).—f S A desire or wish.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

spṛhā (स्पृहा).—f A desire or wish.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Spṛhā (स्पृहा).—[spṛh-añ] Desire, eager desire, ardent wish, longing, envy, covetousness; कथमन्ये करिष्यन्ति पुत्रेभ्यः पुत्रिणः स्पृहाम् (kathamanye kariṣyanti putrebhyaḥ putriṇaḥ spṛhām) V.3.29; R.8.34.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Spṛhā (स्पृहा).—f.

(-hā) Wish, desire. E. spṛh to wish, aṅ and ṭāp affs.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Spṛhā (स्पृहा).—[spṛh + ā], f. Wish, desire, [Hitopadeśa] ii. [distich] 121; [Pañcatantra] 131, 19 (read spṛhāṃ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Spṛhā (स्पृहा).—[feminine] desire, longing for, delight in ([genetive], [locative], or —°); envy.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Spṛhā (स्पृहा):—[from spṛh] f. (ifc. f(ā). ) eager desire, desire, covetousness, envy, longing for, pleasure or delight in ([dative case], [genitive case] [locative case], or [compound]; [accusative] with √kṛ or bandh, ‘to long for, be desirous of [loc. or [compound]]’; with √kṛ, ‘to envy any one [loc.]’), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] a kind of plant ([varia lectio] spṛśā), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Spṛha (स्पृह):—(ka) spṛhayati 10. a. To wish, to long for.

2) Spṛhā (स्पृहा):—(hā) 1. f. Wish, desire.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Spṛhā (स्पृहा) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Chihā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Spriha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Spṛhā (स्पृहा) [Also spelled spraha]:—(nf) covetousness, craving; hence [spṛhṛ] see [spṛhaṇīya].

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Spṛhā (स्पृहा):—n. desire; eager desire; ardent wish; longing; envy; covetousness; craving;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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