Grahya, Grāhya: 20 definitions


Grahya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Grahm.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Grāhya (ग्राह्य).—The eclipsed body. Note: Grāhya is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Grāhya (ग्राह्य) refers to “placed” (e.g., ‘that which is placed within the heart’), according to the Kulakaulinīmata verse 4.136-140.—Accordingly, “The goddess Nityā is always white and, completely full, resides in the circle of the moon. She is adorned with a rosary of crystal and a book. She is in the middle of a forest of Kadamba trees and enters into one’s own body. The principle (over which she presides) is between the vital breath and is located above (Śiva) the Tranquil One. One should repeat it along with emission at the beginning and end of the Vidyā. One should make it enter with the force of a river carrying along with it all the scriptures. Once placed within the heart (hṛd-grāhya-antargata), one becomes the Lord of Speech himself. He knows all that is made of speech and contemplates the principle which is the meaning of all written prose. O great goddess! By reciting it a 100,000 times a man becomes a (great) poet”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (philosophy)

Grāhya (ग्राह्य) refers to the “apprehended object”, according to the Īśvarapratyabhijñāvivṛtivimarśinī 2.131:—“[...] For the former [i.e., Ṣaḍdhātusamīkṣā] acknowledge that ordinary human practice is accounted for if this much [is admitted]: the five elements and consciousness, because such other [things as] the sense organs are included in these; whereas the latter admit that the ordinary human practice [consisting in the relationship between] an apprehending [subject] and an apprehended [object] (grāhya) is accounted for if a particular transformation called ‘consciousness’ arises in the four elements from [some of their] various combinations, and if this transformation does not arise [from other combinations of the four elements]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Grāhya (ग्राह्य) refers to “that which should be cognized” (by the mind of a Yogin), according to the Viṣṇudharma verse 96.28cd-29ab.—Accordingly, while teaching the attainment of non-duality the practice of Yoga: “When the [mind] has ceased because of the power of Yoga, cognition of Brahma arises [for the Yogin]. The supreme Brahma should be cognized (grāhya) by the mind of a Yogin, O king”.

Source: Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy: The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali

Grāhya (ग्राह्य) refers to the “object of knowledge” (i.e., that which is grasped).—There are three components of knowledge identified in Hindu philosophical discourse to demarcate the differences between these four stages of samādhi. In any act of knowledge, there is the “knower,” or subject of knowledge; the instruments of knowledge (mind and senses, etc.); and the object of knowledge. These are termed “gṛhitṛ,” “grahaṇa,” and “grāhya” respectively (literally: the “grasper,” the “instrument of grasping,” and “that which is grasped”).

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Grāhya (ग्राह्य) refers to “graspable” (i.e., ‘that which can be grasped’) (as opposed to Agrāhya—‘ungraspable’), according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly: “[...] The Bodhisattva Dharmarāja and the whole congregation, having joined the palms of their hands, paid homage to open space, and sat down. Then, by the magical presence of the Bodhisattva Gaganagañja, these verses resonated in open space: ‘[...] (138) Just as the open space is boundless and ungraspable (agrāhya) everywhere, the great power of insight is the same as the sameness of open space. (139) Just as a bird flying in the sky does not leave any trace, one who practices for awakening does not have any distinguishing mark in their behaviour. [...]’”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Grāhya (ग्राह्य) refers to “conceivable” (as opposed to Agrāhya—‘inconceivable’) [i.e., agrāhyānabhilāpyāś ca], according to the Guru Mandala Worship (maṇḍalārcana) ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “Conditions are like reflections, transparent, pure, indeed clear, Inconceivable (agrāhya) and inexpressible, arising from causes and effects”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Grāhya.—(IE 8-8), ‘to be apprehended or recruited’. Cf. a-kiñcid-grāhya; ‘to be levied’. Note: grāhya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

grāhya (ग्राह्य).—a S (Possible, purposed, necessary, or occurring) to be received or taken, to be seized or caught.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

grāhya (ग्राह्य).—a (Fit, possible) To be taken.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Grāhya (ग्राह्य).—a. [grah ṇyat]

1) To be taken or seized &c., see ग्रह् (grah).

2) To be understood; इन्द्रियग्राह्यः (indriyagrāhyaḥ) Manusmṛti 1.7.

3) Acceptable; सा सेवा या प्रभुहिता ग्राह्या वाक्यविशेषतः (sā sevā yā prabhuhitā grāhyā vākyaviśeṣataḥ) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.46.

3) To be received in a hospitable manner.

5) To be admitted in evidence; स्वभावेनैव यद्ब्रूयुस्तद् ग्राह्यं व्यावहारिकम् (svabhāvenaiva yadbrūyustad grāhyaṃ vyāvahārikam) Manusmṛti 8.78.

-hyam 1 A present.

2) The object of sensual perception.

-hyaḥ An eclipsed globe (sun or moon).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Grāhya (ग्राह्य).—mfn.

(-hyaḥ-hyā-hyaṃ) 1. To be seized, to be taken, to be accepted. 2. To be accepted as a rule or a law, to be acknowledged or assented to. 3. To be attended to or obeyed. 4. To be admitted in evidence, &c. 5. To be apprehended or arrested. E. grah to take, ṇyat aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Grāhya (ग्राह्य).—[adjective] to be seized, taken, held, gathered, gained, received, perceived, understood, learned, recognized, considered.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Grahya (ग्रह्य):—[from grah] mfn. belonging to or fit for a Graha (ladleful of any fluid), [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā iv, 24.]

2) Grāhya (ग्राह्य):—[from grah] mfn. to be seized or taken or held, [Ṛg-veda x, 109, 3; Manu-smṛti; Yājñavalkya; Mahābhārata] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] to be clasped or spanned, [Kathāsaritsāgara lxxiv, 217]

4) [v.s. ...] to be captured or imprisoned, [Yājñavalkya ii, 267 & 283; Mahābhārata] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] to be overpowered, [Prabodha-candrodaya ii, 8/9]

6) [v.s. ...] (a- [negative]), [Rāmāyaṇa [Bombay edition] iii, 33, 16]

7) [v.s. ...] to be picked or gathered, [Rāmāyaṇa iv, 43, 29]

8) [v.s. ...] to be received or accepted or gained, [Manu-smṛti; Yājñavalkya; Mahābhārata] etc.

9) [v.s. ...] to be taken in marriage, [xiii, 5091]

10) [v.s. ...] to be received in a friendly or hospitable manner, [xii, 6282]

11) [v.s. ...] to be insisted upon, [Kathāsaritsāgara xvii, 83]

12) [v.s. ...] to be chosen or taken account of [Rājataraṅgiṇī iv, 612]

13) [v.s. ...] to be perceived or recognised or understood, [Manu-smṛti i, 7; Mahābhārata] etc. (cf. a-)

14) [v.s. ...] (in [astronomy]) to be observed, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

15) [v.s. ...] to be considered, [Rāmāyaṇa v, vii; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā lxi, 19]

16) [v.s. ...] to be understood in a particular sense, meant, [Vopadeva vi, 15; Pāṇini [Scholiast or Commentator]]

17) [v.s. ...] to be accepted as a rule or law, to be acknowledged or assented to, to be attended to or obeyed, to be admitted in evidence, [Manu-smṛti viii, 78; Yājñavalkya; Mahābhārata] etc.

18) [v.s. ...] to be undertaken or followed (a vow), [Kathāsaritsāgara vcii, 38]

19) [v.s. ...] to be put (as confidence) in ([locative case]), [lviii, 36]

20) [v.s. ...] m. an eclipsed globe (sun or moon), [Sūryasiddhānta]

21) [v.s. ...] n. poison ([Boehtlingk’s Sanskrit-Woerterbuch in kuerzerer fassung]; ‘a present’ [Boehtlingk & Roth’s Sanskrit-Woerterbuch]), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

22) [v.s. ...] the objects of sensual perception, [Yoga-sūtra i, 41]

23) Grāhyā (ग्राह्या):—[from grāhya > grah] f. archery exercise, [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes] (cf. dur-, suhha-, svayaṃ-.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Grāhya (ग्राह्य):—[(hyaḥ-hyā-hyaṃ) a.] Acceptable, that should be admitted or taken.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Grāhya (ग्राह्य) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Gajjha, Gijjha, Gejjha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Grahya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Grāhya (ग्राह्य) [Also spelled grahm]:—(a) worth taking, acceptable; hence ~[] (nf).

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Grāhya (ಗ್ರಾಹ್ಯ):—

1) [adjective] that can be caught, seized.

2) [adjective] that can be or fit to be received; worth accepting.

3) [adjective] that can be mentally grasped, understood.

4) [adjective] good enough to fulfil a need, wish, requirement, etc.; satisfactory.

5) [adjective] ಗ್ರಾಹ್ಯವಾಗು [grahyavagu] grāhyavāgu to become understood; to be comprehended; 2. to be or become acceptable.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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