Yauvana: 20 definitions


Yauvana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Yauvan.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Yauvana (यौवन) refers to the “stage of childhood”, as mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.6. Accordingly, as Śiva said to Sandhyā:—“[...] O gentle lady Sandhyā, whatever you have asked I grant you entirely. I am delighted by this excellent penance of yours. (In all living beings) the first stage shall be infancy, the second childhood, the third youth (yauvana) and the fourth stage shall be old age. When the third stage in life is reached, the living beings shall become lustful. In some cases it shall be at the end of the second stage. This new limitation is imposed by me as a result of your penance. No living being shall be lustful at the time of its nativity”.

Source: archive.org: Yoga Vasishtha Maharamayana

Yauvana (यौवन) refers to “youth”, as mentioned in the Yogavasistha 1.28 (“Mutability of the world”).—Accordingly, as Rāma narrated: “Boyhood lasts but a few days, and then it is succeeded by youth [i.e., yauvana] which is as quickly followed by old age: thus there being no identity of the same person, how can one rely on the uniformity of external objects? The mind that gets delighted in a moment and becomes dejected in the next, and assumes likewise its equanimity at another, is indeed as changeful as an actor. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Yauvana (यौवन) refers to “youth”, which is mentioned in verse 3.15 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] Passionate (and) lovely women with exuberant thighs, breasts, and buttocks take away the cold, their body being hot with incense, saffron, and youth [viz., yauvana]. [...]”.

Note: The instrumental dvandvadhūpakuṅkumayauvanaiḥ”—“with incense, saffron, and youth” has been disconnected from its governing noun, separated into its three components, and converted by the requisite additions and alterations into a series of subject attributes: dhūpa (“incense”) becoming spos-kyis bdugs (“fumigated with incense”), kuṅkuma (“saffron”)—gur-gum-gyis byugs (“anointed with saffron”), and yauvana (“youth”)—gźon (“young”). At the same time, dhūpa and kuṅkuma have been interchanged, —sllos (for spos) in C and probably also bdug (for bdugs) in CD are xylographical errors.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama

Yauvana (यौवन) [or yuvan] refers to “adult (speaking of a stone) § 2.10.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

1) Yauvana (यौवन) refers to “(a woman ) endowed with youth”, according to the Guhyasūtra chapter 3.—Accordingly, “[...] If one torments the body with rain, cold and heat, …, devoted to recitation (japarata) and meditation, this is called the Great Observance. A woman skilled in the pleasures of love-making, endowed with beauty and youth (rūpa-yauvana-śālinī); such a woman one should procure, holding one’s senses back from the objects of the senses, and one should kiss and embrace [her], placing the penis upon her sex while remaining focussed upon recitation and meditation—one performs [thus] the Sword-Blade Observance. If one should succumb to the control of desire, then one certainly falls into hell. [...]”.

2) Yauvana (यौवन) refers to “one’s youth”, according to the 13th-century Matsyendrasaṃhitā: a Kubjikā-Tripurā oriented Tantric Yoga text of the Ṣaḍanvayaśāmbhava tradition from South India.—Accordingly, “[Visualisation of Parameśvara]:—[...] He is in the prime of his youth (nava-yauvana-sampanna) and has all the auspicious characteristics. He has the great Ajagava bow placed on his left side. On his right, he has five glowing arrows. He is shining like a blue lotus. On his chest there is a glittering garland of blue lotuses. He is the Lord. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Yauvana (यौवन) refers to an “adolescent”, according to the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi [i.e., Cakrasamvara Meditation] ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “By the form of a skull cup, and by the letter Māṃ, Vāruṇī, Eighteen arms, one face, red color, and three eyes, A sword, arrow and hook, on the right, a skull cup, ax and banner, Thus a mace, thus a bell, and in the ninth, granting wishes, A two-headed drum, a bow and noose, a staff and a water pot, A trident, hammer and lute, and thus a number, in the upper hand, A young adolescent beauty (nava-yauvana-lāvaṇyā), a great beauty, a beautiful goddess”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Yauvana (यौवन) refers to “youth”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “You must understand that the body is overcome by disease, youth (yauvana) is overcome by old age, vitality is oppressed by decay and life is oppressed by death”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

yauvana (यौवन).—n S Youth or mature age; adolescence or puberty.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

yauvana (यौवन).—n Youth or mature age; puberty.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Yauvana (यौवन).—a. (- f.) [यूनो भावः अण् (yūno bhāvaḥ aṇ)] Young, juvenile.

-nam 1 Youth; (fig. also), youthfulness, prime or bloom of youth, puberty; मुग्धत्वस्य च यौवनस्य च सखे मध्ये मधुश्रीः स्थिता (mugdhatvasya ca yauvanasya ca sakhe madhye madhuśrīḥ sthitā) V.2.7; यौवनेऽभ्यस्तविद्यानाम् (yauvane'bhyastavidyānām) R.1.8;6.5; दिन- यौवनोत्थान् (dina- yauvanotthān) 13.2.

2) Any youthful or juvenile act.

3) A number of young persons, especially women.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yauvana (यौवन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Youth, manhood, prime of life, puberty. 2. An assemblage of young women. E. yuvan young, aṇ aff.; with kan yauvanaka .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yauvana (यौवन).—i. e. yuvan + a, I. adj. Juvenile, [Cāṇakya] 49 in Berl. Monatsb. 1864, 410. Ii. n. 1. Youth, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 26; [Pañcatantra] 128, 2; manhood. 2. The age of marriageableness, Chr. 51, 4. 3. An assemblage of young women.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yauvana (यौवन).—[neuter] youth.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Yauvana (यौवन):—n. ([from] yuvan) youth, youthfulness, adolescence, puberty, manhood (also [plural] = juvenile deeds or indiscretions; ifc. f(ā). ), [Atharva-veda] etc. etc.

2) a number of young people ([especially] of young women), [Pāṇini 4-2, 38]

3) Name of the third stage in the Śākta mysteries, [Catalogue(s)]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yauvana (यौवन):—(naṃ) 1. n. Youth, manhood; assemblage of youth.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Yauvana (यौवन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Joaṇa, Jovvaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Yauvana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Yauvana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Yauvana (यौवन) [Also spelled yauvan]:—(nm) youth, youthfulness; -[kāla] period of youth; -[darpa] pride of youth; -[prāpta] one who has attained puberty/youth.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Yauvana (ಯೌವನ):—

1) [noun] the state or quality of being young, esp. of being vigorous and lively or immature, impetuous, etc.; youth.

2) [noun] a young man.

3) [noun] ಚಿಂತೆಯೇ ಮುಪ್ಪು, ಸಂತೋಷವೇ ಯೌವನ [cimteye muppu, samtoshave yauvana] cinteyē muppu, santōṣavē yauvana (prov.) a man is young as long as he is happy.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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