Shashvat, Śaśvat: 7 definitions


Shashvat means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śaśvat can be transliterated into English as Sasvat or Shashvat, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Shashvat in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Śaśvat (शश्वत्) refers to “(reaming) throughout” (lit. “perpetually”), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.22 (“Description of Pārvatī’s penance”).—Accordingly, after Menā spoke to Pārvatī: “[...] In the summer she kept a perpetually blazing fire all round and remaining within continued muttering the mantra. In the rainy season she continuously remained sitting on the bare ground on the rock and got herself drenched by the downpour of rain. During the winter, with great devotion she remained in water throughout [i.e., śaśvat]. During snowfall and in the nights too she performed her penance observing fast”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Śaśvat (शश्वत्) refers to “continually (going somewhere)”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Having abandoned the tree, as the birds go in the early morning, in like manner the embodied souls continually (śaśvat) go somewhere depending on their own karma”.

Synonyms: Nirantara, Ajasra, Saṃtata, Avirata, Satata.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śaśvat (शश्वत्).—ind.

1) Perpetually, eternally, for ever.

2) Constantly, repeatedly, always, frequently, again and again; जीवन् पुनः शश्वदुपप्लवेभ्यः (jīvan punaḥ śaśvadupaplavebhyaḥ) (pāsi) R.2.48;4.7; Mu.3.19; Bhāgavata 1.73.14; Meghadūta 57. (In comp. śaśvat may be translated by 'lasting, eternal'; as śaśvacchānti eternal tranquillity.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śaśvat (शश्वत्).—Ind. 1. Again and again, frequently, repeatedly, perpetually. 2. Together with E. śaś to go by jumps, vati aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śaśvat (शश्वत्):—mf(śaśvatī, or )n. ([according to] to some for sasvat and corresponding to [Greek] ἥπας) perpetual, continual, endless, incessant, frequent, numerous, many ([especially] applied to the ever-recurring dawns), [Ṛg-veda]

2) all, every, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa]

3) ind. perpetually, continually, repeatedly, always, ever (śaśvat purā, from immemorial time; śaśvac-chaśvat, again and again, constantly), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

4) at once, forthwith, directly (generally preceded or followed by ha; śaśvat-śaśvat, no sooner-than forthwith), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

5) it is true, certainly, indeed, [Brāhmaṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śaśvat (शश्वत्):—adv. Again and again, repeatedly.

[Sanskrit to German]

Shashvat in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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