Rat, Rāṭ, Raṭ: 14 definitions


Rat means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Toxicology (Study and Treatment of poison)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

The study of Rats (habitat, bites and treatment) refers to one of the topics dealt with in the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Viṣavidyā or Sarpavidyā).—The Kāśyapasaṃhitā gives deep insights in respect of different mantras as also the different varieties of snakes alongside with all the attendant details. It also deals in detail with different kinds of rat-bites, bites of twenty kinds of insects like spider, scorpion, centipede, fish and worms and their antidotes and long-term treatment regimen for various venomous bites

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

The Rat (animal) is associated with the Yoginī (female deity) named Mūṣī, being situated in the Medinīcakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava-tantra: one of the last Tibetan Tantric scriptures belonging to the Buddhist Saṃvara tradition consisting of 51 chapters.—Accordingly, the medinīcakra refers to one of the three divisions of the dharma-puṭa (‘dharma layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs [viz., Mūṣī] and Vīras are yellow in color; the shapes of their faces are in accordance with their names [e.g., Rat]; they have four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geography

Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Rāṭ is the modified form of Rāṣṭra when used in place-names. Rāṣṭra is the oldest and biggest territorial term. In the Ṛgveda and later Saṃhitās, it denotes “kingdom” or “royal territory”. It is considered to be one of the Prakṛtis (constituents) and refers to a country.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Rat in Gambia is the name of a plant defined with Combretum glutinosum in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Combretum glutinosum Perr. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Prodromus Systematis Naturalis Regni Vegetabilis (1828)
· Journal of Natural Products (1994)
· Florae Senegambiae Tentamen (1833)
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2004)
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (1999)
· African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines (2006)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Rat, for example health benefits, pregnancy safety, extract dosage, diet and recipes, side effects, chemical composition, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Raṭ (रट्).—1 P. (raṭati, raṭita)

1) To shout, scream, yell, cry, roar, howl; घोराश्चाराटिषुः शिवाः (ghorāścārāṭiṣuḥ śivāḥ) Bhaṭṭikāvya 15.27; पपात राक्षसो भूमौ रराट च भयंकरम् (papāta rākṣaso bhūmau rarāṭa ca bhayaṃkaram) 14.81.

2) To call out, proclaim loudly.

3) To shout with joy, applaud.

4) To ring, sound; कर्णे रटन् कटु कथं न वटुर्विषह्यः (karṇe raṭan kaṭu kathaṃ na vaṭurviṣahyaḥ) Mv.3.31.

5) To lament, wail.

6) To crash (as an axe).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Raṭ (रट्).—r. 1st and 10th cl. (raṭati raṭayati) 1. To speak. 2. To shout aloud. 3. To roar. With ā, to call to.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Raṭ (रट्).—i. 1, [Parasmaipada.] To yell, Mricch. 157, 10; to cry, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 18, 109. 1. 10, [Parasmaipada.] † To speak (?).

— With the prep. ā ā, To call to, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] 55, 5 ([Prakrit]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Raṭ (रट्).—raṭati [participle] raṭita (q.v.) howl, yell, cry, roar. [Intensive] rāraṭīti scream aloud, croak.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Raṭ (रट्):—[class] 1. [Parasmaipada] ([Dhātupāṭha ix, 10]) raṭati ([perfect tense] rarāṭa; [future] raṭitā etc. [grammar]),

—to howl, shout, roar, yell, cry, [Kāvya literature; Varāha-mihira; Kathāsaritsāgara];

—to crash (as an axe), [Prabodha-candrodaya];

—to ring (as a bell), [Mālatīmādhava];

—to lament, wail, [Hemacandra’s Pariśiṣṭaparvan];

—to proclaim aloud, [Kṛṣṇaj.] :—[Causal] raṭayati ([Aorist] arīraṭat), to howl, shout etc., [Daśakumāra-carita] :—[Intensive] rāraṭīti, to scream aloud, roar, yell, caw etc., [Rāmāyaṇa; Kāśī khaṇḍa, from the skanda-purāṇa; Bhojaprabandha]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Raṭ (रट्):—(ki) raṭati, yati 1. 10. a. To speak.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Raṭ (रट्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Raḍa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Rat in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Rat in Hindi refers in English to:—(nf) constant reception/reiteration..—rat (रट) is alternatively transliterated as Raṭa.

2) Rat in Hindi refers in English to:—(a) attached, loving; used as a suffix to mean engaged in, occupied with (as [karyarata]); (nm) an allomorph of '[rata]' used as the first member in certain compound words; ~[jaga] keeping awake the whole night (to celebrate a happy occasion through singing devotional songs or otherwise)..—rat (रत) is alternatively transliterated as Rata.

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