Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 9.19.11

ततस्तु तं वै द्विरदं महात्मा प्रत्युद्ययौ त्वरमाणो जयाय ।
जम्भो यथा शक्रसमागमे वै नागेन्द्रमैरावणमिन्द्रवाह्यम् ॥ ११ ॥

tatastu taṃ vai dviradaṃ mahātmā pratyudyayau tvaramāṇo jayāya |
jambho yathā śakrasamāgame vai nāgendramairāvaṇamindravāhyam || 11 ||

Note! The following is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...invincible in battle, having approached Bhimasena, uttered furious shouts. They then spoke not to one another. Encompassing Bhima in that battle, they began to strike...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (9.19.11). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tatah, Tad, Tata, Dvirada, Mahatman, Mahatma, Prati, Tvaramana, Jaya, Jambha, Yatha, Shakra, Samagama, Nagendra, Airavana, Indra, Vahya, Vahi,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 9.19.11). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tatastu taṃ vai dviradaṃ mahātmā pratyudyayau tvaramāṇo jayāya
  • tatas -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • tam -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    tan (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • vai -
  • (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single], [imperative middle first single]
  • dviradam -
  • dvirada (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    dvirada (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    dviradā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • mahātmā -
  • mahātman (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    mahātmā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • pratyu -
  • prati (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    prati (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    pratī (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    pratī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    pratī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • udyayau -
  • tvaramāṇo* -
  • tvar -> tvaramāṇa (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tvar class 1 verb]
  • jayāya -
  • jaya (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    jaya (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
  • Line 2: “jambho yathā śakrasamāgame vai nāgendramairāvaṇamindravāhyam
  • jambho* -
  • jambha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • yathā -
  • yathā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    yathā (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yathā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • śakra -
  • śakra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    śakra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • samāgame -
  • samāgama (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • vai -
  • (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single], [imperative middle first single]
  • nāgendram -
  • nāgendra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • airāvaṇam -
  • airāvaṇa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • indra -
  • indra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vāhyam -
  • vāhya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vāhya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    vāhyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    vah -> vāhya (participle, masculine)
    [adverb from √vah]
    vah -> vāhya (participle, neuter)
    [adverb from √vah]
    vah -> vāhyā (participle, feminine)
    [adverb from √vah]
    vāh -> vāhya (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √vāh class 1 verb]
    vāh -> vāhya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √vāh class 1 verb], [accusative single from √vāh class 1 verb]
    vah -> vāhya (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √vah class 1 verb], [accusative single from √vah]
    vah -> vāhya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √vah class 1 verb], [accusative single from √vah class 1 verb], [nominative single from √vah], [accusative single from √vah]
    vāhī (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 9.19.11

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

Buy now!

Preview of verse 9.19.11 in Kannada sript:
ತತಸ್ತು ತಂ ವೈ ದ್ವಿರದಂ ಮಹಾತ್ಮಾ ಪ್ರತ್ಯುದ್ಯಯೌ ತ್ವರಮಾಣೋ ಜಯಾಯ ।
ಜಮ್ಭೋ ಯಥಾ ಶಕ್ರಸಮಾಗಮೇ ವೈ ನಾಗೇನ್ದ್ರಮೈರಾವಣಮಿನ್ದ್ರವಾಹ್ಯಮ್ ॥ ೧೧ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 9.19.11 in Bengali sript:
ততস্তু তং বৈ দ্বিরদং মহাত্মা প্রত্যুদ্যযৌ ত্বরমাণো জযায ।
জম্ভো যথা শক্রসমাগমে বৈ নাগেন্দ্রমৈরাবণমিন্দ্রবাহ্যম্ ॥ ১১ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 9.19.11 in Gujarati sript:
તતસ્તુ તં વૈ દ્વિરદં મહાત્મા પ્રત્યુદ્યયૌ ત્વરમાણો જયાય ।
જમ્ભો યથા શક્રસમાગમે વૈ નાગેન્દ્રમૈરાવણમિન્દ્રવાહ્યમ્ ॥ ૧૧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 9.19.11 in Malayalam sript:
തതസ്തു തം വൈ ദ്വിരദം മഹാത്മാ പ്രത്യുദ്യയൌ ത്വരമാണോ ജയായ ।
ജമ്ഭോ യഥാ ശക്രസമാഗമേ വൈ നാഗേന്ദ്രമൈരാവണമിന്ദ്രവാഹ്യമ് ॥ ൧൧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!

Preview of verse 9.19.11 in Telugu sript:
తతస్తు తం వై ద్విరదం మహాత్మా ప్రత్యుద్యయౌ త్వరమాణో జయాయ ।
జమ్భో యథా శక్రసమాగమే వై నాగేన్ద్రమైరావణమిన్ద్రవాహ్యమ్ ॥ ౧౧ ॥

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