Mahavastu [sanskrit verses and english]

by Émile Senart | 1882 | 56,574 words

This is the Sanskrit Mahavastu: a lengthy work on Buddhist teachings and narratives belonging to the school of early Buddhism (Mahasanghika). This edition only includes those metrical verses occuring in the various stories and Jatakas, as well as the corresponding English translation by J. J. Jones.

Verse 2.33

कालसूत्रस्मिं नरके आर्द्रवृक्षे व वर्जिताः ।
सूत्रयित्वान तेषाङ्गा वासीहि परशूहि च ॥ ३३ ॥

kālasūtrasmiṃ narake ārdravṛkṣe va varjitāḥ |
sūtrayitvāna teṣāṅgā vāsīhi paraśūhi ca || 33 ||

In the Kalasutra hell beings are driven from under a verdant tree and their limbs are hacked with hatchets and axes. (33)

English translation by J. J. Jones (1949) Read online

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (2.33). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Naraka, Ardra, Vriksha, Varjita, Ana, Tad, Tan, Yushmad, Ish, Isha, Ishan, Anga, Vasi, Vasin, Parashu,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahavastu Verse 2.33). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “kālasūtrasmiṃ narake ārdravṛkṣe va varjitāḥ
  • Cannot analyse kālasūtrasmim*na
  • narake -
  • naraka (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    naraka (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • ārdra -
  • ārdra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ārdra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vṛkṣe -
  • vṛkṣa (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    vṛkṣā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    vṛkṣ (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single]
  • va -
  • va (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    va (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • varjitāḥ -
  • varjita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    varjitā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • Line 2: “sūtrayitvāna teṣāṅgā vāsīhi paraśūhi ca
  • sūtrayitvā -
  • sūtr -> sūtrayitvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √sūtr]
  • ana -
  • ana (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single], [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    tan (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single], [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • iṣā -
  • iṣa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    iṣa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    iṣan (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    iṣ (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
    iṣ (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    iṣ (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    iṣā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aṅgā* -
  • aṅga (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • vāsī -
  • vāsi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    vāsi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    vāsī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    vāsin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single]
    vāsin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    (verb class 2)
    [present active second single]
    (verb class 1)
    [present active second single]
  • ihi -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperative active second single]
  • paraśū -
  • paraśu (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • uhi -
  • u (verb class 2)
    [imperative active second single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
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