Tiryanc, aka: Tiryañc, Tiryak; 9 Definition(s)


Tiryanc means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Tiryanch.

In Hinduism

Yoga (school of philosophy)

Tiryanc in Yoga glossary... « previous · [T] · next »

Tiryak (तिर्यक्) is a Sanskrit word referring to “upside-down”. It is used in Yoga.

Source: Wisdom Library: Yoga
Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Tiryanc in Purana glossary... « previous · [T] · next »

Tiryak (तिर्यक्).—The origin of the different creatures described.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 298-303.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Tiryak (तिर्यक्) refers to a specific gesture (āṅgika) , or “movements made with the arms (bāhu)”, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 9. These movements form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Tiryañc (तिर्यञ्च्) or Tiryaggati refers to the “animals” according to the “world of transmigration” section in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXVII).—The Bodhisattva sees the animals (tiryak) undergoing all the torments: they are made to gallop by blows of the whip or stick; they are made to make long journeys carrying burdens; their harness is damaged; they are branded with hot iron. People who, in their former lives, have trussed them up, whipped them or been guilty of crimes of this kind, assume the animal form of an elephant (haja), a horse (aśva), a cow (go), a sheep (eḍaka) or a deer (mṛga).

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Tiryak (तिर्यक्, “animal”) refers to one of the “six destinations” (gata) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 57). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., tiryak). The work is attributed to Nagarguna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Tiryanc in Jainism glossary... « previous · [T] · next »

Tiryañc (तिर्यञ्च्) or Tiryañca.—What is the cause for the influx of karmas leading to subhuman (tiryañca / tiryaṃca) life? Deceitfulness (māyā) is the cause of influx of karmas leading to subhuman life.

What are the other causes for the influx of karmas leading to subhuman (tiryañca) life? The preaching of religion from a perverted attitude, lack of good conduct and propriety, desire for cheating others, blue and grey thought-colourations of the soul, mournful concentration during death which are the varieties of deceitful conduct, are the other causes of influx of karmas leading to sub human life.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 6: Influx of karmas

Tiryañc (तिर्यञ्च्, “horizontal”) or Tiryagvyatikrama refers to “exceeding the limits for movement set in the downwards directions”, representing one of the five transgressions (aticara) of the “vow of directional limits” (digvirati): one of the seven supplementary vows (śīlavrata), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 28.—What is meant by exceeding the limit of horizontal movement (tiryag-vyatikrama)? To go beyond the limit set in horizontal direction though tunnels or on land is called exceeding limits of horizontal movement.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 7: The Five Vows
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Tiryanc in Marathi glossary... « previous · [T] · next »

tiryak (तिर्यक्).—a S Oblique, tranverse, slant. 2 ad Obliquely, aslant, awry.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tiryañc (तिर्यञ्च्).—a. (tiraścī f., rarely tiryañcī)

1) Oblique, transverse, horizontal, awry; तिर्यगूर्ध्वमधस्ताच्च व्यापको महिमा हरेः (tiryagūrdhvamadhastācca vyāpako mahimā hareḥ) Ku.6.71.

2) Crooked, curved.

3) Crossing over, traversing.

4) Winding.

5) Lying in the middle or between.

-m.,-n. 1) An animal (going horizontally as distinguished from man who walks erect), a lower or irrational animal; बन्धाय दिव्ये न तिरश्चि कश्चित् पाशा- दिरासादितपौरुषः स्यात् (bandhāya divye na tiraści kaścit pāśā- dirāsāditapauruṣaḥ syāt) N.3.2; Ku.1.48.

2) A bird.

3) (With Jainas) The organic world, or plants.

See also (synonyms): tiryac.

Tiryak (तिर्यक्).—ind. Obliquely, crookedly, in a slanting or oblique direction; तिर्यगास्थाय संक्रुद्धः पक्षीशे भगवान्हरिः (tiryagāsthāya saṃkruddhaḥ pakṣīśe bhagavānhariḥ) Rām. 7.7.41; विलोकयति तिर्यक् (vilokayati tiryak) K. P.1; Me.51; Ku.5.74.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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Tiryagyoni (तिर्यग्योनि) refers to the “domain of animal” according to the 2nd century Mahāpraj...
Tiryaggati (तिर्यग्गति) or simply Tiryañc refers to the “animal realm” according to the “world ...
Tiryagvyatikrama (तिर्यग्व्यतिक्रम) or simply Tiryañc refers to “exceeding the limits for movem...
A case of oblique dislocation (Tiryak-kshiptam) is marked by the projection or displacement ...
Tiryaṅmukhottānāsana (तिर्यङ्मुखोत्तानासन, “upside-down face stretched-out posture”) is a Sa...
Tiryañcāyu (तिर्यञ्चायु) or simply Tiryañca refers to “sub-human realms or states of exist...
Tiryañcāyus (तिर्यञ्चायुस्) or simply Tiryañca refers to “sub-human realms or states of ex...
Tiryagānupūrvī (तिर्यगानुपूर्वी) or simply Tiryañc refers to the “infernal migratory form” and ...
Tiryaṅnaukāsana (तिर्यङ्नौकासन) is a type of posture (āsana), according to verse 84 of the Śrīt...
Tiryaṅmānī (तिर्यङ्मानी).—1. The transverse side of a quadrilateral, the horizontal side. 2. Th...
Tiryakpātana (तिर्यक्पातन) is the final sub-step of Pātana, which is the fifth of the eight ...
Tiryagupapatti (तिर्यगुपपत्ति) refers to “rebirth in the animal kingdom” and represents one of ...
Tiryakphalā (तिर्यक्फला) is another name for Jantukā, a medicinal plant possibly identified wit...
Nāga (नाग) represents “state of desirelessness”, referring to one of the attributes of Lord Śiv...
Haṃsa.—(EI 15), an ascetic; cf. Paramahaṃsa. Note: haṃsa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical...

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