Nagendra, Nāgendra, Nāgendrā, Naga-indra: 8 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Nagendra means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Google Books: Vajrayogini

Nāgendra (नागेन्द्र) is another name for Varuṇa: protector deity of the western cremation ground.—Varuṇa is a prominent god in the Vedas; his later association is as lord of the waters. Hence, he is listed as Nāgendra (Saṃvarodayatantra 17.39) and is described in the Adbhutaśmaśānālaṃkāra as mounted on a makara. He is red in color and brandishes a lasso and skull cup.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geography

Source: Wisdom Library: India History

Nagendra (or, Nāgendrā) refers to one of the 84 castes (gaccha) in the Jain community according to local Gujarat tradition. The Jain caste and sub-caste system was a comparatively later development within their community, and it may have arisen from the ancient classification of Brāhmaṇa, Kṣatriya, Vaiśya and Śūdra. Before distinction of these classes (such as Nagendra), the society was not divided into distinct separate sections, but all were considered as different ways of life and utmost importance was attached to individual chartacter and mode of behaviour.

According to Dr. Vilas Adinath Sangava, “Jainism does not recognise castes (viz., Nagendra) as such and at the same time the Jaina books do not specifically obstruct the observance of caste rules by the members of the Jaina community. The attitude of Jainism towards caste is that it is one of the social practices, unconnected with religion, observed by people; and it was none of its business to regulate the working of the caste system” (source).

The legendary account of the origin of these 84 Jain castes (e.g., Nagendra) relate that once a rich Jain invited members of the Jain community in order to establish a vaiśya-mahāsabhā (i.e. Central Association of Traders). In response, 84 representatives came from different places, and they were later seen as the progenitors of these castes. Various sources however mention differences in the list.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nagendra (नगेन्द्र).—

1) Himālaya (the lord of mountains); रश्मिष्विवादाय नगेन्द्रसक्तां निवर्तयामास नृपस्य दृष्टिम् (raśmiṣvivādāya nagendrasaktāṃ nivartayāmāsa nṛpasya dṛṣṭim) R.2.28.

2) the Sumeru mountain.

Derivable forms: nagendraḥ (नगेन्द्रः).

Nagendra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms naga and indra (इन्द्र). See also (synonyms): nagādhipa, nagādhirāja.

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Nāgendra (नागेन्द्र).—1 a lordly or superior elephant; नागेन्द्रहस्तास्त्वचि कर्कशत्वात (nāgendrahastāstvaci karkaśatvāta)... कदलीविशेषाः (kadalīviśeṣāḥ) Ku.

1) 36.

2) Airāvata, Indra's elephant; कुथेन नागेन्द्रमिवेन्द्रवाहनम् (kuthena nāgendramivendravāhanam) Śi.

3) an epithet of Śeṣa.

Derivable forms: nāgendraḥ (नागेन्द्रः).

Nāgendra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms nāga and indra (इन्द्र).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nagendra (नगेन्द्र).—[masculine] king of mountains, the Himālaya, Kailāsa, etc.

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Nāgendra (नागेन्द्र).—[masculine] = nāgarāja.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nagendra (नगेन्द्र):—[from na-ga] m. ‘m°-lord’, Name of Himālaya, [Raghuvaṃśa ii, 28]

2) [v.s. ...] of Kailāsa, [Meghadūta 63]

3) [v.s. ...] of Niṣadha, [Raghuvaṃśa xviii, 1.]

4) Nāgendra (नागेन्द्र):—[from nāga] m. serpent-chief, [Mahābhārata; Suśruta]

5) [v.s. ...] a large or noble elephant, [Kāvya literature]

6) [v.s. ...] (ī), Name of a river, [Śatruṃjaya-māhātmya]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Nagendra (नगेन्द्र) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Ṇagiṃda, Ṇāgiṃda.

[Sanskrit to German]

Nagendra in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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