Ghrana, aka: Ghrāṇa; 7 Definition(s)


Ghrana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism


Ghrana in Purana glossary... « previous · [G] · next »

Ghrāṇa (घ्राण).—A Tuṣita god.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 19. C
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

1) Ghrāṇa (घ्राण, “nostril”) refers to the “two nostrils”, from which the Buddha emitted numerous rays when he smiled with his whole body after contemplating the entire universe, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV).—Accordingly, having himself arranged the lion-seat, the Bhagavat sat down cross-legged; holding his body upright and fixing his attention, he entered into the samādhirājasamādhi. Then, having tranquilly come out of this samādhi and having contemplated the entire universe with his divine eye (divyacakṣus), the Bhagavat smiled with his whole body. Wheels with a thousand spokes imprinted on the soles of his feet (pādatala) shoot out six hundred prabhedakoṭi of rays. In the same way, beams of six hundred prabhedakoṭi of rays are emitted from his two nostrils (ghrāṇa).

2) Ghrāna (घ्रान, “smell”) refers to the one of the twenty-two faculties (indriya), according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 38. The word indriya, derived from the root id or ind, is synonymous with great power, with control. The twenty-two Dharmas in question [viz., ghrāna] have the characteristic of being dominant in regard to the living being (sattva) in that which concerns: his primary constitution, his distinctiveness, his duration, his moral defilement and his purification.

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Ghrāṇa (घ्राण, “nose”) or ghrāṇāyatana refers to one of the “twelve sense spheres” (āyatana) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 24). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., ghrāṇa). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Ghrāṇa (“nose”) also represents one of the “eighteen elements” (dhātu) as well as one of the “eleven form components” (rūpaskandha).

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Ghrāṇa (घ्राण, “smelling”) or ghrāṇendriya refers to one of the “five sense-organs” (pañcendriya), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 2.19. What is the meaning of smell sense organ? The sense organ used by its owner for smelling an object of knowledge is called smell sense organ. (ghrāṇa-indriya).

The respective object of smelling (ghrāṇa) is odour/ smell (gandha). What is the meaning of smell? Cognition which results by smelling the object of knowledge is called smell/odour.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 2: the Category of the living
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

ghrāṇa (घ्राण).—n (S) The nose. 2 The sense of smell.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ghrāṇa (घ्राण).—n The nose. The sense of smell.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ghrāṇa (घ्राण).—p. p. [ghrā karmaṇi-kta] Smelt.

-ṇaḥ, -ṇam 1 Smell.

2) Smelling.

3) The nose (also n.).

-ṇam 1 The act of smelling; घ्राणेन सूकरा हन्ति (ghrāṇena sūkarā hanti) Ms.3.241.

2) Odour, scent.

3) The nose; गन्धाय घ्राणमथ यो वेद (gandhāya ghrāṇamatha yo veda) Ch. Up.8.12.4; बुद्धीन्द्रियाणि चक्षुः श्रोत्रघ्राणरसनात्वगाख्यानि (buddhīndriyāṇi cakṣuḥ śrotraghrāṇarasanātvagākhyāni) Sāṅ. K.26; Ku.3.47, Ṛs.6.27; Ms.5.135.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 32 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Ghrāṇendriya (घ्राणेन्द्रिय).—the organ or sense of smell; नासाग्रवर्ति घ्राणम् (nāsāgravarti g...
Ghrāṇadhātu (घ्राणधातु) or simply ghrāṇa refers to the “nose element” and represents one of the...
Ghrāṇarūpaskandha (घ्राणरूपस्कन्ध) or simply ghrāṇa refers to the “nose form component” and rep...
Ghrāṇāyatana (घ्राणायतन) or simply ghrāṇa refers to the “sense sphere of the nose” and represen...
Ghrāṇavijñāna (घ्राणविज्ञान, “nose-consciousness”) or ghrāṇavijñānadhātu refers to one of the “...
Gandhaghrāṇa (गन्धघ्राण).—the smelling of any odour. Derivable forms: gandhaghrāṇam (गन्धघ्राणम...
Ghrāṇapāka (घ्राणपाक).—a disease of the nose. Derivable forms: ghrāṇapākaḥ (घ्राणपाकः).Ghrāṇapā...
Ghrāṇacakṣus (घ्राणचक्षुस्).—a. 'having nose for the eyes', blind (who smells out his way). Ghr...
Ghrāṇatarpaṇa (घ्राणतर्पण).—a. grateful or pleasant to the nose, fragrant, odorous. -ṇam fragra...
Ghrāṇatattva (घ्राणतत्त्व, “nose, smell”):—One of the Thirty-six Tattvas, according to...
Ghrāṇapuṭakā (घ्राणपुटका).—nostril; Mārk. P.65.22. Ghrāṇapuṭakā is a Sanskrit compound consisti...
Dūraghrāṇa (दूरघ्राण) or Dūraghrāṇasamartha refers to “tele-smell intellect” and represents one...
Gandha (गन्ध, “smell”) or Gandhaguṇa refers to one of the twenty-four guṇas (qualities) accordi...
Indriya (इन्द्रिय, “senses”) refers to one of the twelve prameya (“objects of valid knowledge) ...
Dhātu (धातु) refers to “minerals”, representing materials used for the making of images (Hindu ...

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