Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 7.4

विप्राश्च गत्वा बहिरिध्महेतोः प्राप्ताः समित्पुष्पपवित्रहस्ताः ।
तपःप्रधानाः कृतबुद्धयो ऽपि तं द्रष्टुमीयुर्न मठानभीयुः ॥ ४ ॥

viprāśca gatvā bahiridhmahetoḥ prāptāḥ samitpuṣpapavitrahastāḥ |
tapaḥpradhānāḥ kṛtabuddhayo 'pi taṃ draṣṭumīyurna maṭhānabhīyuḥ || 4 ||

And the Brahmans who had gone outside for the sake of fuel, having come with their hands full of fuel, flowers, and kusha grass,—pre-eminent as they were in penances, and proficients in wisdom, went to see him, and went not to their cells.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (7.4). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Vipra, Bahih, Bahi, Bahis, Idhma, Idhman, Hetu, Prapta, Samit, Samidh, Pushpa, Pavitra, Ahasta, Tapahpradhana, Kritabuddhi, Api, Matha, Abhi,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 7.4). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “viprāśca gatvā bahiridhmahetoḥ prāptāḥ samitpuṣpapavitrahastāḥ
  • viprāś -
  • vipra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    viprā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • gatvā -
  • gam -> gatvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √gam]
    gam -> gatvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √gam]
    gam -> gatvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √gam]
  • bahir -
  • bahiḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    bahis (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    bahi (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    bahi (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • idhma -
  • idhma (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    idhman (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • hetoḥ -
  • hetu (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • prāptāḥ -
  • prāpta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    prāptā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • samit -
  • samit (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    samidh (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    samidh (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    samidh (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • puṣpa -
  • puṣpa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    puṣpa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • pavitra -
  • pavitṛ (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    pavitra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pavitra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • ahastāḥ -
  • ahasta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    ahastā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • Line 2: “tapaḥpradhānāḥ kṛtabuddhayo 'pi taṃ draṣṭumīyurna maṭhānabhīyuḥ
  • tapaḥpradhānāḥ -
  • tapaḥpradhāna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    tapaḥpradhānā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • kṛtabuddhayo' -
  • kṛtabuddhi (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    kṛtabuddhi (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • tam -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    tan (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • draṣṭum -
  • dṛś -> draṣṭum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √dṛś]
  • ī -
  • i (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    ī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    ī (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    e (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
  • iyur -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [optative active third plural], [perfect active third plural]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • maṭhān -
  • maṭha (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • abhī -
  • abhi (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    abhi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    abhi (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    abhi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    abhī (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    abhī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    abhī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    abhi (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • iyuḥ -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [optative active third plural], [perfect active third plural]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 7.4

Cover of edition (2003)

The Buddha-Carita By Asvaghosa or Acts of Buddha
by E. B. Cowell (2003)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

Buy now!
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