Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

brahmovāca |
ahaṃkārātprasūtāni mahābhūtāni pañca vai |
pṛthivī vāyurākāśamāpo jyotiśca pañcamam || 1 ||
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teṣu bhūtāni muhyante mahābhūteṣu pañcasu |
śabdasparśanarūpeṣu rasagandhakriyāsu ca || 2 ||
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mahābhūtavināśānte pralaye pratyupasthite |
sarvaprāṇabhṛtāṃ dhīrā mahadutpadyate bhayam || 3 ||
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yadyasmājjāyate bhūtaṃ tatra tatpravilīyate |
līyante pratilomāni jāyante cottarottaram || 4 ||
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tataḥ pralīne sarvasminbhūte sthāvarajaṅgame |
smṛtimantastadā dhīrā na līyante kadācana || 5 ||
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śabdaḥ sparśastathā rūpaṃ raso gandhaśca pañcamaḥ |
kriyākāraṇayuktāḥ syuranityā mohasaṃjñitāḥ || 6 ||
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lobhaprajanasaṃyuktā nirviśeṣā hyakiṃcanāḥ |
māṃsaśoṇitasaṃghātā anyonyasyopajīvinaḥ || 7 ||
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bahirātmāna ityete dīnāḥ kṛpaṇavṛttayaḥ |
prāṇāpānāvudānaśca samāno vyāna eva ca || 8 ||
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antarātmeti cāpyete niyatāḥ pañca vāyavaḥ |
vāṅmanobuddhirityebhiḥ sārdhamaṣṭātmakaṃ jagat || 9 ||
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tvagghrāṇaśrotracakṣūṃṣi rasanaṃ vākca saṃyatā |
viśuddhaṃ ca mano yasya buddhiścāvyabhicāriṇī || 10 ||
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aṣṭau yasyāgnayo hyete na dahante manaḥ sadā |
sa tadbrahma śubhaṃ yāti yasmādbhūyo na vidyate || 11 ||
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ekādaśa ca yānyāhurindriyāṇi viśeṣataḥ |
ahaṃkāraprasūtāni tāni vakṣyāmyahaṃ dvijāḥ || 12 ||
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śrotraṃ tvakcakṣuṣī jihvā nāsikā caiva pañcamī |
pādau pāyurupasthaṃ ca hastau vāgdaśamī bhavet || 13 ||
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indriyagrāma ityeṣa mana ekādaśaṃ bhavet |
etaṃ grāmaṃ jayetpūrvaṃ tato brahma prakāśate || 14 ||
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buddhīndriyāṇi pañcāhuḥ pañca karmendriyāṇi ca |
śrotrādīnyapi pañcāhurbuddhiyuktāni tattvataḥ || 15 ||
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aviśeṣāṇi cānyāni karmayuktāni tāni tu |
ubhayatra mano jñeyaṃ buddhirdvādaśamī bhavet || 16 ||
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ityuktānīndriyāṇīmānyekādaśa mayā kramāt |
manyante kṛtamityeva viditvaitāni paṇḍitāḥ || 17 ||
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trīṇi sthānāni bhūtānāṃ caturthaṃ nopapadyate |
sthalamāpastathākāśaṃ janma cāpi caturvidham || 18 ||
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aṇḍajodbhijjasaṃsvedajarāyujamathāpi ca |
caturdhā janma ityetadbhūtagrāmasya lakṣyate || 19 ||
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acarāṇyapi bhūtāni khecarāṇi tathaiva ca |
aṇḍajāni vijānīyātsarvāṃścaiva sarīsṛpān || 20 ||
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saṃsvedāḥ kṛmayaḥ proktā jantavaśca tathāvidhāḥ |
janma dvitīyamityetajjaghanyataramucyate || 21 ||
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bhittvā tu pṛthivīṃ yāni jāyante kālaparyayāt |
udbhijjānīti tānyāhurbhūtāni dvijasattamāḥ || 22 ||
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dvipādabahupādāni tiryaggatimatīni ca |
jarāyujāni bhūtāni vitta tānyapi sattamāḥ || 23 ||
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dvividhāpīha vijñeyā brahmayoniḥ sanātanā |
tapaḥ karma ca yatpuṇyamityeṣa viduṣāṃ nayaḥ || 24 ||
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dvividhaṃ karma vijñeyamijyā dānaṃ ca yanmakhe |
jātasyādhyayanaṃ puṇyamiti vṛddhānuśāsanam || 25 ||
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etadyo veda vidhivatsa muktaḥ syāddvijarṣabhāḥ |
vimuktaḥ sarvapāpebhya iti caiva nibodhata || 26 ||
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ākāśaṃ prathamaṃ bhūtaṃ śrotramadhyātmamucyate |
adhibhūtaṃ tathā śabdo diśastatrādhidaivatam || 27 ||
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dvitīyaṃ māruto bhūtaṃ tvagadhyātmaṃ ca viśrutam |
spraṣṭavyamadhibhūtaṃ ca vidyuttatrādhidaivatam || 28 ||
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tṛtīyaṃ jyotirityāhuścakṣuradhyātmamucyate |
adhibhūtaṃ tato rūpaṃ sūryastatrādhidaivatam || 29 ||
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caturthamāpo vijñeyaṃ jihvā cādhyātmamiṣyate |
adhibhūtaṃ rasaścātra somastatrādhidaivatam || 30 ||
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pṛthivī pañcamaṃ bhūtaṃ ghrāṇaścādhyātmamiṣyate |
adhibhūtaṃ tathā gandho vāyustatrādhidaivatam || 31 ||
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eṣa pañcasu bhūteṣu catuṣṭayavidhiḥ smṛtaḥ |
ataḥ paraṃ pravakṣyāmi sarvaṃ trividhamindriyam || 32 ||
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pādāvadhyātmamityāhurbrāhmaṇāstattvadarśinaḥ |
adhibhūtaṃ tu gantavyaṃ viṣṇustatrādhidaivatam || 33 ||
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avāggatirapānaśca pāyuradhyātmamiṣyate |
adhibhūtaṃ visargaśca mitrastatrādhidaivatam || 34 ||
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prajanaḥ sarvabhūtānāmupastho'dhyātmamucyate |
adhibhūtaṃ tathā śukraṃ daivataṃ ca prajāpatiḥ || 35 ||
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hastāvadhyātmamityāhuradhyātmaviduṣo janāḥ |
adhibhūtaṃ tu karmāṇi śakrastatrādhidaivatam || 36 ||
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vaiśvadevī manaḥpūrvā vāgadhyātmamihocyate |
vaktavyamadhibhūtaṃ ca vahnistatrādhidaivatam || 37 ||
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adhyātmaṃ mana ityāhuḥ pañcabhūtānucārakam |
adhibhūtaṃ ca mantavyaṃ candramāścādhidaivatam || 38 ||
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adhyātmaṃ buddhirityāhuḥ ṣaḍindriyavicāriṇī |
adhibhūtaṃ tu vijñeyaṃ brahmā tatrādhidaivatam || 39 ||
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yathāvadadhyātmavidhireṣa vaḥ kīrtito mayā |
jñānamasya hi dharmajñāḥ prāptaṃ buddhimatāmiha || 40 ||
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indriyāṇīndriyārthāśca mahābhūtāni pañca ca |
sarvāṇyetāni saṃdhāya manasā saṃpradhārayet || 41 ||
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kṣīṇe manasi sarvasminna janmasukhamiṣyate |
jñānasaṃpannasattvānāṃ tatsukhaṃ viduṣāṃ matam || 42 ||
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ataḥ paraṃ pravakṣyāmi sūkṣmabhāvakarīṃ śivām |
nivṛttiṃ sarvabhūteṣu mṛdunā dāruṇena vā || 43 ||
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guṇāguṇamanāsaṅgamekacaryamanantaram |
etadbrāhmaṇato vṛttamāhurekapadaṃ sukham || 44 ||
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vidvānkūrma ivāṅgāni kāmānsaṃhṛtya sarvaśaḥ |
virajāḥ sarvato mukto yo naraḥ sa sukhī sadā || 45 ||
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kāmānātmani saṃyamya kṣīṇatṛṣṇaḥ samāhitaḥ |
sarvabhūtasuhṛnmaitro brahmabhūyaṃ sa gacchati || 46 ||
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indriyāṇāṃ nirodhena sarveṣāṃ viṣayaiṣiṇām |
munerjanapadatyāgādadhyātmāgniḥ samidhyate || 47 ||
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yathāgnirindhanairiddho mahājyotiḥ prakāśate |
tathendriyanirodhena mahānātmā prakāśate || 48 ||
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yadā paśyati bhūtāni prasannātmātmano hṛdi |
svayaṃyonistadā sūkṣmātsūkṣmamāpnotyanuttamam || 49 ||
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agnī rūpaṃ payaḥ sroto vāyuḥ sparśanameva ca |
mahī paṅkadharaṃ ghoramākāśaṃ śravaṇaṃ tathā || 50 ||
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rāgaśokasamāviṣṭaṃ pañcasrotaḥsamāvṛtam |
pañcabhūtasamāyuktaṃ navadvāraṃ dvidaivatam || 51 ||
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rajasvalamathādṛśyaṃ triguṇaṃ ca tridhātukam |
saṃsargābhirataṃ mūḍhaṃ śarīramiti dhāraṇā || 52 ||
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duścaraṃ jīvaloke'sminsattvaṃ prati samāśritam |
etadeva hi loke'sminkālacakraṃ pravartate || 53 ||
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etanmahārṇavaṃ ghoramagādhaṃ mohasaṃjñitam |
visṛjetsaṃkṣipeccaiva bodhayetsāmaraṃ jagat || 54 ||
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kāmakrodhau bhayaṃ mohamabhidrohamathānṛtam |
indriyāṇāṃ nirodhena sa tāṃstyajati dustyajān || 55 ||
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yasyaite nirjitā loke triguṇāḥ pañca dhātavaḥ |
vyomni tasya paraṃ sthānamanantamatha lakṣyate || 56 ||
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kāmakūlāmapārāntāṃ manaḥsrotobhayāvahām |
nadīṃ durgahradāṃ tīrṇaḥ kāmakrodhāvubhau jayet || 57 ||
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sa sarvadoṣanirmuktastataḥ paśyati yatparam |
mano manasi saṃdhāya paśyatyātmānamātmani || 58 ||
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sarvavitsarvabhūteṣu vīkṣatyātmānamātmani |
ekadhā bahudhā caiva vikurvāṇastatastataḥ || 59 ||
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dhruvaṃ paśyati rūpāṇi dīpāddīpaśataṃ yathā |
sa vai viṣṇuśca mitraśca varuṇo'gniḥ prajāpatiḥ || 60 ||
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sa hi dhātā vidhātā ca sa prabhuḥ sarvatomukhaḥ |
hṛdayaṃ sarvabhūtānāṃ mahānātmā prakāśate || 61 ||
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taṃ viprasaṃghāśca surāsurāśca yakṣāḥ piśācāḥ pitaro vayāṃsi |
rakṣogaṇā bhūtagaṇāśca sarve maharṣayaścaiva sadā stuvanti || 62 ||
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Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Chapter 42

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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