Nyaya-Vaisheshika categories (Study)

by Diptimani Goswami | 2014 | 61,072 words

This page relates ‘Commentaries on Tarkasamgraha’ of the study on the Nyaya-Vaisheshika categories with special reference to the Tarkasangraha by Annambhatta. Both Nyaya and Vaisesika are schools of ancient Indian Philosophy, and accepted in their system various padarthas or objects of valid knowledge. This study investigates how the Tarkasamgraha reflects these categories in the combined Nyayavaisesika school.

The Commentaries on Tarkasaṃgraha

There are about twenty five commentaries both traditional and modern on this treatise which undoubtedly establishes the importance of Tarkasaṃgraha.

Tarkadīpikā or Dīpikā

Dīpikā is the most popular and easily understandable commentary of Tarkasaṃgraha. This commentary was written by the author himself. This commentary can be considered as a revised and enlarged edition of the Tarkasaṃgraha. Annaṃbhaṭṭa includes corrections in some places of the commentary. Somewhere, he introduces new topics in this commentary. It can be assumed that after composing Tarkasaṃgraha Annaṃbhaṭṭa faced some opposition from his opponents showing the lacuna in his work. Hence, he tried to give answer to all these oppositions in his own commentary, i.e. Dīpikā. Thus, it is seen that after defining kāraṇa as kāryaniyatapurvavṛttitvam, he adds anyathāsiddhisunyatve sati in the Dīpikā. Without this addition the definition of kāraṇa remains defective. There are many other such cases where Annaṃbhaṭṭa defended his own words by supplying some explanatory terms or sentences in the Dīpikā. For the study of Tarkasaṃgraha, the necessity of Dīpikā cannot be overestimated. There are many commentaries written on Dīpikā which testify to the popularity of both Tarkasaṃgraha and Dīpikā.


After the Tarkadīpikāṭīkā, Nyāyabodhinī is the popular commentary on Tarkasaṃgraha. The writer of this commentary is Govardhanācārya as is found in the maṃgalācaraṇa-sloka.[1] This commentary does not possess any special character. The author discusses some topics elaborately and leaves out others. The commentary is not an easy one and as such Bodas and Athalye opine that this treatise is suitable for advanced students.[2]

Other Commentaries on Tarkasaṃgraha are:

1. Tarkasaṃgrahadīpikā by the author of Tarkasaṃgraha himself
2. Nyāyabodhinī by Govardhanamiśra
3. Siddhāntacandrodaya by Śrikṛsnadhurjaṭidīḳsita.
4. Padakṛtya by Candrajasiṃha
5. Tarkasaṃgrahatattvaprakāśa by Nīlakaṇṭha
6. Nirukti or Paṭṭābhirāmaṭippaṇī by Paṭṭābhirāma or Mādhavapadābhirāma
7. Tarkasaṃgrahavākyārthanirukti by unknown author
8. Tarkasaṃgrahacandrikā by Mukundabhaṭṭa Gāḍgīla
9. Tarkasaṃgrahavyākhyā or Vākyavṛtti by Meruśāstrī Goḍvole
10. Tarkasaṃgrahaṭīkā by Anantanārāyaṇa
11. Tarkaphallikā by Kṣamākalyāṇa
12. Nyāyārthalaghuvodhinī by Govardhanāraṅgācārya
13. Tarkasaṃgrahaṭīkā by Gaurīkānta
14. Nirukti by Jagannāthaśastri
15. Nyāyabodhinī by Śuklaratnanātha
16. Tarkasaṃgrahaṭīkā by Rāmanātha
17. Tarkasaṃgrahataranginī by Vindhyesvarīprasāda
18. Tarkasaṃgrahaṭīkā by Viśvanātha
19. Tarkacandrikā or Prabhā by Vaidyanātha Gāḍgīla
20. Tarkasaṃgrahaṭīkā by Hanumāna, son of Vyāsa
21. Tarkasaṃgrahavyākhyā by Murāri
22. Tarkasaṃgrahopanyāsa by unknown author
23. Tarkasaṃgrahaṭīkā, by unknown author
24. Tarkasaṃgrahasaṃktu by unknown author
25. Nyāyacandrikā by unknown author

There are also many Commentaries on Tarkadīpikā: These are

1. Nīlakaṇṭhaprakāśikā by Nīlakaṇṭhaśāstin
2. Ramarudrīyaṃ by Ramarudrabhaṭṭa
3. Nṛsiṃhaprakāśikā or Nṛsiṃhiya by Rāya Narasiṃha
4. Paṭṭābhirāmaprakāśikā by unknown author
5. Bhāskarodayā, a commentary on Nilakaṇṭha by Lakṣminṛsiṃha
6. Tarkaphallikā by Kṣamākalyāṇa
7. Sūratakalpataru by Śrīnivāsa.
8. Tīkā of Gaṅgādharabhaṭṭa
9. Tīkā of Jagadīsabhaṭṭa
10. Tattvārthadīpikā by Vādhulaveṃkaṭaguru

Footnotes and references:


akhilāgamasañcāri śrīkṛṣṇākhyaṃparaṃ mahaḥ/ dhyātvā govardhanasudhīstanute nyāyabodhinīm // Vide, Ibid., p. 2


Ibid., p. Lxix.

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