Ashtavakra Gita [sanskrit]

by John Richards | 1994 | 2,996 words

Ashtavakra Gita is a Sanskrit text belonging to the Advaita Vedanta school of orthodox Indian philosophy, instructing the reader in some of the core concepts. Traditionally believed to be authored by sage Ashtavakra, it is presented in the form of a dialogue between him and Janaka, king of Mithila. Alternative titles: अष्टावक्रगीता, Aṣṭāvakragītā, Astavakragita, अष्टावक्र-गीता, Aṣṭāvakra-gītā.

Verse 19.1

जनक उवाच ।
तत्त्वविज्ञानसन्दंशमादाय हृदयोदरात् ।
नानाविधपरामर्शशल्योद्धारः कृतो मया ॥ १ ॥

janaka uvāca |
tattvavijñānasandaṃśamādāya hṛdayodarāt |
nānāvidhaparāmarśaśalyoddhāraḥ kṛto mayā || 1 ||

Janaka: Using the tweezers of the knowledge of the truth I have managed to extract the painful thorn of endless opinions from the recesses of my heart.

English translation by John Richards (1994) Read online

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (19.1). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Janaka, Tattva, Vijnana, Sandamsha, Ada, Adaya, Hridaya, Udara, Nanavidha, Paramarsha, Shalyoddhara, Krit, Krita, Maya, Asmad,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Ashtavakra Gita Verse 19.1). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “janaka uvāca
  • janaka* -
  • janaka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • uvāca -
  • vac (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    vac (verb class 3)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • Line 2: “tattvavijñānasandaṃśamādāya hṛdayodarāt
  • tattva -
  • tattva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vijñāna -
  • vijñāna (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • sandaṃśam -
  • sandaṃśa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sandaṃśa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • ādāya -
  • ādāya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ādāya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    āda (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    āda (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
  • hṛdayo -
  • hṛdaya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    hṛdaya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    hṛdayā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • udarāt -
  • udara (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • Line 3: “nānāvidhaparāmarśaśalyoddhāraḥ kṛto mayā
  • nānāvidha -
  • nānāvidha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    nānāvidha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • parāmarśa -
  • parāmarśa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • śalyoddhāraḥ -
  • śalyoddhāra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • kṛto* -
  • kṛt (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    kṛt (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    kṛta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    kṛ -> kṛta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
    kṛ (verb class 2)
    [present active third dual]
  • mayā -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
    mayā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    asmad (pronoun, none)
    [instrumental single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Ashtavakra Gita Verse 19.1

Cover of edition (2016)

Astavakra (Ashtavakra) Gita
by Swami Chinmayananda (2016)

Sanskrit Text, Transliteration, Word-to-Word Meaning, Translation and Detailed Commentary

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Cover of edition (2013)

Ashtavakra Gita
by Kaka Hariom (2013)

Word-to-Word Meaning with Hindi Translation

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