Jambha, Jambhā: 14 definitions

Introduction:

Jambha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Jambha (जम्भ).—A Daitya (Asura). He was the chief among those who snatched away Amṛta from the hands of Dhanvantari. (Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 3).

In the Purāṇas several Asuras (demons) bearing the name Jambha are mentioned. It is stated in Mahābhārata, Sabhā Parva, Dākṣiṇātyapāṭha, Chapter 38, that Śrī Kṛṣṇa killed an Asura named Jambha. Mention is made in Mahābhārata, Sabhā Parva, Chapter 98, Stanza 49 that the teacher Śukra refused to help a Jambha whom Indra killed later. It occurs in Mahābhārata, Vana Parva, Chapter 102, Stanza 24, that Mahāviṣṇu had killed an asura called Jambha. It is stated in Mahābhārata, Vana Parva, Chapter 285, Stanza 2, that a group of Jambhāsuras, who had undergone training under Rāvaṇa, once attacked Hanūmān. Another Jambhāsura had been killed by Arjuna, as stated in Mahābhārata, Udyoga Parva, Chapter 49. All these Dānavas (Asuras) were sons of Kaśyapa born of his wife Danu.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Jambha (जम्भ).—Father of Kayādhū, and chief of Asuras. Took part in the 6th Devāsura war between Bali and Indra. Fought with Vṛṣā-Kapi. Hearing that Bali had fallen dead Jambha riding on a lion attacked Indra and disabled his elephant. He then turned towards Mātali who brought a chariot to Indra's aid. But his head was cut off by Indra's vajra.1 Led Tāraka's army in a chariot of 100 lions; fought with Yama, Kubera, Janārdana and others but was finally killed.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 18. 12; VIII. 10. 21-32; 11. 13-18; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 6. 10; 72. 81 and 105; Vāyu-purāṇa 97. 103.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 47. 72; 148. 42-54; chh 150-53; 245. 12. Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 6. 14; V. 14. 14.

1b) A son of Bhāṣkala.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 5. 38.

1c) A son of Virocana, and father of four sons.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 67. 76.

1d) A Nāga.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 69.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Dhanurveda (science of warfare)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dhanurveda

Jambha (जम्भ) refers to a weapon (“quiver”; also known as Jambhana). It is a Sanskrit word defined in the Dhanurveda-saṃhitā, which contains a list of no less than 117 weapons. The Dhanurveda-saṃhitā is said to have been composed by the sage Vasiṣṭha, who in turn transmitted it trough a tradition of sages, which can eventually be traced to Śiva and Brahmā.

Dhanurveda book cover
context information

Dhanurveda (धनुर्वेद) refers to the “knowledge of warfare” and, as an upaveda, is associated with the Ṛgveda. It contains instructions on warfare, archery and ancient Indian martial arts, dating back to the 2nd-3rd millennium BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

jambha (जंभ).—m (Formed from dambha. or ḍambha. The ja is j.) Hypocrisy.

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jāmbha (जांभ).—m (Usually jāmba) The rose-apple, the tree or the fruit. 2 C The apple of the cashew.

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jāmbhā (जांभा) [or जांभी, jāmbhī].—a See jāmbēthara.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jambha (जम्भ).—[jabh-ac-num]

1) The jaws (usally in pl.).

2) A tooth.

3) Eating.

4) Biting asunder.

5) A part, portion.

6) A quiver.

7) The chin.

8) Yawning, gaping.

9) Name of a demon killed by Indra.

1) One who devours a demon.

11) Explanation, interpretation.

12) The citron tree.

13) The bellows; L. D. B.

Derivable forms: jambhaḥ (जम्भः).

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Jambhā (जम्भा).—A yawn, gaping.

See also (synonyms): jambhakā, jambhikā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jambha (जम्भ).—m.

(-mbhaḥ) 1. A tooth. 2. The lime. 3. Food, victuals. 4. The chin. 5. A quiver. 6. A part, a portion. 7. The name of a demon. E. jabhi to destroy, affix ac and num . daityabhede . karaṇe ghañ dante . karmaṇi ghañ jambīre . bhāve ghañ bhakṣaṇe . karmaṇi ghañ aṃśe . karaṇe ghañ tūṇe hanau ca .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jambha (जम्भ).—i. e. jabh + a, I. m., f. bhā, and n. 1. The jaws, the teeth, a tooth (ved.). 2. Cracking, explaining, Mahābhārata 5, 2474. Ii. m. A proper name.

— Cf. [Anglo-Saxon.] geaflas.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jambha (जम्भ).—1. [masculine] tooth, tusk, the jaws, mouth; swallowing, devouring.

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Jambha (जम्भ).—2. [masculine] crusher, devourer; [Name] of a cert. demons.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Jambha (जम्भ):—[from jabh] a m. a tooth, eye-tooth, tusk, ([plural]) set of teeth, mouth, jaws, [Ṛg-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā xi, 79] ([dual number]), [; xv, 15; Atharva-veda iii, 27, 1-6]

2) [v.s. ...] swallowing, [Ṛg-veda i, 37, 5]

3) [v.s. ...] (bha) one who crushes or swallows (as a demon), [Atharva-veda ii, 4, 2; viii, 1, 16; Kauśika-sūtra]

4) [v.s. ...] ([gana] śivādi) Name of several demons (conquered by Viṣṇu or Kṛṣṇa, [Mahābhārata iii, v, vii; Harivaṃśa]; by Indra, [Mahābhārata]), [Mahābhārata i, 2105; iii, 16365; Harivaṃśa 13227; Bhāgavata-purāṇa viii, 10, 21]

5) [v.s. ...] a leader of the demons in the war against the gods under Indra, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa xviii, 16]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of a son (of Prahrāda, [Harivaṃśa 12461]; of Hiraṇya-kaśipu, [12914])

7) [v.s. ...] of the father-in-law of Hiraṇya-kaśipu, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa vi, 18, 11]

8) [v.s. ...] of Sunda’s father[, Rāmāyaṇa i, 27, 7]

9) [v.s. ...] Indra’s thunderbolt, [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes]

10) [v.s. ...] a charm (?), [Mahābhārata v, 64, 20]

11) [v.s. ...] = bhin, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) [v.s. ...] a quiver, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) [v.s. ...] a part, portion, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) Jambhā (जम्भा):—[from jambha > jabh] f. (= jrimbhā) opening of the mouth, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) Jambha (जम्भ):—[from jabh] cf. ku-, tapur., tigma-, tṛṣṭa-, vīlu-

16) [v.s. ...] su-jambha and antar-jambha (cf. γαμφηλαί.)

17) [from jambh] b See √1. jabh.

18) Jāmbha (जाम्भ):—[patronymic] [from] jambha [gana] śivādi.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jambha (जम्भ):—(mbhaḥ) 1. m. A tooth; a lime; food; the chin; a quiver; a portion; a demon.

[Sanskrit to German]

Jambha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Jaṃbhā (जंभा) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Jṛmbhā.

2) Jaṃbhā (जंभा) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Jṛmbhā.

3) Jaṃbhā (जंभा) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Jṛmbh.

Jaṃbhā has the following synonyms: Jaṃbhāa.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Jaṃbha (ಜಂಭ):—[noun] = ಜಂಬ [jamba]1.

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Jaṃbha (ಜಂಭ):—

1) [noun] = ಜಂಬೀರ - [jambira -]1 & 2.

2) [noun] the side portion of either of the two bones or bony parts (the jaw) that hold the teeth and frame the mouth in most vertebrates.

3) [noun] the opening, consisting of the lips, teeth, tongue and the cavity therein, through which an animal takes food; the mouth.

4) [noun] any of the set of hard structure set in the jaws used for biting, seizing, tearing, chewing, masticating, etc.; a tooth.

5) [noun] the act of biting, chewing of masticating.

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Jāṃbha (ಜಾಂಭ):—

1) [noun] the small, thorny semitropical tree Citrus aurantium of Rutaceae family.

2) [noun] its fruit.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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