Tiryanc, Tiryak, Tiryañc: 19 definitions
Tiryanc means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Tiryanch.
Yoga (school of philosophy)Source: Wisdom Library: Yoga
Tiryak (तिर्यक्) is a Sanskrit word referring to “upside-down”. It is used in Yoga.
Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Tiryak (तिर्यक्).—The origin of the different creatures described.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 298-303.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Tiryak (तिर्यक्) refers to a specific gesture (āṅgika) , or “movements made with the arms (bāhu)”, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 9. These movements form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism
Tiryak (तिर्यक्) is the name of a Rāśi (zodiac sign) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Tiryak).
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Tiryañc (तिर्यञ्च्) or Tiryaggati refers to the “animals” according to the “world of transmigration” section in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXVII).—The Bodhisattva sees the animals (tiryak) undergoing all the torments: they are made to gallop by blows of the whip or stick; they are made to make long journeys carrying burdens; their harness is damaged; they are branded with hot iron. People who, in their former lives, have trussed them up, whipped them or been guilty of crimes of this kind, assume the animal form of an elephant (haja), a horse (aśva), a cow (go), a sheep (eḍaka) or a deer (mṛga).
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha
Tiryak (तिर्यक्, “animal”) refers to one of the “six destinations” (gata) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 57). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., tiryak). The work is attributed to Nagarguna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 6: Influx of karmas
Tiryañc (तिर्यञ्च्) or Tiryañca.—What is the cause for the influx of karmas leading to subhuman (tiryañca / tiryaṃca) life? Deceitfulness (māyā) is the cause of influx of karmas leading to subhuman life.
What are the other causes for the influx of karmas leading to subhuman (tiryañca) life? The preaching of religion from a perverted attitude, lack of good conduct and propriety, desire for cheating others, blue and grey thought-colourations of the soul, mournful concentration during death which are the varieties of deceitful conduct, are the other causes of influx of karmas leading to sub human life.Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 7: The Five Vows
Tiryañc (तिर्यञ्च्, “horizontal”) or Tiryagvyatikrama refers to “exceeding the limits for movement set in the downwards directions”, representing one of the five transgressions (aticara) of the “vow of directional limits” (digvirati): one of the seven supplementary vows (śīlavrata), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 28.—What is meant by exceeding the limit of horizontal movement (tiryag-vyatikrama)? To go beyond the limit set in horizontal direction though tunnels or on land is called exceeding limits of horizontal movement.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
tiryak (तिर्यक्).—a S Oblique, tranverse, slant. 2 ad Obliquely, aslant, awry.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Tiryañc (तिर्यञ्च्).—a. (tiraścī f., rarely tiryañcī)
1) Oblique, transverse, horizontal, awry; तिर्यगूर्ध्वमधस्ताच्च व्यापको महिमा हरेः (tiryagūrdhvamadhastācca vyāpako mahimā hareḥ) Ku.6.71.
2) Crooked, curved.
3) Crossing over, traversing.
5) Lying in the middle or between.
-m.,-n. 1) An animal (going horizontally as distinguished from man who walks erect), a lower or irrational animal; बन्धाय दिव्ये न तिरश्चि कश्चित् पाशा- दिरासादितपौरुषः स्यात् (bandhāya divye na tiraści kaścit pāśā- dirāsāditapauruṣaḥ syāt) N.3.2; Ku.1.48.
2) A bird.
3) (With Jainas) The organic world, or plants.
See also (synonyms): tiryac.
Tiryak (तिर्यक्).—ind. Obliquely, crookedly, in a slanting or oblique direction; तिर्यगास्थाय संक्रुद्धः पक्षीशे भगवान्हरिः (tiryagāsthāya saṃkruddhaḥ pakṣīśe bhagavānhariḥ) Rām. 7.7.41; विलोकयति तिर्यक् (vilokayati tiryak) K. P.1; Me.51; Ku.5.74.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Tiryak (तिर्यक्).—adv. (used in the sense of Pali tiro, [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit] tiras, tiraskṛta, q.v.; the converse use of Sanskrit tiras in the sense of tiryak, crosswise, is recorded by [Boehtlingk and Roth] s.v. 2a from lexicons, and once in Mārk. Pur.; but in this one passage it seems to me that tiras may have its Pali meaning of outside, away, afar), outside, away, afar, in contrast with iha; neha na tiryak nobhayam antarā Śikṣāsamuccaya 252.15, not here, not afar, not between the two. (Bendall and Rouse, Transl. 234 line 2, across; but this seems manifest nonsense in the context.)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Tiryak (तिर्यक्) or Tiryyak.—ind. Crookedly, awry: see tiryac.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Tiryañc (तिर्यञ्च्).—i. e. tiras-añc (the final s is dropped, as often, and a is changed to ī, as before as, kṛ, bhū, cf. viśvadryañc, samyañc). I. adj., f. tiraścī, i. e. tiras-añc + ī, Horizontal (ved.). Ii. acc. sing. n. ºyak, adv. 1. Over, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 291 (cf. ā-gam). 2. Horizontally, Mahābhārata 2, 1396. 3. Sideways, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 23, 5. Iii. m. and n. 1. An animal, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 1, 2, 34. 2. An amphibious animal, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 40.
— Cf. [Gothic.] thairh, thairko; [Anglo-Saxon.] thurh.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Tiryañc (तिर्यञ्च्).—([nominative] [masculine] tiryaṅ, [feminine] tiraścī, [neuter] tiryak) transverse, oblique, horizontal; [masculine] [neuter] an animal (as horizontal, not erect), [especially] an amphibious animal, i.[grammar] any creature except man; [neuter] breadth, [adverb] = tiraścā or ści sideways, obliquely, across.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Tiryak (तिर्यक्):—[from tiraḥ] a ind. See yañc
2) [v.s. ...] in [compound] also for yañc.
3) Tiryañc (तिर्यञ्च्):—[from tiraḥ] mfn. ([from] tiras + añ, [Pāṇini 6-3, 94]; [nominative case] m. ryaṅ n. ryak f. raścī, also ryañcī, [Vopadeva iv, 12]) going or lying crosswise or transversely or obliquely, oblique, transverse (opposed to anv-añc), horizontal (opposed to ūrdhva), [Atharva-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Taittirīya-saṃhitā] etc.
4) [v.s. ...] going across, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xiv, 9, 3, 2 f.]
5) [v.s. ...] moving tortuously, [Horace H. Wilson]
6) [v.s. ...] curved, crooked, [Horace H. Wilson]
7) [v.s. ...] meandering, [Horace H. Wilson]
8) [v.s. ...] lying in the middle or between (a tone), [, xi, 4, 2, 5 ff.; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā-prātiśākhya i, 149]
9) [v.s. ...] m. n. ‘going horizontally’, an animal (amphibious animal, bird, etc.), [Manu-smṛti v, 40]
10) [v.s. ...] m., [xii, 57; Yājñavalkya; Mahābhārata] etc.
11) [v.s. ...] the organic world (including plants), [Jaina literature]
12) [v.s. ...] n. = ryak-pramāṇa, [Śulba-sūtra]
13) [v.s. ...] f. the female of any animal, [Horace H. Wilson]
14) Tiryak (तिर्यक्):—[from tiryañc > tiraḥ] b ind. across, obliquely, transversely, horizontally, sideways, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā-prātiśākhya; Manu-smṛti] etc.
15) c ryañc See p. 447, col. 3.
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
Tiryak (तिर्यक्):—adv. s. u. tiryañc .
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2) tiryaksa mārjāraḥ [Kathāsaritsāgara 65, 174.]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+40): Tiryaganupurvi, Tiryaggati, Tiryagjrimbhaka, Tiryagvyatikrama, Tiryagyoni, Tiryakphala, Tiryaksrotas, Tiryanca, Tiryancadish, Tiryancaga, Tiryancagati, Tiryancagunana, Tiryancaja, Tiryancajana, Tiryancajati, Tiryancajya, Tiryancantara, Tiryancapramana, Tiryancaprekshana, Tiryancaprekshin.
Full-text (+107): Tiryakprekshana, Tiryaksrotas, Tiryakprekshin, Tiryakta, Tiryak-kshipta, Tiryaggati, Tiryagyoni, Tirashci, Tirashca, Tiryac, Tiryyac, Tiryanca, Tiryakkritya, Tiryadryanc, Tirashc, Tiryaksutra, Tiryakpatana, Tiryakpratimukhagata, Tiryakpatin, Tiryyaksrotas.
Search found 19 books and stories containing Tiryanc, Tiryak, Tiryañc; (plurals include: Tiryancs, Tiryaks, Tiryañcs). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Appendix 1 - Pretas (hungry ghosts) and water < [Chapter XLVI - Venerating with the Roots of Good]
Third aṅga (member): Vyākaraṇa (prediction) < [Part 2 - Hearing the twelve-membered speech of the Buddha]
II. Beings to be established in the six perfections < [Part 3 - Establishing beings in the six perfections]
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Subdivisions of Pañcendriyas < [Appendix 1.4: The nine tattvas]
Appendix 1.2: types of karma < [Appendices]
Part 12: Refutation of Māyā < [Chapter I]
The Mahavastu (great story) (by J. J. Jones)
Chapter XXXI - The final defeat of Māra < [Volume II]
The Mirror of Gesture (abhinaya-darpana) (by Ananda Coomaraswamy)
The Markandeya Purana (by Frederick Eden Pargiter)
Vaisheshika-sutra with Commentary (by Nandalal Sinha)
Sūtra 5.1.8 (Falling how produced—continued) < [Chapter 1 - Of Voluntary Action]
Sūtra 5.2.13 (Causes of initial action of fire, air, atoms, and mind) < [Chapter 2 - Of Non-volitional Action]