Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 4.56

किं विना नावगच्छन्ति चपलं यौवनं स्त्रियः ।
यतो रूपेण सम्पन्नं जरेयं नाशयिष्यति ॥ ५६ ॥

kiṃ vinā nāvagacchanti capalaṃ yauvanaṃ striyaḥ |
yato rūpeṇa sampannaṃ jareyaṃ nāśayiṣyati || 56 ||

'What is it that these women lack that they perceive not that youth is fickle? for this old age will destroy whatever has beauty.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (4.56). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Kim, Vina, Nava, Gacchat, Capalam, Capala, Yauvana, Stri, Yatah, Yat, Yata, Rupa, Sampanna, Nashayishyat,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 4.56). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “kiṃ vinā nāvagacchanti capalaṃ yauvanaṃ striyaḥ
  • kim -
  • kim (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    kim (indeclinable)
    kim (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • vinā* -
  • vina (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    vinā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • nāva -
  • nāva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • gacchanti -
  • gacchat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    gam (verb class 1)
    [present active third plural]
  • capalam -
  • capalam (indeclinable)
    capala (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    capala (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    capalā (noun, feminine)
  • yauvanam -
  • yauvana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • striyaḥ -
  • strī (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • Line 2: “yato rūpeṇa sampannaṃ jareyaṃ nāśayiṣyati
  • yato* -
  • yataḥ (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yataḥ (indeclinable)
    yat (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    yat (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    yata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    i -> yat (participle, masculine)
    [accusative plural from √i class 2 verb], [ablative single from √i class 2 verb], [genitive single from √i class 2 verb]
    i -> yat (participle, neuter)
    [ablative single from √i class 2 verb], [genitive single from √i class 2 verb]
    yam -> yata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √yam class 1 verb]
  • rūpeṇa -
  • rūpa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    rūpa (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • sampannam -
  • sampanna (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sampanna (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    sampannā (noun, feminine)
  • jareyam -
  • jṛ (verb class 1)
    [optative active first single]
    jṝ (verb class 1)
    [optative active first single]
  • nāśayiṣyati -
  • naś -> nāśayiṣyat (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √naś]
    naś -> nāśayiṣyat (participle, neuter)
    [locative single from √naś]
    naś -> nāśayiṣyat (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √naś]
    naś -> nāśayiṣyat (participle, neuter)
    [locative single from √naś]
    naś (verb class 0)
    [future active third single]
    naś (verb class 0)
    [future active third single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 4.56

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

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