Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 5.22.18

सहोषितश्चरितार्थो वयःस्थः शाल्वेयानामधिपो वै विराटः ।
सह पुत्रैः पाण्डवार्थे च शश्वद्युधिष्ठिरं भक्त इति श्रुतं मे ॥ १८ ॥

sahoṣitaścaritārtho vayaḥsthaḥ śālveyānāmadhipo vai virāṭaḥ |
saha putraiḥ pāṇḍavārthe ca śaśvadyudhiṣṭhiraṃ bhakta iti śrutaṃ me || 18 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...the high-souled king Dhritarashtra, the so-n of Vicitravirya, is in health with his sons. I hope the great king Vahlika, the son of Pratipa, endued with great learning, is also in health...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (5.22.18). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Sahoshita, Caritartha, Vayahstha, Shalveya, Adhipa, Virata, Saha, Putra, Pandava, Artha, Shashvat, Yudhishthira, Bhaktri, Bhakta, Iti, Shrut, Shruta, Asmad,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 5.22.18). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “sahoṣitaścaritārtho vayaḥsthaḥ śālveyānāmadhipo vai virāṭaḥ
  • sahoṣitaś -
  • sahoṣita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • caritārtho* -
  • caritārtha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • vayaḥsthaḥ -
  • vayaḥstha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • śālveyānām -
  • śālveya (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
  • adhipo* -
  • adhipa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    adhipā (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • vai -
  • (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single], [imperative middle first single]
  • virāṭaḥ -
  • virāṭa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “saha putraiḥ pāṇḍavārthe ca śaśvadyudhiṣṭhiraṃ bhakta iti śrutaṃ me
  • saha -
  • saha (indeclinable postposition)
    [indeclinable postposition]
    saha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    saha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sah (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • putraiḥ -
  • putra (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    putra (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • pāṇḍavā -
  • pāṇḍava (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pāṇḍava (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • arthe -
  • artha (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    artha (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    arth (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • śaśvad -
  • śaśvat (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    śaśvat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    śaśvat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • yudhiṣṭhiram -
  • yudhiṣṭhira (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • bhakta* -
  • bhaktṛ (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    bhakta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • iti -
  • iti (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    iti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • śrutam -
  • śruta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    śruta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    śrutā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    śrut (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    śrut (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    śru -> śruta (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √śru class 5 verb]
    śru -> śruta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √śru class 5 verb], [accusative single from √śru class 5 verb]
  • me -
  • ma (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ma (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    asmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 5.22.18

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 5.22.18 in Kannada sript:
ಸಹೋಷಿತಶ್ಚರಿತಾರ್ಥೋ ವಯಃಸ್ಥಃ ಶಾಲ್ವೇಯಾನಾಮಧಿಪೋ ವೈ ವಿರಾಟಃ ।
ಸಹ ಪುತ್ರೈಃ ಪಾಣ್ಡವಾರ್ಥೇ ಚ ಶಶ್ವದ್ಯುಧಿಷ್ಠಿರಂ ಭಕ್ತ ಇತಿ ಶ್ರುತಂ ಮೇ ॥ ೧೮ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 5.22.18 in Bengali sript:
সহোষিতশ্চরিতার্থো বযঃস্থঃ শাল্বেযানামধিপো বৈ বিরাটঃ ।
সহ পুত্রৈঃ পাণ্ডবার্থে চ শশ্বদ্যুধিষ্ঠিরং ভক্ত ইতি শ্রুতং মে ॥ ১৮ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 5.22.18 in Gujarati sript:
સહોષિતશ્ચરિતાર્થો વયઃસ્થઃ શાલ્વેયાનામધિપો વૈ વિરાટઃ ।
સહ પુત્રૈઃ પાણ્ડવાર્થે ચ શશ્વદ્યુધિષ્ઠિરં ભક્ત ઇતિ શ્રુતં મે ॥ ૧૮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 5.22.18 in Malayalam sript:
സഹോഷിതശ്ചരിതാര്ഥോ വയഃസ്ഥഃ ശാല്വേയാനാമധിപോ വൈ വിരാടഃ ।
സഹ പുത്രൈഃ പാണ്ഡവാര്ഥേ ച ശശ്വദ്യുധിഷ്ഠിരം ഭക്ത ഇതി ശ്രുതം മേ ॥ ൧൮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 5.22.18 in Telugu sript:
సహోషితశ్చరితార్థో వయఃస్థః శాల్వేయానామధిపో వై విరాటః ।
సహ పుత్రైః పాణ్డవార్థే చ శశ్వద్యుధిష్ఠిరం భక్త ఇతి శ్రుతం మే ॥ ౧౮ ॥

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