Vyatikrama: 9 definitions



Vyatikrama means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous (V) next»] — Vyatikrama in Jainism glossary
Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 7: The Five Vows

Vyatikrama (व्यतिक्रम) refers to “crossing the limits of the vows with passionate disposition” and represents one of the four “subsidiary dispositions which cause non observance of the vows” according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 7.23. What is meant by crossing the limits of the vows with passionate disposition (vyatikrama)? It means to have an inclination and desire for worldly pleasures.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (V) next»] — Vyatikrama in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vyatikrama (व्यतिक्रम).—m Inverted order. Reverse conduct.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (V) next»] — Vyatikrama in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vyatikrama (व्यतिक्रम).—1 U.

1) To transgress, violate, offend against; संमतोऽहं प्रभोर्नित्यमिति मत्वा व्यतिक्रमेत् (saṃmato'haṃ prabhornityamiti matvā vyatikramet) Pt.1.56.

2) To neglect, omit.

3) To pass, spend (time).

4) To pass over or beyond.

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Vyatikrama (व्यतिक्रम).—

1) Transgressing, deviating, swerving; divergence; 'belonging to two different Vedas' as in गुणमुख्यव्यतिक्रमे तदर्थत्वान्मुख्येन वेदसंयोगः (guṇamukhyavyatikrame tadarthatvānmukhyena vedasaṃyogaḥ) Ms.3.3.9.

2) Violation, breach, non-performance; as in संविद्व्यतिक्रमः (saṃvidvyatikramaḥ); तस्य व्यतिक्रमाद्राज्ञो भविष्यति सुदारुणा (tasya vyatikramādrājño bhaviṣyati sudāruṇā) Rām.1.9.8.; प्रतिबध्नाति हि श्रेयः पूज्यपूजाव्यतिक्रमः (pratibadhnāti hi śreyaḥ pūjyapūjāvyatikramaḥ) R.1.79.

3) Disregard, neglect, omission.

4) Contrariety, inversion, reverse.

5) Sin, vice, crime; अत्र ब्रूहि यथातत्त्वं को रामस्य व्यतिक्रमः (atra brūhi yathātattvaṃ ko rāmasya vyatikramaḥ) Rām.3. 39.24; व्यतिक्रमं मे भगवन् क्षन्तुमर्हसि शंकर (vyatikramaṃ me bhagavan kṣantumarhasi śaṃkara) Mb.3.39.8; Ms.8.355.

6) Adversity, misfortune.

7) Violating, transgression; तयोर्व्यतिक्रमं दृष्ट्वा क्रुद्धस्य भवतो हरेः (tayorvyatikramaṃ dṛṣṭvā kruddhasya bhavato hareḥ) Mb.3. 12.39.

Derivable forms: vyatikramaḥ (व्यतिक्रमः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyatikrama (व्यतिक्रम).—m.

(-maḥ) 1. Inverted or retrograde order, inversion, reverse. 2. Contrariety, opposition in general; as the contrary of what is right or wrong, crime, vice: the contrary of prosperity, adversity, misfortune, &c. 3. Retraction, non-performance, (as of contracts.) 4. Passing over or beyond. E. vi and ati before kram to go, aff. ac .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyatikrama (व्यतिक्रम).—i. e. vi-ati-kram + a, m. 1. Inverted or retrograde order, reverse, [Kirātārjunīya] 11, 76. 2. Contrariety. 3. Misfortune. 4. Passing over or beyond, transgression, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 244; [Pañcatantra] 46, 20. 5. Fault, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 229; sin, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 8, 12. 6. Non-performance (as of contracts), 8, 5.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyatikrama (व्यतिक्रम).—[masculine] passing, getting a start; transgression, violation, disregard, omission, also = seq.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vyatikrama (व्यतिक्रम):—[=vy-atikrama] [from vyati-kram] m. going or passing by, [Suśruta]

2) [v.s. ...] gaining the start, [Mahābhārata]

3) [v.s. ...] passing away, lapse (of time), [Rāmāyaṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] leaping or passing over, avoiding, escaping, getting rid of ([genitive case]), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] overstepping, transgressing, neglect, violation, non-performance, disregard of ([genitive case] or [compound]), [Gautama-dharma-śāstra; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

6) [v.s. ...] violation of established order, transgression, crime, vice, fault, sin against ([genitive case] or [compound]), [Āpastamba; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] inverted order, reverse, contrary, [???; Daśakumāra-carita]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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