Adhibhuta, Adhibhūta: 10 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Adhibhuta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Adhibhuta in Yoga glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Yoga

Adhibhūta (अधिभूत) refers to “that which pertains to the elements”. The Subālopaniṣad (fifth section) draws correspondences between that which pertains to the body (adhyātma), the elements (adhibhūta) and their presiding deities (adhidaivata).

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Kosha (encyclopedic lexicons)

[«previous next»] — Adhibhuta in Kosha glossary
Source: Google Books: Kalātattvakośa, volume 3

Adhibhūta (अधिभूत).—The three terms, viz. adhibhūta, adhidaiva and adhyātma—are known today as a triad but they have also been used singly or in pairs, viz. adhibhūta-adhyātma, adhibhūta-adhidaiva, adhidaiva-adhyātma, their order being insignificant. Basically, the three stand for the outer or tangible (adhibhūta), the intangible described as divine (adhidaiva) and the one pertaining to the ‘self’ identified with the body, mindm, ātman, etc. (adhyātma).

Adhibhūta has been explained as of perishable nature because it relates to contingent beings. The word adhbibhūta is derived from the root bhū-‘to become’ with the suffix kta. With the prefix adhi, bhūti becomes neuter indeclinable compound adhibhūtam.

Adhibhūta denotes all that belongs to the material or elemental existence. Elemental creation consists of fivefold divisions. The Taittirīya-āraṇyaka (7.7.1) mentions them as follows:

Lokapañcaka (fivefold worlds):

  1. pṛthivī (earth),
  2. antarikṣa (space),
  3. dyau (heaven),
  4. diśas (main quarters),
  5. avāntaradiśas (intermediate quarters).

Devatāpañcaka (fivefold divinities):

  1. agni (fire),
  2. vāyu (wind),
  3. āditya (sun),
  4. candramas (moon),
  5. nakṣatrāṇi (stars).

Dravyapañcaka (fivefold substances):

  1. āpas (waters),
  2. oṣadhayas (herbs, plants),
  3. vanaspatayas (trees),
  4. ākāśa (space, ether),
  5. ātman (self, body).
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Kosha (कोश, kośa) refers to Sanskrit lexicons intended to provide additional information regarding technical terms used in religion, philosophy and the various sciences (shastra). The oldest extant thesaurus (kosha) dates to the 4th century AD.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Adhibhūta (अधिभूत) refers to “all gross phenomena”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Adhibhuta in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

adhibhūta : (pp. of adhibhavati) overpowered.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Adhibhūta, (cp. adhibhū & adhibhūta) overpowered S.IV, 186. (Page 29)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Adhibhuta in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

adhibhūta (अधिभूत).—n S An entity; a real existence or being; an object of human cognizance or apprehension. See adhidēvata.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

adhibhūta (अधिभूत).—n An entity, an object of human cognizance or apprehension.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Adhibhuta in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adhibhūta (अधिभूत).—n.

(-taṃ) An essential element of matter, perishable matter, that of which the presence involves eventual dissolution. E. adhi over, and bhūta an element.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adhibhūta (अधिभूत).—[neuter] the highest being.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Adhibhūta (अधिभूत):—[=adhi-bhūta] [from adhi-bhū] n. the spiritual or fine substratum of material or gross objects

2) [v.s. ...] the all penetrating influence of the Supreme Spirit

3) [v.s. ...] the Supreme Spirit itself

4) [v.s. ...] nature

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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