Dhanurveda Samhita [sanskrit]

3,015 words

The Sanskrit text of the Dhanurveda-samhita attributed to Vasishtha. Dhanur Veda is a type of ancient India science whose roots date to the 2nd millenium BCE. It is counted among the Upavedas literature. This specific version of the Dhanurveda contains roughly 240 sections of Sanskrit text.

अष्टम्यमायां षष्ठेऽर्द्धयामे रुद्राणी ।
तमोयुक्ता साग्नेय्यामीक्ष्यते ॥ द्वितीयेऽर्द्धयामे सैंहिकेययुता ।
इति राहुयुक्ता योगिनी उपग्राह्या ॥ ३४ ॥

aṣṭamyamāyāṃ ṣaṣṭhe'rddhayāme rudrāṇī |
tamoyuktā sāgneyyāmīkṣyate || dvitīye'rddhayāme saiṃhikeyayutā |
iti rāhuyuktā yoginī upagrāhyā || 34 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

In the eighth month, in the sixth half of the month, Rudrani appears. It is seen in the fire with darkness. In the second half of the day, she was accompanied by Sainhikaya. Thus the yogini conjunct Rahu should be understood.

English translation by Hardayalu Swami (2001) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (2.34). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Ashtami, Ama, Amaya, Shashtha, Riddha, Rudrani, Tama, Tamas, Yukta, Agneyi, Dvitiya, Saimhikeya, Yut, Yuta, Iti, Yogin, Yogini, Yogi, Upa, Grahi, Grahya,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Verse 2.34). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “aṣṭamyamāyāṃ ṣaṣṭhe'rddhayāme rudrāṇī
  • aṣṭamya -
  • aṣṭamī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
  • amāyām -
  • amā (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
    amāyā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • ṣaṣṭhe' -
  • ṣaṣṭha (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ṣaṣṭha (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • ar -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ṛddhayā -
  • ṛddhā (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
  • ame -
  • ama (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ama (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    amā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • rudrāṇī -
  • rudrāṇī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “tamoyuktā sāgneyyāmīkṣyate |
  • tamo -
  • tamas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    tama (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • yuktā -
  • yuktā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    yuj -> yuktā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √yuj class 7 verb]
  • -
  • (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • agneyyām -
  • agneyī (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
  • īkṣyate -
  • īkṣ (verb class 1)
    [present passive third single]
  • Line 3: “dvitīye'rddhayāme saiṃhikeyayutā
  • dvitīye' -
  • dvitīya (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    dvitīya (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    dvitīyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • ar -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ṛddhayā -
  • ṛddhā (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
  • ame -
  • ama (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ama (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    amā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • saiṃhikeya -
  • saiṃhikeya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    saiṃhikeya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • yutā -
  • yut (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    yut (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    yutā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    yu -> yutā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √yu class 2 verb], [nominative single from √yu class 6 verb], [nominative single from √yu class 9 verb]
    yu -> yutā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √yu class 3 verb]
  • Line 4: “iti rāhuyuktā yoginī upagrāhyā
  • iti -
  • iti (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    iti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • rāhu -
  • rāhu (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • yuktā* -
  • yukta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    yuktā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    yuj -> yukta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √yuj class 7 verb], [vocative plural from √yuj class 7 verb]
    yuj -> yuktā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √yuj class 7 verb], [vocative plural from √yuj class 7 verb], [accusative plural from √yuj class 7 verb]
  • yoginī -
  • yoginī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    yogin (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    yogī (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • upa -
  • upa (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    upa (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    upa (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • grāhyā -
  • grāhi (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
    grāhī (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
    grāhyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    grah -> grāhyā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √grah class 9 verb], [nominative single from √grah]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Verse 2.34

Cover of edition (2001)

Dhanurveda Samhita (धनुर्वेदसंहिता)
by Hardayalu Swami (2001)

Publisher: Khemraj Shrikrishnadass

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2023)

Vasistha’s Dhanurveda Samhita
by Purnima Ray (2023)

Publisher: Khemraj Shrikrishnadas; ISBN-10: 818670289X; ISBN-13: 9788186702895; 88 pages including 18 illustrations;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2007)

Dhanurveda Samhita (धनुर्वेदसंहिता) (संस्कृत एवं हिंदी अनुवाद)
by Shri Dwarka Prasad Shastri (2007)

Title: Dhanurveda Sanhita (Hindi translation); Publisher: Chaukhambha Prakashan, Varanasi; 84 pages including 11 illustrations; Author: महर्षि वशिष्ठ (Maharshi Vashistha); Foreword by Dr. Chakradhar Bijalwan.

Buy now!
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