Ghrana, Ghrāṇa: 21 definitions

Introduction:

Ghrana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Ghrāṇa (घ्राण) refers to the “nose”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.5.6 (“Prayer to Śiva”).—Accordingly, as the Gods eulogized Śiva: “Obeisance to you, the soul of all, obeisance to Śiva the remover of distress, [...] I bow to you everywhere, you who have hands, legs, eyes, heads, mouths, ears and noses (ghrāṇa) everywhere. I bow to you everywhere, you who are omniscient who pervade everything, you who are unveiled as the lord of al, you who are omniformed and odd-eyed. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Ghrāṇa (घ्राण).—A Tuṣita god.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 19. C
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

1) Ghrāṇa (घ्राण):—Smell : Perception of odour

2) Nose. Olfactory apparatus. One of the five sense organs.

3) [ghrāṇam] Olfactory membrane of nose

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

1) Ghrāṇa (घ्राण, “nostril”) refers to the “two nostrils”, from which the Buddha emitted numerous rays when he smiled with his whole body after contemplating the entire universe, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV).—Accordingly, having himself arranged the lion-seat, the Bhagavat sat down cross-legged; holding his body upright and fixing his attention, he entered into the samādhirājasamādhi. Then, having tranquilly come out of this samādhi and having contemplated the entire universe with his divine eye (divyacakṣus), the Bhagavat smiled with his whole body. Wheels with a thousand spokes imprinted on the soles of his feet (pādatala) shoot out six hundred prabhedakoṭi of rays. In the same way, beams of six hundred prabhedakoṭi of rays are emitted from his two nostrils (ghrāṇa).

2) Ghrāna (घ्रान, “smell”) refers to the one of the twenty-two faculties (indriya), according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 38. The word indriya, derived from the root id or ind, is synonymous with great power, with control. The twenty-two Dharmas in question [viz., ghrāna] have the characteristic of being dominant in regard to the living being (sattva) in that which concerns: his primary constitution, his distinctiveness, his duration, his moral defilement and his purification.

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Ghrāṇa (घ्राण) refers to the “nose”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “Since reflecting on the thought is not distracted by sounds, knowing ear, sound, and [ear]-consciousness he practices meditation purified in respect of its proper essential character. Since reflecting on the thought is not distracted by scents, knowing nose (ghrāṇa), scents, and [nose]-consciousness he practices meditation purified in respect of its proper essential character. Since reflecting on the thought is not distracted by tastes, knowing tongue, tastes, and [tongue]-consciousness he practices meditation purified in respect of its proper essential character. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Ghrāṇa (घ्राण) or “nostrils” is associated with Īrṣyāvajrī, according to the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi [i.e., Cakrasamvara Meditation] ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “[...] Mohavajrī in the eyes. Dveṣavajrī in the ears. Īrṣyāvajrī in the nostrils (ghrāṇa). Rāgavajrī in the mouth. Sūryavajrī in touch. Aiśvaryavajrī in the seat of all senses. The element of earth, Pātanī. The element of water, Māraṇī. The element of fire, Ākarṣaṇī. The element of wind, Padmanṛtyeśvarī. The element of Space, Padmajvālanī. Thus, the purity of the divinities in the seat of the elements”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Ghrāṇa (घ्राण, “nose”) or ghrāṇāyatana refers to one of the “twelve sense spheres” (āyatana) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 24). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., ghrāṇa). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Ghrāṇa (“nose”) also represents one of the “eighteen elements” (dhātu) as well as one of the “eleven form components” (rūpaskandha).

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 2: the Category of the living

Ghrāṇa (घ्राण, “smelling”) or ghrāṇendriya refers to one of the “five sense-organs” (pañcendriya), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 2.19. What is the meaning of smell sense organ? The sense organ used by its owner for smelling an object of knowledge is called smell sense organ. (ghrāṇa-indriya).

The respective object of smelling (ghrāṇa) is odour/ smell (gandha). What is the meaning of smell? Cognition which results by smelling the object of knowledge is called smell/odour.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ghrāṇa (घ्राण).—n (S) The nose. 2 The sense of smell.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ghrāṇa (घ्राण).—n The nose. The sense of smell.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ghrāṇa (घ्राण).—p. p. [ghrā karmaṇi-kta] Smelt.

-ṇaḥ, -ṇam 1 Smell.

2) Smelling.

3) The nose (also n.).

-ṇam 1 The act of smelling; घ्राणेन सूकरा हन्ति (ghrāṇena sūkarā hanti) Manusmṛti 3.241.

2) Odour, scent.

3) The nose; गन्धाय घ्राणमथ यो वेद (gandhāya ghrāṇamatha yo veda) Ch. Up.8.12.4; बुद्धीन्द्रियाणि चक्षुः श्रोत्रघ्राणरसनात्वगाख्यानि (buddhīndriyāṇi cakṣuḥ śrotraghrāṇarasanātvagākhyāni) Sāṃkhyakārikā 26; Kumārasambhava 3.47, Ṛtusaṃhāra 6.27; Manusmṛti 5.135.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ghrāṇa (घ्राण).—mfn.

(-ṇaḥ-ṇā-ṇaṃ) Smelled. n.

(-ṇaṃ) 1. The nose. 2. Smell, odour. 3. Smelling. E. ghrā to smell, karaṇe lyuṭ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ghrāṇa (घ्राण).—i. e. ghrā + na, I. m. 1. Smelling, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 2, 1, 29. Ii. n. and f. ṇā, The nose, Mahābhārata 1, 6074.

— Cf.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ghrāṇa (घ्राण).—[masculine] [neuter] smell, sniff, odour; [feminine] ā & [neuter] nose, snout.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ghrāṇa (घ्राण):—[from ghrā] a mfn. ([viii, 2, 56]) smelled, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] smelling (ghrātṛ), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] m. n. smelling, perception of odour, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xiv; Manu-smṛti; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] m. smell, odour, [Śāṅkhāyana-gṛhya-sūtra iv, 7; Mahābhārata iii, 12844]

5) [v.s. ...] n. the nose, [Chāndogya-upaniṣad viii, 12, 4; Mahābhārata] etc. (ifc. f(ā). , [Kathāsaritsāgara lxi; Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi])

6) Ghrāṇā (घ्राणा):—[from ghrāṇa > ghrā] f. the nose, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā] of a bull, [lxi, 15].

7) Ghrāṇa (घ्राण):—b ghrāta, etc. See √ghrā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ghrāṇa (घ्राण):—(ṇaṃ) 1. n. The nose; smell. p. Smelling.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Ghrāṇa (घ्राण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Ghāṇa, Jiṃghaṇa, Jiṃghaṇā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Ghrana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Ghrana in Hindi refers in English to:—(nf) hatred, scorn, abhorrence; loathing..—ghrana (घृणा) is alternatively transliterated as Ghṛṇā.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ghrāṇa (ಘ್ರಾಣ):—

1) [noun] the part of the face in humans and certain animals that contains the nostrils and the organs of smell and functions as the usual passageway for air in respiration; the nose.

2) [noun] the act of perceiving the smell, detecting the scent or odour of.

3) [noun] odour a) that characteristic of a substance which makes it perceptible to the sense of smell; b) a smell, whether pleasant or unpleasant as fragrance, stench, etc.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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