Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 7.5

हृष्टाश्च केका मुमुचुर्मयूरा दृष्ट्वाम्बुदं नीलमिवोन्नमन्तम् ।
शष्पाणि हित्वाभिमुखाश्च तस्थुर्मृगाश्चलाक्षा मृगचारिणश्च ॥ ५ ॥

hṛṣṭāśca kekā mumucurmayūrā dṛṣṭvāmbudaṃ nīlamivonnamantam |
śaṣpāṇi hitvābhimukhāśca tasthurmṛgāścalākṣā mṛgacāriṇaśca || 5 ||

Delighted the peacocks uttered their cries, as if they had seen a dark-blue cloud rising up; and leaving the young grass and coming forward, the deer with restless eyes and the ascetics who grazed like deer stood still.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (7.5). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Hrishta, Keka, Mumucu, Mayura, Ambuda, Nila, Iva, Unnama, Shashpa, Hitva, Hitvan, Abhimukha, Mriga, Cala, Aksha, Mrigacarin,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 7.5). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “hṛṣṭāśca kekā mumucurmayūrā dṛṣṭvāmbudaṃ nīlamivonnamantam
  • hṛṣṭāś -
  • hṛṣṭa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    hṛṣṭā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    hṛṣ -> hṛṣṭa (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √hṛṣ class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √hṛṣ class 1 verb], [nominative plural from √hṛṣ class 4 verb], [vocative plural from √hṛṣ class 4 verb]
    hṛṣ -> hṛṣṭā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √hṛṣ class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √hṛṣ class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √hṛṣ class 1 verb], [nominative plural from √hṛṣ class 4 verb], [vocative plural from √hṛṣ class 4 verb], [accusative plural from √hṛṣ class 4 verb]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kekā* -
  • kekā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • mumucur -
  • mumucu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    muc (verb class 6)
    [perfect active third plural]
    muc (verb class 1)
    [perfect active third plural]
  • mayūrā* -
  • mayūra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    mayūrā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • dṛṣṭvā -
  • dṛś -> dṛṣṭvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √dṛś]
  • ambudam -
  • ambuda (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • nīlam -
  • nīla (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    nīla (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    nīlā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • ivo -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • unnaman -
  • unnama (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    unnama (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • tam -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    tan (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “śaṣpāṇi hitvābhimukhāśca tasthurmṛgāścalākṣā mṛgacāriṇaśca
  • śaṣpāṇi -
  • śaṣpa (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • hitvā -
  • hitvā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    hitvan (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    hitvan (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    dhā -> hitvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √dhā]
    dhā -> hitvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √dhā]
    dhā -> hitvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √dhā]
    dhā -> hitvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √dhā]
    hi -> hitvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √hi]
  • abhimukhāś -
  • abhimukha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tasthur -
  • sthā (verb class 1)
    [perfect active third plural]
  • mṛgāś -
  • mṛga (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    mṛgā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • calā -
  • cala (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    cala (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    calā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    cal (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • akṣā* -
  • akṣa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • mṛgacāriṇaś -
  • mṛgacārin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    mṛgacārin (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 7.5

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

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