Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 8.77

सुवर्णनिष्ठीविनि मृत्युना हृते सुदुष्करं यन्न ममार सृञ्जयः ।
अहं पुनर्धर्मरतौ सुते गते ऽमुमुक्षुरात्मानमनात्मवानिव ॥ ७७ ॥

suvarṇaniṣṭhīvini mṛtyunā hṛte suduṣkaraṃ yanna mamāra sṛñjayaḥ |
ahaṃ punardharmaratau sute gate 'mumukṣurātmānamanātmavāniva || 77 ||

'When Suvarnanishthivin was carried away by death, it seemed impossible that Srimgaya should not die; and shall I, when my duty-loving son is gone, fear to set my soul free, like any coward?

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (8.77). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Suvarna, Nishthivi, Nishthivin, Mrityu, Hrit, Hrita, Hriti, Sudushkara, Yat, Srinjaya, Aha, Asmad, Punar, Dharmarata, Dharmarati, Sut, Suta, Suti, Gat, Gata, Gati, Adah, Uksh, Rat, Mana, Anatmavat, Iva,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 8.77). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “suvarṇaniṣṭhīvini mṛtyunā hṛte suduṣkaraṃ yanna mamāra sṛñjayaḥ
  • suvarṇa -
  • suvarṇa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    suvarṇa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • niṣṭhīvini -
  • niṣṭhīvī (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    niṣṭhīvin (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    niṣṭhīvin (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • mṛtyunā -
  • mṛtyu (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • hṛte -
  • hṛt (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    hṛt (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
    hṛta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    hṛta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    hṛtā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    hṛti (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    hṛ -> hṛta (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √hṛ class 1 verb]
    hṛ -> hṛta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √hṛ class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √hṛ class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √hṛ class 1 verb], [locative single from √hṛ class 1 verb]
    hṛ -> hṛtā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative dual from √hṛ class 1 verb], [vocative single from √hṛ class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √hṛ class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √hṛ class 1 verb]
  • suduṣkaram -
  • suduṣkara (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    suduṣkara (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    suduṣkarā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • yann -
  • yat (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    i -> yat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √i class 2 verb], [vocative single from √i class 2 verb]
  • a -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • mamāra -
  • mṛ (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    mṛ (verb class 6)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    mṝ (verb class 9)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • sṛñjayaḥ -
  • sṛñjaya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “ahaṃ punardharmaratau sute gate 'mumukṣurātmānamanātmavāniva
  • aham -
  • aha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    asmad (pronoun, none)
    [nominative single]
  • punar -
  • punar (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    punar (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • dharmaratau -
  • dharmarata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    dharmarati (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    dharmarati (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
  • sute -
  • sut (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    sut (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
    suta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    suta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    sutā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    suti (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    su -> suta (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √su class 5 verb]
    su -> suta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √su class 5 verb], [vocative dual from √su class 5 verb], [accusative dual from √su class 5 verb], [locative single from √su class 5 verb]
    su -> sutā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative dual from √su class 5 verb], [vocative single from √su class 5 verb], [vocative dual from √su class 5 verb], [accusative dual from √su class 5 verb]
    -> suta (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √ class 6 verb]
    -> suta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √ class 6 verb], [vocative dual from √ class 6 verb], [accusative dual from √ class 6 verb], [locative single from √ class 6 verb]
    -> sutā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative dual from √ class 6 verb], [vocative single from √ class 6 verb], [vocative dual from √ class 6 verb], [accusative dual from √ class 6 verb]
    -> suta (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √ class 2 verb]
    -> suta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √ class 2 verb], [vocative dual from √ class 2 verb], [accusative dual from √ class 2 verb], [locative single from √ class 2 verb]
    -> sutā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative dual from √ class 2 verb], [vocative single from √ class 2 verb], [vocative dual from √ class 2 verb], [accusative dual from √ class 2 verb]
    su (verb class 2)
    [present middle third single]
  • gate' -
  • gat (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    gat (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
    gata (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    gata (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    gatā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    gati (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    gati (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
  • amum -
  • adaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • ukṣu -
  • ukṣ (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
    ukṣ (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]
  • rāt -
  • ra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    ra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    -> rāt (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √ class 2 verb], [vocative single from √ class 2 verb], [accusative single from √ class 2 verb]
  • mānam -
  • māna (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    māna (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    man -> māna (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √man class 4 verb], [accusative single from √man class 8 verb]
    man -> māna (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √man class 4 verb], [accusative single from √man class 4 verb], [nominative single from √man class 8 verb], [accusative single from √man class 8 verb]
  • anātmavān -
  • anātmavat (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • iva -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 8.77

Cover of edition (2003)

The Buddha-Carita By Asvaghosa or Acts of Buddha
by E. B. Cowell (2003)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

Buy now!
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