Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 3.157.8

मेध्यानि हिमवत्पृष्ठे मधूनि विविधानि च ।
एवं ते न्यवसंस्तत्र पाण्डवा भरतर्षभाः ॥ ८ ॥

medhyāni himavatpṛṣṭhe madhūni vividhāni ca |
evaṃ te nyavasaṃstatra pāṇḍavā bharatarṣabhāḥ || 8 ||

Note! The following is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview. also, being distressed on account of your fallen soldiers, shalt be freed from your sin, on beholding that mortal. But if they follow your behests, their (the soldier’s) powerful...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.157.8). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Medhya, Himavatprishtha, Madhu, Vividha, Evam, Eva, Tad, Yushmad, Tatra, Pandava, Bharatarshabha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 3.157.8). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “medhyāni himavatpṛṣṭhe madhūni vividhāni ca
  • medhyāni -
  • medhya (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    medh -> medhya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative plural from √medh class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √medh class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √medh class 1 verb]
    midh -> medhya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative plural from √midh class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √midh class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √midh class 1 verb]
  • himavatpṛṣṭhe -
  • himavatpṛṣṭha (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    himavatpṛṣṭha (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • madhūni -
  • madhu (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • vividhāni -
  • vividha (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • Line 2: “evaṃ te nyavasaṃstatra pāṇḍavā bharatarṣabhāḥ
  • evam -
  • evam (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    evam (indeclinable)
    eva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    evā (noun, feminine)
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • nya -
  • ni (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    ni (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ni (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [compound]
    (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [compound]
    ni (Preverb)
  • avasaṃs -
  • vas (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active third plural]
  • tatra -
  • tatra (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tatra (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tatra (indeclinable)
  • pāṇḍavā* -
  • pāṇḍava (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • bharatarṣabhāḥ -
  • bharatarṣabha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 3.157.8

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 3.157.8 in Kannada sript:
ಮೇಧ್ಯಾನಿ ಹಿಮವತ್ಪೃಷ್ಠೇ ಮಧೂನಿ ವಿವಿಧಾನಿ ಚ ।
ಏವಂ ತೇ ನ್ಯವಸಂಸ್ತತ್ರ ಪಾಣ್ಡವಾ ಭರತರ್ಷಭಾಃ ॥ ೮ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 3.157.8 in Bengali sript:
মেধ্যানি হিমবত্পৃষ্ঠে মধূনি বিবিধানি চ ।
এবং তে ন্যবসংস্তত্র পাণ্ডবা ভরতর্ষভাঃ ॥ ৮ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 3.157.8 in Gujarati sript:
મેધ્યાનિ હિમવત્પૃષ્ઠે મધૂનિ વિવિધાનિ ચ ।
એવં તે ન્યવસંસ્તત્ર પાણ્ડવા ભરતર્ષભાઃ ॥ ૮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 3.157.8 in Malayalam sript:
മേധ്യാനി ഹിമവത്പൃഷ്ഠേ മധൂനി വിവിധാനി ച ।
ഏവം തേ ന്യവസംസ്തത്ര പാണ്ഡവാ ഭരതര്ഷഭാഃ ॥ ൮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 3.157.8 in Telugu sript:
మేధ్యాని హిమవత్పృష్ఠే మధూని వివిధాని చ ।
ఏవం తే న్యవసంస్తత్ర పాణ్డవా భరతర్షభాః ॥ ౮ ॥

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