Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 9.7

तस्मात्ततस्तावुपलभ्य तत्त्वं तं विप्रमामन्त्त्य तदैव सद्यः ।
खिन्नावखिन्नाविव राजपुत्रः प्रसस्रतुस्तेन यतः स यातः ॥ ७ ॥

tasmāttatastāvupalabhya tattvaṃ taṃ vipramāmanttya tadaiva sadyaḥ |
khinnāvakhinnāviva rājaputraḥ prasasratustena yataḥ sa yātaḥ || 7 ||

Then they two, having understood the true state of things, bade that Brahman at once farewell, and wearied though they were, went on as if they were unwearied, thither whither the prince was gone.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (9.7). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tasmat, Tad, Tatah, Tata, Upalabhya, Tattva, Tada, Sadyah, Sadya, Sadyas, Khinna, Akhinna, Iva, Rajaputra, Sras, Tena, Yatah, Yat, Yata, Yatri,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 9.7). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tasmāttatastāvupalabhya tattvaṃ taṃ vipramāmanttya tadaiva sadyaḥ
  • tasmāt -
  • tasmāt (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single]
  • tatas -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • tāvu -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
  • upalabhya -
  • upalabhya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    upalabhya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tattvam -
  • tattva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • tam -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    tan (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • Cannot analyse vipramāmanttya*ta
  • tadai -
  • tadā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tadā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tadā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tada (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tada (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tadā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • sadyaḥ -
  • sadyaḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sadyas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    sadya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “khinnāvakhinnāviva rājaputraḥ prasasratustena yataḥ sa yātaḥ
  • khinnāva -
  • khinna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    khid -> khinna (participle, masculine)
    [nominative dual from √khid class 4 verb], [vocative dual from √khid class 4 verb], [accusative dual from √khid class 4 verb], [nominative dual from √khid class 6 verb], [vocative dual from √khid class 6 verb], [accusative dual from √khid class 6 verb], [nominative dual from √khid class 7 verb], [vocative dual from √khid class 7 verb], [accusative dual from √khid class 7 verb]
  • akhinnāvi -
  • akhinna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • iva -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • rājaputraḥ -
  • rājaputra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • prasa -
  • pras (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • srat -
  • sras (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single], [vocative single]
    sras (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • us -
  • u (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • tena -
  • tena (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ta (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    tan (verb class 8)
    [perfect active second plural]
    tan (verb class 4)
    [perfect active second plural]
    tan (verb class 1)
    [perfect active second plural]
  • yataḥ -
  • yataḥ (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    yat (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    yat (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    yata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    i -> yat (participle, masculine)
    [accusative plural from √i class 2 verb], [ablative single from √i class 2 verb], [genitive single from √i class 2 verb]
    i -> yat (participle, neuter)
    [ablative single from √i class 2 verb], [genitive single from √i class 2 verb]
    yam -> yata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √yam class 1 verb]
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • yātaḥ -
  • yāt (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    yāt (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    yāta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    -> yāta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √ class 2 verb]
    yātṛ (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    yātṛ (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    (verb class 2)
    [present active third dual]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 9.7

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

Buy now!
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