Hrita, Hṛta, Hrīta: 13 definitions

Introduction:

Hrita means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Hṛta can be transliterated into English as Hrta or Hrita, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Hrat.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Hṛta (हृत) means “to take away” (i.e., to deprive others of their property), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 8), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “In the twelvth yuga sacred to god Bhāga (Sun), the first year is known as Dundubhi; the crops will thrive well. [...] The last year of the last yuga is Kṣaya; there will then be much rain in the land; the Brāhmins will be afflicted with fear and farmers will prosper. The Vaiśyas and Śūdras will be happy as also persons that deprive others of their property [i.e., para-sva-hṛta]. Thus have been described briefly the effects of the sixty years of Jupiter’s cycle”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Universität Wien: Sudarśana's Worship at the Royal Court According to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā

Hṛta (हृत) refers to “having been deprived (of one’s kingdom)”, according to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā, belonging to the Pāñcarātra tradition which deals with theology, rituals, iconography, narrative mythology and others.—Accordingly, “One desirous of a kingdom, one who has been deprived of it (hṛta-rājya) or one conquered by [other] rulers, after having paid respect with large masses of wealth to the supreme Guru, the giver of Sudarśana’s Yantra, considering [him] superior to all, should propitiate God Nārāyaṇa - who has large eyes like lotuses, is [of] dark [complexion], clad in a yellow garment, adorned with all ornaments and with four arms - following the rules given by the teacher. [...]”.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

hṛta (हृत).—p S Borne off; taken away; seized from.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

hṛta (हृत).—p Borne off; seized from.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Hṛta (हृत).—p. p. [hṛ-kta]

1) Taken or carried away.

2) Seized.

3) Captivated.

4) Accepted.

5) Divided; see हृ (hṛ).

-tam A portion, share.

--- OR ---

Hrīta (ह्रीत).—p. p.

1) Ashamed; तत्रैव दुश्चरितमद्य निवेदयन्ती ह्रीणासि पापहृदये न सखीजनेऽस्मिन् (tatraiva duścaritamadya nivedayantī hrīṇāsi pāpahṛdaye na sakhījane'smin) Ve.2.12; ह्रीतमिव नभसि वीतमले न विराजते स्म वपुरंशुमालिनः (hrītamiva nabhasi vītamale na virājate sma vapuraṃśumālinaḥ) Kirātārjunīya 12.13.

See also (synonyms): hrīṇa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hṛta (हृत).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Taken, taken away. 2. Seized. 3. Accepted. 4. Captivated. 5. Divided. E. hṛ to take, kta aff.

--- OR ---

Hrita (ह्रित).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Ashamed, modest, bashful. 2. Divided, portioned. 3. Taken, conveyed. n.

(-taṃ) A portion, a share. E. hrī to be ashamed, kta aff., and the vowel made short; or hṛ to take, aff. kta, and ri substituted for ṛ .

--- OR ---

Hrīta (ह्रीत).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) Ashamed, bashful, modest. E. hrī to be ashamed, aff. kta.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hṛta (हृत).—[adjective] held, carried, seized, taken etc.; often °— robbed or bereft of, without.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Hṛta (हृत):—[from hṛ] mfn. taken, taken away, seized (often [in the beginning of a compound] = ‘deprived or bereft of’, ‘having lost’, ‘-less’)

2) [v.s. ...] ravished, charmed, fascinated, [Ratnāvalī]

3) [v.s. ...] n. a portion, share, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

4) Hrita (ह्रित):—[wrong reading] for hṛta, or hrīta.

5) Hrīta (ह्रीत):—[from hrī] mfn. ashamed, modest, shy, timid, [Mahābhārata; Kathāsaritsāgara]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Hṛta (हृत):—[(taḥ-tā-taṃ) p.] Seized, accepted, carried off.

2) Hrita (ह्रित):—[(taḥ-tā-taṃ) a.] Ashamed, modest; portioned; taken. n. A share or portion.

3) Hrīta (ह्रीत):—[(taḥ-tā-taṃ) a. Idem.]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Hṛta (हृत) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Haḍa, Hia.

[Sanskrit to German]

Hrita in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Hṛta (हृत) [Also spelled hrat]:—(a) taken away, stolen, pilfered; ~[jñāna] out of wits, stupefied; ~[sarvasva] rendered penniless, who has lost his all.

context information

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Hṛta (ಹೃತ):—

1) [noun] taken; taken away.

2) [noun] snatched; plundered; seized.

--- OR ---

Hṛta (ಹೃತ):—

1) [adjective] that which is taken or taken away.

2) [adjective] a portion; a share.

3) [adjective] he who is drawn towards, attracted, charmed.

--- OR ---

Hrīta (ಹ್ರೀತ):—[adjective] = ಹ್ರೀಣ [hrina]1.

--- OR ---

Hrīta (ಹ್ರೀತ):—[noun] = ಹ್ರೀಣ [hrina]2.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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