Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 14.42.31

पृथिवी पञ्चमं भूतं घ्राणश्चाध्यात्ममिष्यते ।
अधिभूतं तथा गन्धो वायुस्तत्राधिदैवतम् ॥ ३१ ॥

pṛthivī pañcamaṃ bhūtaṃ ghrāṇaścādhyātmamiṣyate |
adhibhūtaṃ tathā gandho vāyustatrādhidaivatam || 31 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...that creator of all creatures, creates (all creatures) even in this way. It is that which causes all changes. It is that which causes all beings to move. By its own light it...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (14.42.31). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Prithivi, Pancamam, Pancama, Bhuta, Ghrana, Adhyatmam, Adhyatma, Ishyat, Adhibhutam, Adhibhuta, Tatha, Gandha, Vayu, Tatra, Adhidaivata,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 14.42.31). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “pṛthivī pañcamaṃ bhūtaṃ ghrāṇaścādhyātmamiṣyate
  • pṛthivī -
  • pṛthivī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    pṛthivi (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • pañcamam -
  • pañcamam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    pañcama (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    pañcama (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • bhūtam -
  • bhūta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    bhūta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    bhūtā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    bhū (verb class 1)
    [injunctive active second dual]
  • ghrāṇaś -
  • ghrāṇa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • adhyātmam -
  • adhyātmam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    adhyātma (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    adhyātma (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    adhyātmā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • iṣyate -
  • iṣ -> iṣyat (participle, masculine)
    [dative single from √iṣ class 4 verb]
    iṣ -> iṣyat (participle, neuter)
    [dative single from √iṣ class 4 verb]
    iṣ (verb class 6)
    [present passive third single]
    iṣ (verb class 1)
    [present passive third single]
    iṣ (verb class 4)
    [present passive third single]
    iṣ (verb class 0)
    [present passive third single]
    iṣ (verb class 0)
    [present passive third single]
  • Line 2: “adhibhūtaṃ tathā gandho vāyustatrādhidaivatam
  • adhibhūtam -
  • adhibhūtam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    adhibhūta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • tathā* -
  • tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    tatha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • gandho* -
  • gandha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • vāyus -
  • vāyu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    vāyu (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    (verb class 2)
    [optative active third plural]
  • tatrā -
  • tatra (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tatra (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tatra (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • adhidaivatam -
  • adhidaivata (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 14.42.31

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 14.42.31 in Kannada sript:
ಪೃಥಿವೀ ಪಞ್ಚಮಂ ಭೂತಂ ಘ್ರಾಣಶ್ಚಾಧ್ಯಾತ್ಮಮಿಷ್ಯತೇ ।
ಅಧಿಭೂತಂ ತಥಾ ಗನ್ಧೋ ವಾಯುಸ್ತತ್ರಾಧಿದೈವತಮ್ ॥ ೩೧ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 14.42.31 in Bengali sript:
পৃথিবী পঞ্চমং ভূতং ঘ্রাণশ্চাধ্যাত্মমিষ্যতে ।
অধিভূতং তথা গন্ধো বাযুস্তত্রাধিদৈবতম্ ॥ ৩১ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 14.42.31 in Gujarati sript:
પૃથિવી પઞ્ચમં ભૂતં ઘ્રાણશ્ચાધ્યાત્મમિષ્યતે ।
અધિભૂતં તથા ગન્ધો વાયુસ્તત્રાધિદૈવતમ્ ॥ ૩૧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 14.42.31 in Malayalam sript:
പൃഥിവീ പഞ്ചമം ഭൂതം ഘ്രാണശ്ചാധ്യാത്മമിഷ്യതേ ।
അധിഭൂതം തഥാ ഗന്ധോ വായുസ്തത്രാധിദൈവതമ് ॥ ൩൧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 14.42.31 in Telugu sript:
పృథివీ పఞ్చమం భూతం ఘ్రాణశ్చాధ్యాత్మమిష్యతే ।
అధిభూతం తథా గన్ధో వాయుస్తత్రాధిదైవతమ్ ॥ ౩౧ ॥

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