Kathasaritsagara [sanskrit]

by C. H. Tawney | 2014 | 226,424 words | ISBN-13: 9789350501351

The Sanskrit edition of the Kathasaritsagara referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Somadeva and dating from the 12th century, the Kathasaritsagara (or Katha-sarit-sagara) represents an epic legend narrating the adventures of Naravahanadatta as he strives to become the destined emperor of the Vidyadharas. Alternative titles: (Kathāsaritsāgara, कथासरित्सागर, Kathā-sarit-sāgara)

Verse 3.4.308

किमिदं वणिजा तेन कृतं किमथवोच्यते ।
कृतघ्ना धनलोभान्धा नोपकारेक्षणक्षमाः ॥ ३०८ ॥

kimidaṃ vaṇijā tena kṛtaṃ kimathavocyate |
kṛtaghnā dhanalobhāndhā nopakārekṣaṇakṣamāḥ || 308 ||

The English translation of Kathasaritsagara Verse 3.4.308 is contained in the book The Ocean of Story by C.H. Tawney. This book is available online or you could buy the latest edition:

Read online Buy now! English translation by C.H. Tawney (2014)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.4.308). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Kimi, Vanij, Vanija, Tad, Tena, Krit, Krita, Kim, Ucyat, Kritaghna, Dhanalobha, Dha, Nri, Upakara, Ikshana, Kshama,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Kathasaritsagara Verse 3.4.308). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line1: “kimidaṃ vaṇijā tena kṛtaṃ kimathavocyate”
  • kimi -
  • kimi (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
    kimi (noun, feminine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
    kimi (noun, neuter); (5 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
    kimi (nominative single)
    kimi (vocative single)
    kimi (accusative single)
  • dam -
  • da (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    dam (adverb)
    dam (accusative single)
    da (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    dam (adverb)
    dam (nominative single)
    dam (accusative single)
    (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    dam (adverb)
    (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    dam (adverb)
  • vaṇijā -
  • vaṇij (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    vaṇijā (instrumental single)
    vaṇijā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    vaṇijā (nominative single)
  • tena -
  • tena (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    tena (vocative single)
    ta (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    tena (instrumental single)
    ta (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    tena (instrumental single)
    tad (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    tena (instrumental single)
    sa (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    tena (instrumental single)
    tan (verb class 8); (1 der.)
    tena (perfect active second plural)
    tan (verb class 4); (1 der.)
    tena (perfect active second plural)
    tan (verb class 1); (1 der.)
    tena (perfect active second plural)
  • kṛtam -
  • kṛta (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    kṛtam (adverb)
    kṛtam (accusative single)
    kṛta (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    kṛtam (adverb)
    kṛtam (nominative single)
    kṛtam (accusative single)
    kṛtā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    kṛtam (adverb)
    kṛt (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    kṛtam (accusative single)
    kṛ -> kṛta (participle, masculine); (4 der.)
    kṛtam (accusative single), from √kṛ (class 1 verb)
    kṛtam (accusative single), from √kṛ (class 2 verb)
    kṛtam (accusative single), from √kṛ (class 5 verb)
    kṛtam (accusative single), from √kṛ (class 8 verb)
    kṛ -> kṛta (participle, neuter); (8 der.)
    kṛtam (nominative single), from √kṛ (class 1 verb)
    kṛtam (accusative single), from √kṛ (class 1 verb)
    kṛtam (nominative single), from √kṛ (class 2 verb)
    kṛtam (accusative single), from √kṛ (class 2 verb)
    kṛtam (nominative single), from √kṛ (class 5 verb)
    kṛtam (accusative single), from √kṛ (class 5 verb)
    kṛtam (nominative single), from √kṛ (class 8 verb)
    kṛtam (accusative single), from √kṛ (class 8 verb)
    kṛ (verb class 2); (1 der.)
    kṛtam (imperative active second dual)
  • kim -
  • kim (indeclinable interrogative); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable interrogative)
    kim (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable)
    kim (pronoun, neuter); (2 der.)
    kim (nominative single)
    kim (accusative single)
  • athavo -
  • athavā (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable)
  • ucyate -
  • uc -> ucyat (participle, masculine); (1 der.)
    ucyate (dative single), from √uc (class 4 verb)
    uc -> ucyat (participle, neuter); (1 der.)
    ucyate (dative single), from √uc (class 4 verb)
    vac (verb class 2); (1 der.)
    ucyate (present passive third single)
    vac (verb class 3); (1 der.)
    ucyate (present passive third single)
  • Line2: “kṛtaghnā dhanalobhāndhā nopakārekṣaṇakṣamāḥ”
  • kṛtaghnā* -
  • kṛtaghna (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    kṛtaghnāḥ (nominative plural)
    kṛtaghnāḥ (vocative plural)
    kṛtaghnā (noun, feminine); (3 der.)
    kṛtaghnāḥ (nominative plural)
    kṛtaghnāḥ (vocative plural)
    kṛtaghnāḥ (accusative plural)
  • dhanalobhān -
  • dhanalobha (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    dhanalobhān (accusative plural)
  • dhā* -
  • dha (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    dhāḥ (nominative plural)
    dhāḥ (vocative plural)
    dhā (noun, feminine); (6 der.)
    dhāḥ (nominative plural)
    dhāḥ (vocative plural)
    dhāḥ (accusative plural)
    dhāḥ (nominative plural)
    dhāḥ (vocative plural)
    dhāḥ (accusative plural)
    dhā (noun, masculine); (5 der.)
    dhāḥ (nominative single)
    dhāḥ (nominative plural)
    dhāḥ (vocative single)
    dhāḥ (vocative plural)
    dhāḥ (accusative plural)
  • no -
  • na (indeclinable particle); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable particle)
    na (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    na (vocative single)
    na (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    na (vocative single)
    (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    (nominative single)
    nṛ (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    (nominative single)
    nu (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    no (vocative single)
  • upakāre -
  • upakāra (noun, masculine); (3 der.)
    (compound)
    upakāra (vocative single)
    upakāre (locative single)
  • īkṣaṇa -
  • īkṣaṇa (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    īkṣaṇa (vocative single)
  • kṣamāḥ -
  • kṣama (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    kṣamāḥ (nominative plural)
    kṣamāḥ (vocative plural)
    kṣamā (noun, feminine); (3 der.)
    kṣamāḥ (nominative plural)
    kṣamāḥ (vocative plural)
    kṣamāḥ (accusative plural)

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Kathasaritsagara Verse 3.4.308

Cover of edition (2005)

Kathasaritsagar
by Kedarnath Sharma Saraswat (2005)

The Only Edition with the Sanskrit Text and its Hindi Translation (An Old and Rare Book) Set of 3 Vol.

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2013)

Kathasaritsagara of Somadeva Bhatta (Sanskrit Text Only)
by Vasudeva Laksmana Sastri (2013)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (1995)

Katha Sarit Sagar in Marathi
by H. A Bhave (1995)

Set of 5 Volumes; Published by Varada Books, Pune. 2256 pages (Throughout B/W Illustrations).

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2014)

Katha Sarit Sagara (Tamil)
by S. V. Ganapati (எஸ். வி. கணபதி) (2014)

[கதா சரித் சாகரம்] Published by Alliance Publications.

Buy now!
Cover of Bengali edition

Galpa Shono
by Abhijit Chattopadhyay (2014)

[গল্প শোনো] Galpa Shono: Bengali Translation of 'Suno Kahani From Katha Sarit Sagar'; 9788126015436; Published by Sahitya Akademi, Delhi.

Buy now!

Preview of verse 3.4.308 in Bengali sript:
কিমিদং বণিজা তেন কৃতং কিমথবোচ্যতে ।
কৃতঘ্না ধনলোভান্ধা নোপকারেক্ষণক্ষমাঃ ॥ ৩০৮ ॥

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