Hitopadesha [sanskrit]

8,857 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Hitopadesha referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Narayana in the 8th century, the Hitopadesha represents a collection of short stories involving human and animal characters, instructing the reader on basic ancient Indian moral values and ethical conduct. Alternative titles: हितोपदेशः, Hitopadeśa, Hitopadesa.

रहस्य-भेदो याच्ञा च नैष्ठुर्यं चल-चित्तया ।
क्रोधो निःसत्यता द्यूतम् एतन् मित्रस्य दूषणम् ॥ ९९ ॥

rahasya-bhedo yācñā ca naiṣṭhuryaṃ cala-cittayā |
krodho niḥsatyatā dyūtam etan mitrasya dūṣaṇam || 99 ||

The English translation of Hitopadesha Verse 1.99 is contained in the book The Hitopadesa of Sri Narayana Pandita by Satya Narayana dasa. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Satya Narayana dasa (1997)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.99). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Raha, Rahasya, Bheda, Yacna, Naishthurya, Cala, Citta, Krodha, Nihsatyata, Dyuta, Etad, Mitra, Dushana,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Hitopadesha Verse 1.99). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “rahasya-bhedo yācñā ca naiṣṭhuryaṃ cala-cittayā
  • rahasya -
  • rahasya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    rahasya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    raha (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
  • bhedo* -
  • bheda (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • yācñā -
  • yācñā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • naiṣṭhuryam -
  • naiṣṭhurya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • cala -
  • cala (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    cala (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    cal (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • cittayā -
  • cittā (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
  • Line 2: “krodho niḥsatyatā dyūtam etan mitrasya dūṣaṇam
  • krodho* -
  • krodha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • niḥsatyatā* -
  • niḥsatyatā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • dyūtam -
  • dyūta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • etan -
  • etad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    etad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • mitrasya -
  • mitra (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    mitra (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • dūṣaṇam -
  • dūṣaṇa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    dūṣaṇa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    dūṣaṇā (noun, feminine)

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Hitopadesha Verse 1.99

Cover of edition (2015)

The Hitopadesa of Narayana
by M. R. Kale (2015)

Edited with A Sanskrit Commentary "Marma-Prakasika" and Notes in English; 9788120806023; Published by Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Pvt. Ltd.

Buy now!
Cover of Gujarati edition

Hitopadesa (in Gujarati)
by Dr. Narayan M. Kansara (2007)

[હિતોપદેશ]—[ડો. નારાયણ એમ. કંસારા] Sanskrit Text With Gujarati Translation; Published by Saraswati Pustak Bhandar, Ahmedabad

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.99 in Gujarati sript:
રહસ્ય-ભેદો યાચ્ઞા ચ નૈષ્ઠુર્યં ચલ-ચિત્તયા ।
ક્રોધો નિઃસત્યતા દ્યૂતમ્ એતન્ મિત્રસ્ય દૂષણમ્ ॥ ૯૯ ॥

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