Adaya, Ādāya, Adāya: 18 definitions


Adaya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Ādāya (आदाय):—Collection of drugs

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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Ādāya (आदाय) refers to “having taking up” (the energizing substances), according to the Kularatnoddyota verse 2.21-27.—Accordingly, “[...]  He worshipped the Great Transmission with hymns and excellent divine lauds, by exhibiting the Great Gestures and with salutations and the waving of lamps along with divine words of praise and rites of adoration centered on the Maṇḍala and the Krama. Taking up (ādāya) then the energizing (substances), O fair one, he who does all things, was conjoined with the goddess. O Supreme mistress, praised by the heroes, the Lord of the heroes and the universal Self took up the vessel with the meat and put it in (his) mouth along with the sacrificial pap. [...]”.

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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

1) Adaya (अदय) refers to “merciless”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “When Yama is an opponent of embodied souls, all elephants, horses, men, and soldiers and the powers of mantras and medicines become useless. While any person does not hear the merciless (adaya) roaring of Yama’s lion, in that time he leaps about having pleasure in only [his own] power”.

2) Ādāya (आदाय) refers to “having taken hold of” (one’s body in this life), according to the Jñānārṇava.—Accordingly, “Having taken hold of (ādāya) this body in this life, suffering is endured by you. Hence, that [body] is certainly a completely worthless abode. Whatever difficulties arise from life, they are each endured here by the embodied soul, only having taken hold of the body powerfully”.

Synonyms: Gṛhītvā.

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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Ādāya.—(EI 33), income or impost; cf. bhūta-bhaviṣyad- vartamāna-niḥśeṣa-adāya-sahita (IE 8-5); cf. also viseṇim-ādāya (EI 21), name of a tax. Note: ādāya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

ādāya : (abs. of ādāti) having taken.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Ādāya, (ger. of ādāti, either from base 1 of dadāti (dā) or base 2 (dāy). See also ādiya) having received or taken, taking up, seizing on, receiving; frequent used in the sense of a prep. “with” (c. Acc.) Sn.120, 247, 452; J.V, 13; Vbh.245; DhA.II, 74; SnA 139; PvA.10, 13, 38, 61 etc. — At Vin.I, 70 the form ādāya is used as a noun f. ādāyā in meaning of “a casually taken up belief” (tassa ādāyassa vaṇṇe bhaṇati). Cp. upa°, pari°. (Page 98)

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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

adaya (अदय).—a S (a & dayā) Merciless or pitiless.

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āḍaya (आडय).—f C āḍava f C (āḍavā) Lying down or reclining, i. e. getting on one's side. v ghē.

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ādāya (आदाय).—m Profits, gains, money flowing in.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

adaya (अदय).—a Merciless or pitiless.

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āḍaya (आडय) [-ī-va, -ई-व].—f Lying down or reclining.

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ādāya (आदाय).—m Profits, gains.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Adaya (अदय).—[na. ba.] Merciless, unkind, cruel.

-yam ind. Mercilessly; ardently; fervently, closely (as an embrace) इच्छामि चैनमदयं परिरब्धुमङ्गैः (icchāmi cainamadayaṃ parirabdhumaṅgaiḥ) V.5.9.

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Adāya (अदाय).—a. [nāsti dāyo yasya] Not entitled to a share.

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Ādāya (आदाय).—ind. Having taken; oft. with a prepositional force 'with'; जालमादाय (jālamādāya) H.1.

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Ādāya (आदाय).—Receiving, taking &c.

Derivable forms: ādāyaḥ (आदायः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adaya (अदय).—mfn. (yaḥ-yā-yaṃ) Unfeeling, unmerciful, destitute of pity. E. a neg. dayā clemency.

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Ādāya (आदाय).—ind. Having taken. E. āṅ before to give, lyap aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adaya (अदय).—[adjective] merciless; [neuter] [adverb] violently.

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Ādāya (आदाय).—([gerund]) having taken, i.e. with ([accusative]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Adaya (अदय):—[=a-daya] mfn. (√day), merciless, unkind, [Ṛg-veda x, 103, 7]

2) Ādāya (आदाय):—[=ā-dāya] [from ā-dā] 1. ā-dāya mfn. ifc. taking, seizing.

3) [v.s. ...] 2. ā-dāya ind. [indeclinable participle] having taken

4) [v.s. ...] with, along with, [Atharva-veda etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adaya (अदय):—[bahuvrihi compound] m. f. n.

(-yaḥ-yā-yam) Unfeeling, unmerciful, destitute of pity. adayam used adverbially. E. a priv. and dayā.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Adaya (अदय) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Adaya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Adaya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Adaya (अदय) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Adaya.

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Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Aḍāya (ಅಡಾಯ):—[noun] excessive lenience.

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Adaya (ಅದಯ):—[adjective] having or showing no mercy; merciless; cruel.

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Adaya (ಅದಯ):—[noun] a man lacking feeling of compassion or pity; a merciless, cruel man.

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Ādāya (ಆದಾಯ):—[noun] the money or other gain received, esp. in a given period, by an individual, corporation, etc. for labour or services or from property, investments, operations, etc.; income.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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