Nagendra, Nāgendra, Nāgendrā, Naga-indra: 7 definitions
Nagendra means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)Source: Google Books: Vajrayogini
Nāgendra (नागेन्द्र) is another name for Varuṇa: protector deity of the western cremation ground.—Varuṇa is a prominent god in the Vedas; his later association is as lord of the waters. Hence, he is listed as Nāgendra (Saṃvarodayatantra 17.39) and is described in the Adbhutaśmaśānālaṃkāra as mounted on a makara. He is red in color and brandishes a lasso and skull cup.
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
India history and geographySource: Wisdom Library: India History
Nagendra (or, Nāgendrā) refers to one of the 84 castes (gaccha) in the Jain community according to local Gujarat tradition. The Jain caste and sub-caste system was a comparatively later development within their community, and it may have arisen from the ancient classification of Brāhmaṇa, Kṣatriya, Vaiśya and Śūdra. Before distinction of these classes (such as Nagendra), the society was not divided into distinct separate sections, but all were considered as different ways of life and utmost importance was attached to individual chartacter and mode of behaviour.
According to Dr. Vilas Adinath Sangava, “Jainism does not recognise castes (viz., Nagendra) as such and at the same time the Jaina books do not specifically obstruct the observance of caste rules by the members of the Jaina community. The attitude of Jainism towards caste is that it is one of the social practices, unconnected with religion, observed by people; and it was none of its business to regulate the working of the caste system” (source).
The legendary account of the origin of these 84 Jain castes (e.g., Nagendra) relate that once a rich Jain invited members of the Jain community in order to establish a vaiśya-mahāsabhā (i.e. Central Association of Traders). In response, 84 representatives came from different places, and they were later seen as the progenitors of these castes. Various sources however mention differences in the list.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) Himālaya (the lord of mountains); रश्मिष्विवादाय नगेन्द्रसक्तां निवर्तयामास नृपस्य दृष्टिम् (raśmiṣvivādāya nagendrasaktāṃ nivartayāmāsa nṛpasya dṛṣṭim) R.2.28.
2) the Sumeru mountain.
Derivable forms: nagendraḥ (नगेन्द्रः).
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Nāgendra (नागेन्द्र).—1 a lordly or superior elephant; नागेन्द्रहस्तास्त्वचि कर्कशत्वात (nāgendrahastāstvaci karkaśatvāta)... कदलीविशेषाः (kadalīviśeṣāḥ) Ku.
2) Airāvata, Indra's elephant; कुथेन नागेन्द्रमिवेन्द्रवाहनम् (kuthena nāgendramivendravāhanam) Śi.
3) an epithet of Śeṣa.
Derivable forms: nāgendraḥ (नागेन्द्रः).
Nāgendra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms nāga and indra (इन्द्र).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Nagendra (नगेन्द्र).—[masculine] king of mountains, the Himālaya, Kailāsa, etc.
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Nāgendra (नागेन्द्र).—[masculine] = nāgarāja.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Nagendra (नगेन्द्र):—[from na-ga] m. ‘m°-lord’, Name of Himālaya, [Raghuvaṃśa ii, 28]
2) [v.s. ...] of Kailāsa, [Meghadūta 63]
3) [v.s. ...] of Niṣadha, [Raghuvaṃśa xviii, 1.]
4) Nāgendra (नागेन्द्र):—[from nāga] m. serpent-chief, [Mahābhārata; Suśruta]
5) [v.s. ...] a large or noble elephant, [Kāvya literature]
6) [v.s. ...] (ī), Name of a river, [Śatruṃjaya-māhātmya]
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
Nagendra (नगेन्द्र):—(naga + indra) m. der Fürst der Berge: nagendro himavān [Kathāsaritsāgara 22, 16.] der Himālaya [Raghuvaṃśa 2, 28.] der Kailāsa [Meghadūta 63.]
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Nāgendra (नागेन्द्र):—(1. nāga + indra)
1) m. Schlangenfürst, Haupt der Schlangen [Nalopākhyāna 14, 9.] [Suśruta 2, 262, 11.] —
2) f. ī Nomen proprium eines Flusses [Śatruṃjayamāhātmya 1, 54.]
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Nagendra (नगेन्द्र):—der Niṣadha genannt [Raghuvaṃśa 18, 1.]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+32): Bhutananda, Varuna, Rohananagendra, Karkota, Mahapadma, Padma, Huluhulu, Kulika, Vasuki, Takshaka, Maulimandana, Nagadhiraja, Nagadhipa, Yavasa, Meghasvara, Purana, Vata, Shirisha, Shankhapala, Kilikilarava.
Search found 12 books and stories containing Nagendra, Nāgendra, Nāgendrā, Naga-indra, Nāga-indra; (plurals include: Nagendras, Nāgendras, Nāgendrās, indras). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The history of Andhra country (1000 AD - 1500 AD) (by Yashoda Devi)
Part 25 - Nagendra chakravarti (A.D. 1417-1422) < [Chapter XI - The Chalukyas]
Part 23 - Upendra V (A.D. 1377) < [Chapter XI - The Chalukyas]
Part 26 - Narasimha (A.D. 1422-1437) < [Chapter XI - The Chalukyas]
The Mahabharata (English) (by Kisari Mohan Ganguli)
The Devi Bhagavata Purana (by Swami Vijñanananda)
Chapter 39 - The Worship of the World Mother < [Book 7]
Chapter 1 - On the description of Prakṛti < [Book 9]
Puranic encyclopaedia (by Vettam Mani)
The backdrop of the Srikanthacarita and the Mankhakosa (by Dhrubajit Sarma)
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)