Rahasya: 17 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Rahasya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Rahasy.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Rahasya (रहस्य) refers to “confidential, or secret”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: academia.edu: Religious Inclusivism in the Writings of an Early Modern Sanskrit Intellectual (Shaivism)

Rahasya (रहस्य) or Rahasyaśāstra (Cf. Mantramārga) refers to a “special or esoteric teaching”.—While Śaiva Siddhānta adheres to a strictly dualist doctrine (dvaitavāda, bhedavāda) according to which Śiva is the efficient cause of the world and is distinct from souls and worlds, non-dualist schools hold that Śiva is ultimately non-different from the soul and that liberation is achieved not through ritual but through gnosis. Thus Abhinavagupta, like most other esoteric Śaivas, sees Śaiva Siddhānta as a general and exoteric revelation (sāmānyaśāstra) that his non-dualist theory and practice transcend as a special or esoteric teaching (viśeṣa-śāstra, rahasya-śāstra). The theoreticians of Śaiva Siddhānta, on the other hand, disagree with this non-dualist metaphysics and claim that their dualist position is final.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Rahasya.—(IE 8-3; EI 3-6, 23, 27, 30), a private secre- tary; same as Rāhasika, Rahasy-ādhikṛta, etc. Note: rahasya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

rahasya (रहस्य).—n (S) A secret, a mystery, a matter private, and thus not to be generally divulged; or mysterious, and thus not readily to be penetrated and known. 2 Friendliness, kindliness, amicable relation, cronyship. 3 Play or pleasantry; sportive sallies; jocund repartees; facetious or witty merriment. 4 The involved moral or beauty; the significant point or particular; the sting, the wit. Ex. tumhī bōlatāṃ hyāntīla ra0 mājhē dhyānānta ālēṃ nāhīṃ. 5 Spirit, flavor, savoriness, excellence. Ex. sarāphīcē vyavahārānta ātāṃ kāṃhīṃ ra0 rāhilēṃ nāhīṃ. rahasyānta yēṇēṃ To be excited into mirth or lively joy.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

rahasya (रहस्य).—n A secret, a mystery. Friendliness. Spirit.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Rahasya (रहस्य).—a. [rahasi-bhavaḥ yat]

1) Secret, private, clandestine; रहस्यं च प्रकाशं च यद् वृत्तं तस्य धीमतः (rahasyaṃ ca prakāśaṃ ca yad vṛttaṃ tasya dhīmataḥ) (kathaya) Rām.1. 2.33; रोमाणि च रहस्यानि सर्वाण्येव विवर्जयेत् (romāṇi ca rahasyāni sarvāṇyeva vivarjayet) Ms.4.144.

2) Mysterious.

-syam 1 A secret (fig. also); स्वयं रहस्यभेदः कृतः (svayaṃ rahasyabhedaḥ kṛtaḥ) V.2.

2) A mystic spell or incantation, the mystery (of a missile); सरहस्यानि जृम्भकास्त्राणि (sarahasyāni jṛmbhakāstrāṇi) U.1.

3) The mystery or secret of conduct, mystery; रहस्यं साधूना- मनुपधि विशुद्धं विजयते (rahasyaṃ sādhūnā- manupadhi viśuddhaṃ vijayate) U.2.2; सरहस्यो धनुर्वेदः (sarahasyo dhanurvedaḥ) Bhāg.1.7. 44.

4) A secret or esoteric teaching, a mystic doctrine; भक्तोऽसि मे सखा चेति रहस्यं ह्येतदुत्तमम् (bhakto'si me sakhā ceti rahasyaṃ hyetaduttamam) Bg.4.3; साङ्गोपाङ्गोपनिषदः सरहस्यः प्रदीयताम् (sāṅgopāṅgopaniṣadaḥ sarahasyaḥ pradīyatām) Rām.1.55.16.

5) An upaniṣad; चतुर्भ्यः सरहस्येभ्यो वेदेभ्यो ह्यधिकं यदा (caturbhyaḥ sarahasyebhyo vedebhyo hyadhikaṃ yadā) Mb.1.1.272; Ms.2. 165.

-syam ind. Secretely, privately; अनभिख्यातदोषस्तु रहस्यं व्रतमाचरेत् (anabhikhyātadoṣastu rahasyaṃ vratamācaret) Y.3.3 (where it may be taken as an adj. also).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rahasya (रहस्य).—mfn.

(-syaḥ-syā-syaṃ) Private, secret, either fit to be concealed or occuring in secret. n.

(-syaṃ) 1. A secret, a mystery, anything hidden, recondite or mysterious. 2. Any esoteric teaching. f.

(-syā) 1. Clandestine. 2. Mysterious. 3. The name of a river, perhaps the Saraswati, from its being supposed to flow in an unknown channel. E. rahas secret, yat aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rahasya (रहस्य).—[rahas + ya], I. adj. Secret, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 247; concealed, 4, 144; mysterious. Ii. n. A secret, [Pañcatantra] 129, 2; a mystery, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 20, 20. Iii. f. , The name of a river.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rahasya (रहस्य).—[adjective] secret, private; [neuter] a secret, mystical doctrine, mystery, also [adverb] = rahas.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Rahasya (रहस्य) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Sv. Oppert. 1164. 4670. 8209. Ii, 408.

2) Rahasya (रहस्य):—[dharma] an abridgment of some more definite title. Quoted by Halāyudha in Brāhmaṇasarvasva, by Kamalākara in Nirṇayasindhu, by Keśava in Dvaitapariśiṣṭa. See Dharmarahasya, Smṛtirahasya, Viṣṇurahasya, Śivarahasya.
—Rahasyaprāyaścitta, a chapter of a lawbook. Quoted by Halāyudha ibid.

3) Rahasya (रहस्य):—alaṃk. Quoted thrice in Alaṃkāraśekhara. Mallinātha on Kirātārjunīya 3, 60. 14, 40, on Śiśupālavadha 13, 10.

4) Rahasya (रहस्य):—Sv. Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 75.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Rahasya (रहस्य):—[from rah] mfn. secret, private, clandestine, concealed, mysterious, [Vasiṣṭha; Mahābhārata] etc. (syāni romāṇi, hair on the private parts, [Manu-smṛti iv, 144])

2) Rahasyā (रहस्या):—[from rahasya > rah] f. = rāsnā or pāṭhā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a river, [Mahābhārata]

4) Rahasya (रहस्य):—[from rah] n. a secret, any secret doctrine or mystery, any subtle or recondite point, mystical or esoteric teaching, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] an Upaniṣad (See sa-r)

6) [v.s. ...] full or abridged Name of various works.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rahasya (रहस्य):—[(syaḥ-syā-syaṃ) a.] Private, secret. n. A secret, mystery. f. River.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Rahasya (रहस्य) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Rahassa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Rahasya in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Rahasya in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Rahasya (रहस्य) [Also spelled rahasy]:—(nm) a secret; mystery; secrecy; ~[pūrṇa/maya] mysterious; secretive; ~[mayatā] mysteriousness; ~[vāda] a poetic movement of the third and fourth decades in Hindi that stressed the identity of the Universal and the Individual and addressed itself to the Non-Manifest; ~[vāditā] mysteriousness, the attribute or approach of a [rahasyavādī; ~vādī] an adherent of [rahasyavāda]; pertaining to [rahasyavāda].

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