Grahya, Grāhya: 12 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Grahya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Grahm.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Grāhya (ग्राह्य).—The eclipsed body. Note: Grāhya is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Grāhya.—(IE 8-8), ‘to be apprehended or recruited’. Cf. a-kiñcid-grāhya; ‘to be levied’. Note: grāhya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

grāhya (ग्राह्य).—a S (Possible, purposed, necessary, or occurring) to be received or taken, to be seized or caught.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

grāhya (ग्राह्य).—a (Fit, possible) To be taken.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Grāhya (ग्राह्य).—a. [grah ṇyat]

1) To be taken or seized &c., see ग्रह् (grah).

2) To be understood; इन्द्रियग्राह्यः (indriyagrāhyaḥ) Ms.1.7.

3) Acceptable; सा सेवा या प्रभुहिता ग्राह्या वाक्यविशेषतः (sā sevā yā prabhuhitā grāhyā vākyaviśeṣataḥ) Pt.1.46.

3) To be received in a hospitable manner.

5) To be admitted in evidence; स्वभावेनैव यद्ब्रूयुस्तद् ग्राह्यं व्यावहारिकम् (svabhāvenaiva yadbrūyustad grāhyaṃ vyāvahārikam) Ms.8.78.

-hyam 1 A present.

2) The object of sensual perception.

-hyaḥ An eclipsed globe (sun or moon).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Grāhya (ग्राह्य).—mfn.

(-hyaḥ-hyā-hyaṃ) 1. To be seized, to be taken, to be accepted. 2. To be accepted as a rule or a law, to be acknowledged or assented to. 3. To be attended to or obeyed. 4. To be admitted in evidence, &c. 5. To be apprehended or arrested. E. grah to take, ṇyat aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Grāhya (ग्राह्य).—[adjective] to be seized, taken, held, gathered, gained, received, perceived, understood, learned, recognized, considered.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Grahya (ग्रह्य):—[from grah] mfn. belonging to or fit for a Graha (ladleful of any fluid), [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā iv, 24.]

2) Grāhya (ग्राह्य):—[from grah] mfn. to be seized or taken or held, [Ṛg-veda x, 109, 3; Manu-smṛti; Yājñavalkya; Mahābhārata] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] to be clasped or spanned, [Kathāsaritsāgara lxxiv, 217]

4) [v.s. ...] to be captured or imprisoned, [Yājñavalkya ii, 267 & 283; Mahābhārata] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] to be overpowered, [Prabodha-candrodaya ii, 8/9]

6) [v.s. ...] (a- [negative]), [Rāmāyaṇa [Bombay edition] iii, 33, 16]

7) [v.s. ...] to be picked or gathered, [Rāmāyaṇa iv, 43, 29]

8) [v.s. ...] to be received or accepted or gained, [Manu-smṛti; Yājñavalkya; Mahābhārata] etc.

9) [v.s. ...] to be taken in marriage, [xiii, 5091]

10) [v.s. ...] to be received in a friendly or hospitable manner, [xii, 6282]

11) [v.s. ...] to be insisted upon, [Kathāsaritsāgara xvii, 83]

12) [v.s. ...] to be chosen or taken account of [Rājataraṅgiṇī iv, 612]

13) [v.s. ...] to be perceived or recognised or understood, [Manu-smṛti i, 7; Mahābhārata] etc. (cf. a-)

14) [v.s. ...] (in [astronomy]) to be observed, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

15) [v.s. ...] to be considered, [Rāmāyaṇa v, vii; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā lxi, 19]

16) [v.s. ...] to be understood in a particular sense, meant, [Vopadeva vi, 15; Pāṇini [Scholiast or Commentator]]

17) [v.s. ...] to be accepted as a rule or law, to be acknowledged or assented to, to be attended to or obeyed, to be admitted in evidence, [Manu-smṛti viii, 78; Yājñavalkya; Mahābhārata] etc.

18) [v.s. ...] to be undertaken or followed (a vow), [Kathāsaritsāgara vcii, 38]

19) [v.s. ...] to be put (as confidence) in ([locative case]), [lviii, 36]

20) [v.s. ...] m. an eclipsed globe (sun or moon), [Sūryasiddhānta]

21) [v.s. ...] n. poison ([Boehtlingk’s Sanskrit-Woerterbuch in kuerzerer fassung]; ‘a present’ [Boehtlingk & Roth’s Sanskrit-Woerterbuch]), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

22) [v.s. ...] the objects of sensual perception, [Yoga-sūtra i, 41]

23) Grāhyā (ग्राह्या):—[from grāhya > grah] f. archery exercise, [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes] (cf. dur-, suhha-, svayaṃ-.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Grāhya (ग्राह्य):—[(hyaḥ-hyā-hyaṃ) a.] Acceptable, that should be admitted or taken.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Grahya (ग्रह्य):—adj. zum Graha (in der Bed. 2, b, β) gehörig, geeignet: a.mā.o si śu.raste.grahyaḥ [Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 4, 24.]

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Grāhya (ग्राह्य):—(wie eben)

1) adj. a) zu ergreifen, zu halten: hastena [Ṛgveda 10, 109, 3.] agrāhyā mūrdhajeṣvetāḥ striyaḥ [Mṛcchakaṭikā 122, 23.] śastraṃ dvijātibhirgrāhyam [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 8, 348.] pādau guroḥ [2, 71.] [Mahābhārata 5, 1335.] śaraḥ kṣatriyayā grāhyaḥ (bei der Heirathscerimonie) [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 3, 44.] [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 1, 62.] — b) gefangen zu nehmen, festzusetzen [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 2, 267. 283.] [Mahābhārata 7, 3431.] [Prabodhacandrodaja 36, 16. 99, 12.] — c) in Beschlag zu nehmen: dambhagrāhyo yaṃ deśaḥ [Prabodhacandrodaja 23, 8.] — d) mitzunehmen: asmiṃstu kila saṃmarde grāhyaṃ vividhamāyudham [Mahābhārata 7, 4337.] — e) zu sammeln, zu lesen: na grāhyaṃ phalamūlaṃ ca tasmindeśe plavaṃgamaiḥ [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 43, 29.] — f) zu erhalten, zu gewinnen, zu empfangen, anzunehmen: viṣādapyamṛtaṃ grāhyaṃ bālādapi subhāṣitam . amitrādapi sadvṛttamamedhyādapi kāñcanam .. zu gewinnen, zu vernehmen, anzunehmen, entgegenzunehmen [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 2, 239] [?(vgl. Cāṇakya 16).] sāraṃ tato grāhyam [Pañcatantra Pr. 10.] gopālena prajādhenorvittadugdhaṃ śanaiḥ śanaiḥ . pālanātpoṣaṇādgrāhyam [I, 249.] grāmādiṣu svāmigrāhyo bhāga āyaḥ [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 5, 1, 47,] [Scholiast] (bhikṣām) mene prajāpatirgrāhyāmapi duṣkṛtakarmaṇaḥ [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 4, 248.] [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 1, 202. 215.] [Mahābhārata 3, 13506. 13, 4436.] [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 34, 9.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 24, 24.] — g) zu ehelichen: aparā patitā caiva na grāhyā bhūtimicchatā [Mahābhārata 13, 5091.] — h) freundlich zu empfangen [Mahābhārata 12, 6282.] — i) worauf man zu bestehen hat: īdṛktu vācā niyamo grāhyaḥ saṃbandhinā tvayā [Kathāsaritsāgara 17, 83.] — k) zu erfassen, wahrzunehmen, zu erkennen: na tvasau cakṣuṣā grāhyaḥ [Mahābhārata 14, 579.] sparśagrāhya [Suśruta 1, 153, 4.] atīndriya [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 1, 7.] buddhi [Mahābhārata 13, 1045.] [Bhagavadgītā 6, 21.] mano [Bhāṣāpariccheda 56.] agrāhyaṃ hṛdayaṃ tathaiva vadanaṃ yaddarpaṇāntargatam erkennbar und greifbar [Bhartṛhari] agrāhyavīrya nicht wahrnehmbar [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 22, 20. -] [ŚVETĀŚV. Upakośā 5, 14.] [Muṇḍakopaniṣad 1, 1, 6.] [Māṇḍūkyopaniṣad 7.] [Mahābhārata 3, 13931. 14, 1457. fgg.] [GAUḌAP.] zu [SĀṂKHYAK. 4.] śrotrendriyāgrāhyatvāt [Scholiast] zu [Jaimini 1, 3, 22.] subst. die Objecte der Sinne: grahītṛgrahaṇagrāhyeṣu [Yogasūtra 1, 41.] — l) zu beobachten (in astronomischem Sinne) [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 24, 9.] — m) aufzufassen, anzusehen: tena naitadgrāhyaṃ tvayānyathā [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 94, 11.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 60, 19.] — n) zu verstehen so v. a. gemeint [Scholiast] zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 7, 3, 36] und [8, 1, 58.] [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 6, 15.] — o) anzunehmen, für gültig anzusehen; zu berücksichtigen: svabhāvenaiva yadbrūyustadgrāhyaṃ vyāvahārikam [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 8, 78.] [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 2, 20. 78.] tadgrāhyaṃ bhavati na tadvicāraṇīyam [Mṛcchakaṭikā 149, 12.] vṛddhānāṃ vacanam [Hitopadeśa I, 20.] [Mahābhārata 3, 11166.] [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 112, 5.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 26, 27.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 89, 10.] [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 1, 1, 9, Scholiast] am Ende. ubhayoḥ pratibhūrgrāhyaḥ ein Bürge ist anzunehmen [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 2, 10.] — p) annehmlich, angenehm: sā sevā yā prabhuhitā grāhyavākyā viśeṣataḥ [Pañcatantra I, 52.] [Daśakumāracarita 61, 4.] —

2) n. Geschenk [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 737.] — Vgl. durgrāhya, sukhagrāhya, svayaṃgrāhya .

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Grāhya (ग्राह्य):—

1) a) sukha bequem zu greifen [Kathāsaritsāgara 61, 33.] muṣṭigrāhyena madhyena zu umfassen, zu umspannen [74, 217.] — c) a von einem Fürsten so v. a. dem man nicht beikommen kann, nicht zu gewinnen (= anupasarpya [Scholiast]) [Rāmāyaṇa ed. Bomb. 3, 33, 16.] — h) der da verdient beachtet zu werden (Gegens. upekṣya) [Spr. 3806.] — m) grāhyaṃ devi na te nyathā [Rāmāyaṇa 7, 47, 13.] — o) Geltung habend [SARVADARŚANAS. 7, 1.] vākya [Spr. 1923.] hierher auch die u. p) stehenden Stellen. na pratyayaḥ strīṣu grāhyaḥ so v. a. man darf den Weibern kein Vertrauen schenken [Kathāsaritsāgara 58, 36.] — p) die Bed. zu streichen, da die Stellen zu o) gehören; st. dessen zu setzen zu unternehmen: vrata [Kathāsaritsāgara 97, 38.]

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Grāhya (ग्राह्य):—m. der verfinsterte Himmelskörper [Sūryasiddhānta 4, 11. fg. 22. 25. 6, 3.7. 11. 17. 19. 21.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Grahya (ग्रह्य):—Adj. zu einem Bechervoll gehörig , — geeignet.

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Grāhya (ग्राह्य):—( grāhia) —

1) Adj. — a) zu ergreifen , zu halten , zu packen , zu fassen , zu umfassen. — b) gefangen zu nehmen , festzusetzen. — c) in Beschlag zu nehmen. — d) mitzunehmen. — e) zu sammeln , zu lesen. — f) zu erhalten , zu gewinnen , zu empfangen , anzunehmen , entgegenzunehmen. — g) zu ehelichen. — h) freundlich zu empfangen. — i) worauf man zu bestehen hat. — k) zu erfassen , wahrzunehmen , zu erkennen , zu erlernen [Indische sprüche 7855.] — l) zu betrachten (in astronomischem Sinne). — m) aufzufassen , anzusehen. — n) zu verstehen , so v.a. gemeint. — o) anzunehmen , anzuerkennen ([185,17]), für giltig anzusehen , Geltung habend , zu berücksichtigen. — p) zu unternehmen. — q) dem man sich hingeben darf. na pratyayaḥ srīṣu grāhyaḥ so v.a. man darf den Weibern kein Vertrauen schenken.

2) m. der verfinsterte Himmelskörper.

3) *f. ā Uebungen im Bogenschiessen [Galano's Wörterbuch] —

4) *n. Gift.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Grāhya (ग्राह्य) [Also spelled grahm]:—(a) worth taking, acceptable; hence ~[] (nf).

context information

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