Matha, Maṭha, Mātha: 15 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Matha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Maṭha (मठ).—A temple of the Lord with an attached residence or āśrama for brahmacārīs (celibate students) and sannyāsīs (renunciants) to live; monastery.

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Maṭha (मठ) refers to “a temple of the Lord with attached living quarters for brahmacārīs and sannyāsīs; a monastery”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam

Maṭha (मठ) refers to:—Āśrama; monastery. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Maṭha (मठ).—Public halls in the city of Tripura;1 institutions of.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 139. 20.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 38. 57.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Maṭha.—(EI 17, 19, 23, 31, 32; CII 3, 4; SII 1; BL; ASLV; CITD), a school or religious college; a temple; a monastery; hermitage or convent; a monastery which was a religious and educational institution. See maṭhikā. In Telugu records, it also means ‘a bullock cart’ and ‘a cart load’ (cf. Kannaḍa maṭṭī, ‘a load’). (SITI), place where pilgrims and religious mendicants (tapasvins) are fed. Note: maṭha is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

maṭha (मठ).—m (makuṣṭaka S) A bean, Phaseolus aconitifolius.

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maṭha (मठ).—m (S) A college. 2 An anchorite's or devotee's cell, cot, cave, or dwelling place; a hermitage. 3 A residence of a company of ascetics.

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maṭha (मठ).—a (S) Dull, heavy, sluggish, slow of motion.

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maṭhā (मठा).—m Milk coagulated with its butter in it and churned. Used as a sauce with rice &c. 2 The coagulum or thick residue of curds.

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māṭha (माठ).—m f A pot-herb, Amaranthus tristis. 2 m A broad and spreading earthen jar.

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māṭha (माठ).—a Flattish, low, of mild slope--a roof &c.: opp. to khara or pāṇaḍhāḷa Steep. 2 Dumpy, squat, stunt--a person or an animal. Both senses are from the sense of the noun, A low or flattish jar.

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māṭhā (माठा) [or ठ्या, ṭhyā].—a (māṭha An earthen jar.) Dull, doltish, thickheaded, heavywitted.

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māthā (माथा).—m (mastaka S) The upper or the fore part of the head, the crown or the sinciput. Pr. urīṃ kēṃsa māthāṃ ṭakkala. 2 The forehead. Ex. ajāyuddha hōtēṃ tēvhāṃ māthyāsīṃ māthā apaṭatō. 3 The head. Pr. pōṭānta jaḷē āṇi māthyānta kaḷē. 4 The head of a churn-staff; the head or knob of anything similar. 5 The crown or crest of a hill. 6 For figurative senses and lax applications see ḍōī. māthāṃ māraṇēṃ g. of o. To cast upon; to commit, consign, attach, impute unto. māthyāvaracā padara ṭākaṇēṃ-utaraṇēṃ-paḍaṇēṃ To become a harlot. (As a modest or decorous female always shrouds her head with the padara or skirt of her garment).

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

maṭha (मठ).—m A bean.

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maṭha (मठ).—m A college; a hermitage.

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māṭha (माठ).—m f A pot-herb. m A broad and spreading earthen jar.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Maṭha (मठ).—[maṭhatyatra maṭh ghañarthe ka]

1) The hut of an ascetic, a small cell or room.

2) A monastery, convent.

3) A seminary, college, place of learning.

4) A temple.

5) A cart drawn by oxen.

-ṭhī 1 A cell.

2) A cloister, convent.

Derivable forms: maṭhaḥ (मठः), maṭham (मठम्).

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Matha (मथ).—= माथ (mātha) q. v.

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Māṭha (माठ).—A road.

Derivable forms: māṭhaḥ (माठः).

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Mātha (माथ).—[math-ghañ]

1) Stirring, churning, shaking about.

2) Killing, destruction.

3) A way, road.

Derivable forms: māthaḥ (माथः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Maṭha (मठ).—m.

(-ṭhaḥ) 1. A school, a college, the residence of young Brahmans, prosecuting sacred studies. 2. A building inhabited by asceties of the same order. 3. A temple. 4. A cart, a carriage, particularly drawn by oxen. E. maṭh to dwell, aff. ac .

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Māṭha (माठ).—m.

(-ṭhaḥ) A road. f. (-ṭhī) An armour.

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Mātha (माथ).—m.

(-thaḥ) 1. Churning, stirring. 2. A road. 3. Hurting, injuring, killing. E. māth to hurt, aff. ac; or math to agitate, aff. ghañ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Maṭha (मठ).—m. 1. A school. 2. A building inhabited by ascetics, a cloister, a college, [Pañcatantra] 116, 18. 3. A temple. 4. A carriage.

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Mātha (माथ).—i. e. math + a, m. 1. Churning. 2. A road.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Maṭha (मठ).—[masculine] ī [feminine] hut, also = seq.

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Mātha (माथ).—[masculine] destruction, annihilation.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Maṭha (मठ):—[from maṭh] mf(ī)n. ([gana] ardharcādi; ī f. [gana] gaurādi) a hut, cottage, ([especially]) the retired hut (or cell) of an ascetic (or student), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] a cloister, college ([especially] for young Brāhmans), temple, [ib.]

3) [v.s. ...] m. a cart or carriage drawn by oxen, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) Matha (मथ):—[from manth] m. = mātha [gana] jvalādi.

5) Mathā (मथा):—ind. a Nidhana formula, [Lāṭyāyana]

6) Māṭha (माठ):—or māṭhya m. a road, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. māca, mātha).

7) Mātha (माथ):—m. (√math) churning, stirring, [Horace H. Wilson]

8) hurting, killing, destruction, [Śatruṃjaya-māhātmya]

9) illness, disease, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) a way, road, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. māṭha).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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