Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 11.2.6

न चाप्येतान्हतान्युद्धे राजञ्शोचितुमर्हसि ।
प्रमाणं यदि शास्त्राणि गतास्ते परमां गतिम् ॥ ६ ॥

na cāpyetānhatānyuddhe rājañśocitumarhasi |
pramāṇaṃ yadi śāstrāṇi gatāste paramāṃ gatim || 6 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...O king, even this is the final end of all living creatures. Everything massed together ends in destruction; everything that gets high is sure to fall down. Union is certain...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (11.2.6). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Hata, Uddhi, Uddha, Rajan, Rajat, Pramana, Yadi, Yad, Shastra, Gata, Tad, Yushmad, Parama, Gati,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 11.2.6). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “na cāpyetānhatānyuddhe rājañśocitumarhasi
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • cāpyetā -
  • ci (verb class 0)
    [optative passive third single]
  • ān -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • hatānyu -
  • hata (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    han -> hata (participle, neuter)
    [nominative plural from √han class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √han class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √han class 1 verb], [nominative plural from √han class 2 verb], [vocative plural from √han class 2 verb], [accusative plural from √han class 2 verb]
  • uddhe -
  • uddhi (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    uddhā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • rājañś -
  • rājan (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    rāj -> rājat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √rāj class 1 verb], [vocative single from √rāj class 1 verb]
  • śocitum -
  • śuc -> śocitum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √śuc]
    śuc -> śocitum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √śuc]
    śuc -> śocitum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √śuc]
  • arhasi -
  • arh (verb class 1)
    [present active second single]
  • Line 2: “pramāṇaṃ yadi śāstrāṇi gatāste paramāṃ gatim
  • pramāṇam -
  • pramāṇa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    pramāṇa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • yadi -
  • yadi (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    yadi (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yadi (indeclinable)
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • śāstrāṇi -
  • śāstra (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • gatās -
  • gata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    gatā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • paramām -
  • paramā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • gatim -
  • gati (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    gati (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 11.2.6

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 11.2.6 in Kannada sript:
ನ ಚಾಪ್ಯೇತಾನ್ಹತಾನ್ಯುದ್ಧೇ ರಾಜಞ್ಶೋಚಿತುಮರ್ಹಸಿ ।
ಪ್ರಮಾಣಂ ಯದಿ ಶಾಸ್ತ್ರಾಣಿ ಗತಾಸ್ತೇ ಪರಮಾಂ ಗತಿಮ್ ॥ ೬ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 11.2.6 in Bengali sript:
ন চাপ্যেতান্হতান্যুদ্ধে রাজঞ্শোচিতুমর্হসি ।
প্রমাণং যদি শাস্ত্রাণি গতাস্তে পরমাং গতিম্ ॥ ৬ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 11.2.6 in Gujarati sript:
ન ચાપ્યેતાન્હતાન્યુદ્ધે રાજઞ્શોચિતુમર્હસિ ।
પ્રમાણં યદિ શાસ્ત્રાણિ ગતાસ્તે પરમાં ગતિમ્ ॥ ૬ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 11.2.6 in Malayalam sript:
ന ചാപ്യേതാന്ഹതാന്യുദ്ധേ രാജഞ്ശോചിതുമര്ഹസി ।
പ്രമാണം യദി ശാസ്ത്രാണി ഗതാസ്തേ പരമാം ഗതിമ് ॥ ൬ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 11.2.6 in Telugu sript:
న చాప్యేతాన్హతాన్యుద్ధే రాజఞ్శోచితుమర్హసి ।
ప్రమాణం యది శాస్త్రాణి గతాస్తే పరమాం గతిమ్ ॥ ౬ ॥

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